Zambia Travel Overview

Zambia Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Lusaka

Official language: English

Currency: Kwacha

Continent: East Africa

The laughing old man

Some Europeans see a fetus in the shape of Zambia, the Zambia say their country looks like a laughing old man


According to Countryaah, Zambia is a landlocked country in southern Africa. Direct neighbors are: Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia.


The Victoria Falls are THE main attraction in Zambia. A special kind of thrill is a bungee jump from the Viktoriafall Bridge, which leads 111m down. If you are not enthusiastic about bungee jumping, then take a river tour or a scenic flight and marvel at this extraordinary natural spectacle.

In addition, Zambia has a share around the shores of Lake Tanganyika. You can easily cross over to Burundi by boat.

Travel to Zambia

Due to its altitude, Zambia has a relatively mild climate for the tropical latitudes, which are ideal conditions for a trip. Due to its tropical location, there are three seasons in Zambia: A cool dry season with average temperatures of 15 to 27 ° Celsius in June and July, a hot dry season with temperatures between 24 and 32 ° Celsius from October to November and from October to April a hot, humid rainy season with temperatures of 27 to 38 ° Celsius.

Important facts

Capital: Lusaka

Official language: English


Currency (sub-unit)

Kwacha (100 ngwee)

ISO 4217 code

ZMK / 894


Continent: Africa

Region: east

Geo coordinates: S -13 ° -8 ‘-2 ” E 27 ° 50’ 57.6″

Highest mountain: Mafinga Hills (2,301 m)

Total area: 752,614 km²

Mainland: 740,724 km²

National border: 5,664 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 196

UN member since: 1964

Other political affiliation: Commonwealth

Form of government: Presidential Republic


Zambia GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Copper, lead, cobalt, tobacco

BSP: $ 6.287 million

GDP: $ 6,447,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 11,640,000,000

Economic growth: 4.9%

GDP share of agriculture: 20.2%

GDP share of industry: 29.6%

GDP share of services: 50.2%

Inflation rate: 17.7%

State budget revenue: $ 1,904,000,000

State budget expenditure: $ 20.8 billion

National debt: 68.4%

Export: $ 2,374,000,000

Import: $ 2,353,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 4,753,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 707,000,000

Electricity consumption: 6,588 million KWh

Oil consumption: 15,300 million m³

Cultivation area: 7.01%

Bovine: 2,800,000 pieces

Fishing: 72,600 t

Demographic data

Residents: 11.502.100

Residents in cities: 4,076,700

Average age: 16.5 years

0-14 years: 46.3%

15-64 years: 51.3%

> 65 years: 2.4%

Population growth: 2.11%

Birth rate: 41 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 19.93 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.99

Fertility: 5.39 children / woman

Infant mortality: 86.84 ‰

Life expectancy men: 39.76 years

Life expectancy women: 40.31 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: ZM

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: ZMB

ISO 3166 numeric: 894

Top Level Domain: zm

IOC country code: ZAM


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 92,000

Cell Phones: 453,000

Radios: 2,360,000

TV: 2,070,000

Computer: 134,000

Internet users: 140,000


Railway lines: 2,173 km

Paved roads: 21,288 km

Cars: 205,000

Pipelines: 771


Number of doctors: 1,140

Daily food intake: 1,920 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 1,040,000


Illiteracy: 19%


Foundation: 1600

Last sovereign since: 1964


Main religious group: Christians


Prison inmates: 15,000


Armed forces (troop strength): 18,000

Defense Spending: $ 139.8 million


Arriving by plane

Several international airlines, including South African Airways (SA) and British Airways (BA), offer flight connections to Lusaka.

A further journey to Lusaka from Windhoek (Namibia) via Johannesburg (South Africa) is also possible with Air Namibia (SW). Air Namibia flies direct from Frankfurt to Windhoek several times a week.

Departure fee

25 US $ (included in the ticket price). Transit passengers are exempt. In addition, an airport tax (infrastructure and development charge) must be paid at Lusaka, Livingstone, Ndola and Mfuwe airports in cash per person for international flights: 52.8 Kwacha (approx. US $ 10).

Arrival by car

Car: The main roads lead from Zimbabwe via Chirundu or Kariba to Livingstone; over Bulawayo and over the bridge of Victoria Falls; from Botswana by ferry at Kazungula near Livingstone; from Mozambique to Villa Gambito and Zumbo; from Tanzania via Nakonde and Mbala; from Malawi via Chipata and Nyika Plateau and from the Dem. Rep. Congo via the road from Lumbumbashi to Chingola.

Note: Because of conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola and the occasional assaults in the border regions of Zambia, trips to these border regions should be avoided. There are still unmarked minefields in the border areas with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola and Mozambique.

Bus:Buses run from Dar es Salaam and Mbeya in Tanzania to the border, where you can change to buses to Copperbelt and Lusaka. Buses also connect Malawi with Zambia via the Lilongwe – Lusaka route. Advance booking is recommended. Intercape Mainliner (Internet: and Translux (Internet: connect Johannesburg (South Africa) with the Victoria Falls and with Zambia every day.

Arriving by train

Two routes connect Zambia with Zimbabwe and Tanzania. Zambia Railways offer a daily connection from Livingstone via the Victoria Falls to Bulawayo and Harare (Zimbabwe). The journey takes 9-12 hours, depending on whether you use the normal or express train.

The trains of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA) (Internet: run between Kapiri-Mposhi (Zambia) and Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) (journey time: 38 hours). Trains are often canceled, to be on the safe side you should check with the tourist office in Lusaka beforehand.

Arrival by ship

Ferry connections from Mpulungu via Lake Tanganyika and via Kigoma (Tanzania) to Bujumbura in Burundi and from Kazungula via the Zambezi to Botswana.