Vietnam Travel Overview
At a glance
Capital: Hanoi (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)
Official language: Vietnamese
Continent: South East Asia
Marvel at the rock formations of Halong Bay and take the bus to the northern plateau to hike between rice plantations. After the war in the 1970s, Vietnam is increasingly being discovered as a tourist destination.
Location and climate
According to Countryaah, Vietnam offers many travel options, especially for young tourists, individual tourists and backpackers. The country is located in Southeast Asia, a region which includes Thailand, the Philippines, East Timor, Brunei and the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago, the latter politically belonging to India. It borders China, Laos, Cambodia, and the South China Sea. The Mekong Delta is located in Vietnam. The Mekong is considered to be the connecting element of Southeast Asia and is definitely worth a trip.
Vietnam has a north-south expansion and its height differencestwo climate zones. The south has a tropical climate, while the north is sub-tropical. The rainy season lasts from June to October and has its peak in September.
History and security
After the Vietnam War, the country cut itself off from the West. In the mid-1980s, it relaxed its entry requirements towards the capitalist world. The area has largely been cleared of war material, unlike in Laos, for example. The real safety risk when traveling in Vietnam is not duds, but road traffic ! Unfortunately, Vietnam leads in the ranking of road deaths worldwide. You should seriously consider taking a rental car with a chauffeur, the surcharge is affordable and advisable due to the heavy traffic – especially in the cities.
Culture and highlights
Bus companies offer a special way of traveling in Vietnam. Buy an open tour, also called an open bus ticket. This ticket allows you to travel on several bus routes across the country for 25 euros. The company works according to the motto: “To maximize the satisfaction of various needs of the traveler.”
Once on the bus you visit the highlands and the Mekong Delta. The Mekong rises in Tibet and flows through China, Burma, Thailand and Laos and finally in In any case, they should go to Halong Bay, which was not only the location for a film by a British spy, but is also included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
As is typical for the region, the food is characterized by rice. In the vicinity of the China Sea also by seafood. The catchment area of the Mekong is called “the vegetable garden of the world”. The menu of the region is usually always characterized by a wide variety of fresher ones.
Official language: Vietnamese
Đồng (10 Hào = 100 Xu)
ISO 4217 code
VND / 704
Geo coordinates: N 14 ° 3 ’30 ” E 108 ° 16′ 37.9″
Highest mountain: Ngoc Linh (3,143 m)
Total area: 329,560 km²
Mainland: 325,360 km²
National border: 4,639 km
Coastline: 3,444 km
Dependency: France until 1945
UN member since: 1977
Form of government: Socialist republic
Export goods: Rice, corn, tea, wood
BSP: $ 51.986.7 million
GDP: $ 53.729 billion
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 241.3 billion
Economic growth: 8.8%
GDP share of agriculture: 19.6%
GDP share of industry: 42%
GDP share of services: 38.4%
Inflation rate: 7.8%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 51.4%
Export: $ 38.46 billion
Import: $ 41,709,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 23.84 billion
Gold and currency reserves: $ 10,274,000,000
Electricity consumption: 57,000 million KWh
Gas reserves: 192,600 million m³
Gas production: 7,347 million m³
Gas consumption: 7,347 million m³
Oil reserves: 600 million m³
Oil production: 416,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 232,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 27.22%
Bovine: 3,758,000 pieces
Pigs: 24,262,000 pieces
Fishing: 1,650,000 t
Residents in cities: 20,240,000
Average age: 25.9 years
0-14 years: 27%
15-64 years: 67.1%
> 65 years: 5.9%
Population growth: 1.02%
Birth rate: 16.86 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 6.22 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -0.42 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.98
Fertility: 1.91 children / woman
Infant mortality: 25.14 ‰
Life expectancy men: 68.05 years
Life expectancy women: 73.85 years
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: VN
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: VNM
ISO 3166 numeric: 704
Top Level Domain: vn
IOC country code: VIE
UN / LOCODE: VN
Telephone connections: 5,060,000
Cell Phones: 5,044,000
Internet users: 4,630,000
Railway lines: 2,600 km
Paved roads: 43,675 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 267
Number of doctors: 46,240
Daily food intake: 2,580 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 350,000
Foundation: 208 BC Chr.
Last sovereign since: -1945 BC Chr.
Main religious group: Buddhists
Prison inmates: 59,200
Armed forces (troop strength): 484,000
Main battle tank: 1,210
Defense Spending: $ 1,283,200,000
Arriving by plane
Vietnam’s national airline is called Vietnam Airlines (VN) (Internet: www.vietnam-air.de). Vietnam Airlines flies six times a week from Frankfurt aM non-stop to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) as well as from Vienna and Zurich non-stop to Ho Chi Minh City.
Ho Chi Minh City is served by Lufthansa (LH) twice a week. Usually you can reach Vietnam via Bangkok, Manila or Singapore.
Air France (AF) flies non-stop three times a week without stopping from Paris-CDG to Ho Chi Minh City and twice to Hanoi. The elimination of stopovers in Bangkok reduces travel time by up to three hours and 20 minutes.
China Airlines (CI) (Internet: www.chinaairlines.de) flies three times a week from Frankfurt / M. via Taipei to Hanoi.
US $ 14 (Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi), US $ 8 (Da Nang). Fees can be paid in US dollars or dong.
Arrival by car
There are road connections from Vietnam to China including the Huu Nghi border crossing in Lang Son province, which is 17 km from Lang Son City, the Lao Cai border crossing in the province of the same name and the Mong Cai border crossing in Quang Ninh province.
Road connections from Vietnam to Cambodia lead via the Moc Bai and Sa Mat border crossings in Tay Ninh Province and via the Tinh Bien border crossing in An Giang Province. You drive to
Laos via the border crossings Lao Bao in Quang Tri Province, Na Meo in Thanh Hoa Province, Nam Can in Nghe An Province, Keo Nua in Ha Tinh Province and via the Cha Lo border crossing in Quang Binh Province.
Long-distance bus:Every day buses run back and forth across the border crossings Huu Nghi and Lao Cai on the Vietnamese-Chinese border. Buses run between Vietnam and Laos via Lao Bao. Buses also connect Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam with Phnom Penh in Cambodia.
Arriving by train
There are rail connections to China between Hanoi and Beijing via Lao Cai and Huu Nghi, which go via the Dong Dang border crossing in Lang Son province.
Arrival by ship
The largest ports are Ho Chi Minh City, Saigon, Nha Trang, Vung Tau, Haiphong, Da Nang and Ben Thuy.
There are regular shipping connections to Hong Kong, Singapore and Japan.
The following cruise lines call at the largest ports in Vietnam: Star Cruises (Internet: www.starcruises.com) and Crystal Cruises (Internet: www.crystalcruises.com).