Zimbabwe Travel Overview
At a glance
Official language: English
Continent: East Africa
The stone house
Zimbabwe’s history has a bright past and has recently been clouded by dark clouds.
According to Countryaah, Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa. It borders on South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The Zambezi, which feeds the Vikoria Falls, forms the northern border.
Zimbabwe has been making negative headlines since the 1980s as it has been dictatorially ruled by Robert Mugabe since a coup. Since then, there have been repeated famines, power failures and, most recently, national bankruptcy in the country. The situation in the country is now so bad that tourist guides often ask the cynical question: “What did the Zimbabweans use to light their houses before they used candles? – With electricity… ”
Zimbabwe has a long and prosperous past and has not always been as impoverished as it is today. The ancient ruins of the former empire are a testament to this. Zimbabwe means “big house made of stone”. The art of stone building had a long tradition in Zimbabwe and many buildings are now important cultural monuments and sights. Something that has existed in Zimbabwe, regardless of which ruler is in power, is the Victoria Falls The country shares this tremendous natural spectacle with Zambia.
Alternative name: Zimbabwe
Official language: English
Dollars (100 cents)
ISO 4217 code
ZWR / 935
Geo coordinates: S -19 ° 0 ‘-55.6 “E 29 ° 9’ 17.5”
Highest mountain: Inyangani (2,592 m)
Total area: 390,757 km²
Mainland: 386,580 km²
National border: 3,066 km
Dependency: Great Britain until 1980
UN member since: 1980
Other political affiliation: Commonwealth
Form of government: republic
Export goods: Chrome ore, asbestos, copper
BSP: $ 9,073,000,000
GDP: $ 8,046,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 27.710 billion
Economic growth: -5%
GDP share of agriculture: 18.4%
GDP share of industry: 24.7%
GDP share of services: 56.9%
Inflation rate: 184.2%
State budget revenue: $ 1538 billion
State budget expenditure: $ 2019 billion
National debt: 116.2%
Export: $ 1,876,000,000
Import: $ 2,370,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 5,748,000,000
Electricity consumption: 14,840 million KWh
Oil consumption: 26,200 million m³
Cultivation area: 8.55%
Bovine: 5,917,000 pieces
Pigs: 637,000 pieces
Fishing: 11,900 t
Residents in cities: 4,788,100
Average age: 19.9 years
0-14 years: 37.4%
15-64 years: 59.1%
> 65 years: 3.5%
Population growth: 0.62%
Birth rate: 28.01 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 21.84 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 1
Fertility: 3.13 children / woman
Infant mortality: 51.71 ‰
Life expectancy men: 40.39 years
Life expectancy women: 38.16 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: ZW
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: TWO
ISO 3166 numeric: 716
Top Level Domain: between
IOC country code: ZIM
UN / LOCODE: ZW
Telephone connections: 390,000
Cell Phones: 470,000
Internet users: 2,140,000
Railway lines: 3,077 km
Paved roads: 21,727 km
Number of doctors: 1,980
Daily food intake: 2.170 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 2,100,000
Last sovereign since: 1980
Main religious group: Christians
Prison inmates: 22,100
Armed forces (troop strength): 26,000
Main battle tank: 40
Defense Spending: $ 131.6 million
Arriving by plane
KLM, Delta Air Lines and Air France connect Amsterdam with Harare. Air Zimbabwe (UM) operates the Harare – Johannesburg route.
US $ 20, excluding children under 12 and transit passengers.
Arrival by car
Car: Road connections to Tanzania, Malawi, South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana and Zambia. The N1 motorway leads from Cape Town (South Africa) via Bloemfontein and Johannesburg / Pretoria to Harare. The N1 is a toll road. The main roads to Beitbridge and Victoria Falls are well developed. Outside the main roads the road conditions are poor. Border crossings are generally open from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m., on the busier routes through Beitbridge, Plumtree and Victoria Falls the crossings are often open until 8 p.m. More information from the embassy or the Zimbabwe Tourist Office (see addresses).
Bus: There are good bus connections between Johannesburg and Harare (travel time: approx. 21 hours).
Arriving by train
Trains run from South Africa through Botswana to Bulawayo and Harare (see South Africa). Rail connection to Zambia via the Victoria Falls.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
Air Zimbabwe (UM) connects Harare with Victoria Falls and Bulawayo.
Light aircraft offer sightseeing flights from Kariba and Victoria Falls.
On the way by car / bus
The road network is well developed, paved roads connect the larger cities and open up rural areas. Left-hand traffic.
Diesel and petrol are only available sporadically, if at all, at public filling stations.
Bus: In small and large cities, buses run at long intervals. There are bus connections between the cities. However, warnings are issued against overland journeys with public buses. These are often in poor technical condition due to a lack of spare parts and poor maintenance. Blue Arrow Luxury Coaches offers long-distance bus service to major cities, including Harare-Bulawayo (via Chivhu and Kwe Kwe).
Rental carare available at airports, hotels, and most tourist areas.
Documentation: International driver’s license.
within built-up areas: 60 km / h,
on country roads: 120 km / h.
Traveling in the city
The bus connections in Harare are relatively good. You have to buy the tickets before you start your journey. There is also a bus network in Bulawayo.
Taxis cannot be hailed in the street. However, numerous taxis are available at taxi stands in the main centers and at all hotels and restaurants. You can also call a taxi by phone. The vehicles are generally equipped with taxi meters, but for longer journeys it is advisable to agree the price in advance.
On the go by train
Trains of the National Railways of Zimbabwe (Internet: www.planet.nu/sunshinecity/nrz) run daily from Harare to Bulawayo, Harare to Mutare, Gweru to Masvingo, Bulawayo to Chiredzi, Bulawayo to Victoria Falls and from Bulawayo to Plumtree.
Out and about by ship
In Kariba there are boats for rent from registered companies. Cruises across Lake Kariba and charter trips are also offered comparatively cheaply.