Vietnam Travel Overview

Vietnam Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Hanoi (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Vietnamese

Currency: Đồng

Continent: South East Asia

Vacation Vietnam

Marvel at the rock formations of Halong Bay and take the bus to the northern plateau to hike between rice plantations. After the war in the 1970s, Vietnam is increasingly being discovered as a tourist destination.

Location and climate

According to Countryaah, Vietnam offers many travel options, especially for young tourists, individual tourists and backpackers. The country is located in Southeast Asia, a region which includes Thailand, the Philippines, East Timor, Brunei and the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago, the latter politically belonging to India. It borders China, Laos, Cambodia, and the South China Sea. The Mekong Delta is located in Vietnam. The Mekong is considered to be the connecting element of Southeast Asia and is definitely worth a trip.
Vietnam has a north-south expansion and its height differencestwo climate zones. The south has a tropical climate, while the north is sub-tropical. The rainy season lasts from June to October and has its peak in September.

History and security

After the Vietnam War, the country cut itself off from the West. In the mid-1980s, it relaxed its entry requirements towards the capitalist world. The area has largely been cleared of war material, unlike in Laos, for example. The real safety risk when traveling in Vietnam is not duds, but road traffic ! Unfortunately, Vietnam leads in the ranking of road deaths worldwide. You should seriously consider taking a rental car with a chauffeur, the surcharge is affordable and advisable due to the heavy traffic – especially in the cities.

Culture and highlights

Bus companies offer a special way of traveling in Vietnam. Buy an open tour, also called an open bus ticket. This ticket allows you to travel on several bus routes across the country for 25 euros. The company works according to the motto: “To maximize the satisfaction of various needs of the traveler.”
Once on the bus you visit the highlands and the Mekong Delta. The Mekong rises in Tibet and flows through China, Burma, Thailand and Laos and finally in In any case, they should go to Halong Bay, which was not only the location for a film by a British spy, but is also included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
As is typical for the region, the food is characterized by rice. In the vicinity of the China Sea also by seafood. The catchment area of ​​the Mekong is called “the vegetable garden of the world”. The menu of the region is usually always characterized by a wide variety of fresher ones.

Important facts

Capital: Hanoi

Official language: Vietnamese


Currency (sub-unit)

Đồng (10 Hào = 100 Xu)

ISO 4217 code

VND / 704


Continent: Asia

Region: Southeast

Geo coordinates: N 14 ° 3 ’30 ” E 108 ° 16′ 37.9″

Highest mountain: Ngoc Linh (3,143 m)

Total area: 329,560 km²

Mainland: 325,360 km²

National border: 4,639 km

Coastline: 3,444 km


Dependency: France until 1945

UN member since: 1977

Form of government: Socialist republic


Vietnam GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Rice, corn, tea, wood

BSP: $ 51.986.7 million

GDP: $ 53.729 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 241.3 billion

Economic growth: 8.8%

GDP share of agriculture: 19.6%

GDP share of industry: 42%

GDP share of services: 38.4%

Inflation rate: 7.8%

Unemployment: 2.7%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 51.4%

Export: $ 38.46 billion

Import: $ 41,709,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 23.84 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 10,274,000,000

Electricity consumption: 57,000 million KWh

Gas reserves: 192,600 million m³

Gas production: 7,347 million m³

Gas consumption: 7,347 million m³

Oil reserves: 600 million m³

Oil production: 416,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 232,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 27.22%

Bovine: 3,758,000 pieces

Pigs: 24,262,000 pieces

Fishing: 1,650,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 84,403,000

Residents in cities: 20,240,000

Average age: 25.9 years

0-14 years: 27%

15-64 years: 67.1%

> 65 years: 5.9%

Population growth: 1.02%

Birth rate: 16.86 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 6.22 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.42 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.98

Fertility: 1.91 children / woman

Infant mortality: 25.14 ‰

Life expectancy men: 68.05 years

Life expectancy women: 73.85 years

Country codes

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: VN

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: VNM

ISO 3166 numeric: 704

Top Level Domain: vn

IOC country code: VIE


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 5,060,000

Cell Phones: 5,044,000

Radios: 9,170,000

TV: 18,230,000

Computer: 1,270,000

Internet users: 4,630,000


Railway lines: 2,600 km

Paved roads: 43,675 km

Cars: 742,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 267

Pipelines: 1,149


Number of doctors: 46,240

Daily food intake: 2,580 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 350,000


Illiteracy: 9%


Foundation: 208 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1945 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Buddhists


Prison inmates: 59,200


Armed forces (troop strength): 484,000

Main battle tank: 1,210

Battleships: 6th

Submarines: 2

Warplanes: 190

Defense Spending: $ 1,283,200,000


Arriving by plane

Vietnam’s national airline is called Vietnam Airlines (VN) (Internet: Vietnam Airlines flies six times a week from Frankfurt aM non-stop to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) as well as from Vienna and Zurich non-stop to Ho Chi Minh City.
Ho Chi Minh City is served by Lufthansa (LH) twice a week. Usually you can reach Vietnam via Bangkok, Manila or Singapore.
Air France (AF) flies non-stop three times a week without stopping from Paris-CDG to Ho Chi Minh City and twice to Hanoi. The elimination of stopovers in Bangkok reduces travel time by up to three hours and 20 minutes.
China Airlines (CI) (Internet: flies three times a week from Frankfurt / M. via Taipei to Hanoi.

Departure fee

US $ 14 (Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi), US $ 8 (Da Nang). Fees can be paid in US dollars or dong.

Arrival by car

There are road connections from Vietnam to China including the Huu Nghi border crossing in Lang Son province, which is 17 km from Lang Son City, the Lao Cai border crossing in the province of the same name and the Mong Cai border crossing in Quang Ninh province.
Road connections from Vietnam to Cambodia lead via the Moc Bai and Sa Mat border crossings in Tay Ninh Province and via the Tinh Bien border crossing in An Giang Province. You drive to
Laos via the border crossings Lao Bao in Quang Tri Province, Na Meo in Thanh Hoa Province, Nam Can in Nghe An Province, Keo Nua in Ha Tinh Province and via the Cha Lo border crossing in Quang Binh Province.
Long-distance bus:Every day buses run back and forth across the border crossings Huu Nghi and Lao Cai on the Vietnamese-Chinese border. Buses run between Vietnam and Laos via Lao Bao. Buses also connect Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam with Phnom Penh in Cambodia.

Arriving by train

There are rail connections to China between Hanoi and Beijing via Lao Cai and Huu Nghi, which go via the Dong Dang border crossing in Lang Son province.

Arrival by ship

The largest ports are Ho Chi Minh City, Saigon, Nha Trang, Vung Tau, Haiphong, Da Nang and Ben Thuy.
There are regular shipping connections to Hong Kong, Singapore and Japan.
The following cruise lines call at the largest ports in Vietnam: Star Cruises (Internet: and Crystal Cruises (Internet: