Yemen Travel Overview

Yemen Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Sana (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Arabic

Currency: Rial

Continent: West Asia

Arabia like nowhere

Yemen is considered to be the poorest country on the Arabian Peninsula, especially because there were no major oil discoveries there. However, the country of birth of the Prophet Mohammed was able to retain a lot of its own charm.

Stories of yemen

Yemen was the scene of many myths in ancient times. It is reported that there the sons of Noah found the land where milk and honey flow. The area was the setting of the Gilgamesh epic: Gilgamesh traveled there in search of the source of eternal youth. In modern times, the country has been forgotten and is considered the poor house of the Arabian Peninsula.

Location of Yemen

According to Countryaah, Yemen is located in the southernmost part of the Arabian Peninsula and borders the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, which is connected to the Gulf of Persia. The neighboring states of Yemen are Saudi Arabia in the north and Oman in the east. Due to its location, close to the equator and the winds from the desert, Yemen is one of the hottest countries in the world. As a result, a long tradition of water pipe construction and oasis management has developed in the country.

Destinations in Yemen

The best way to get to Yemen is by flight and land at the international airport in the capital Sana’a. The city looks like the backdrop of a fairy tale, because many houses – including the skyscrapers – are made of clay. The architecture is worth seeing and typical of the Arabian Peninsula: the high houses made of clay create a lot of cool shade, which makes the heat bearable, the winding little streets look like walls against the hot wind from the desert and protect the interior of the city from sandstorms.

In the legend, God smiles when he talks about Yemen. “London,” he says in the legend, “Has changed too much. I also don’t recognize Cairo anymore. But Yemen has remained as I created it on the first day. ”

Oases and cities

Another attraction of Yemen is the Wadi Hadramawt oasis. In the midst of scorching desert sand, it looks like a picture from a dream – because its lush green pampers the eyes that have only seen the beige of the surrounding area before. The houses also look like they are from 1001 nights, the construction method has been ideally adapted to the climate. The best way to get to the oasis is from Seiyun. Arrived at the local airport (GXF) you can rent a rental car and drive east. After driving 7 kilometers through the desert you have arrived.

The city of Zabid is located about 600 kilometers east of Seiyun. The closest you will land in Yemen is Sana’a International Airport. From there it is only about half the way to Zabid. But the trip will be worth it, because this city is the pearl of Yemen. The city was granted UNESCO World Heritage status. The reasons for this are diverse. On the one hand there is the architecture of the city, which is closed in its entirety with a wall. And on the other hand it was the first address in the Islamic Middle Ages for Islamic scholars and those who wanted to study there. This old city is now on the list of “threatened” cultural monuments in the world, as in the last ten years around 40% of the historical architecture has been replaced by modernity. In this city, algebra was invented and it also has a third title, as the hottest city in the world!


Currency (sub-unit)

Rial (100 fils)

ISO 4217 code

YER / 886


Continent: Asia

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 15 ° 33 ‘9.8 ” E 48 ° 30’ 59″

Highest mountain: Jabal an Nabi Shu’ayb (3,760 m)

Total area: 527,970 km²

Mainland: 527,970 km²

National border: 1,746 km

Coastline: 1,906 km


Dependency: Ottoman Empire until 1918

UN member since: 1967

Other political affiliation: Arab League

Form of government: Islamic Republic


Yemen GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Coffee, rubber, skins

BSP: $ 16,478,000,000

GDP: $ 17,726,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 22,420,000,000

Economic growth: 2.2%

GDP share of agriculture: 13.8%

GDP share of industry: 48.7%

GDP share of services: 37.5%

Inflation rate: 11.5%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 38.2%

Export: $ 7.412 million

Import: $ 4,830,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 5.569 million

Gold and currency reserves: $ 6,424,000,000

Electricity consumption: 3,272 million KWh

Gas reserves: 478,600 million m³

Oil reserves: 4,370 million m³

Oil production: 381,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 90,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 3.19%

Sheep: 5,160,000 pieces

Fishing: 163,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 21,456,200

Residents in cities: 5,254,000

Average age: 16.6 years

0-14 years: 46.4%

15-64 years: 51%

> 65 years: 2.6%

Population growth: 3.46%

Birth rate: 42.89 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 8.3 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.04

Fertility: 6.58 children / woman

Infant mortality: 59.88 ‰

Life expectancy men: 60.23 years

Life expectancy women: 64.11 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: YE

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: YEM

ISO 3166 numeric: 887

Top Level Domain: ye

IOC country code: YEM


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 775,000

Cell Phones: 866,000

Radios: 1,450,000

TV: 5,720,000

Computer: 834,000

Internet users: 770,000


Paved roads: 6,280 km

Cars: 457,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 4

Pipelines: 1,262


Number of doctors: 3,840

Daily food intake: 2.130 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 17,000


Illiteracy: 48%


Foundation: 1100 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1918 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Muslims


Armed forces (troop strength): 70,000

Main battle tank: 1,320

Warplanes: 90

Helicopter: 25th

Defense Spending: $ 1,067,400,000