Venezuela Travel Overview
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Bolívar Fuerte
Continent: South-South America
Tango and the Caribbean in South America
Venezuela has a lot to offer. Above all, it is one thing: huge! In the north the state is Caribbean and in the south it borders on the Andes.
According to Countryaah, the country in the north of South America offers some natural beauties. It shares its national borders with Colombia, Brazil, Guyana, the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Venezuela is home to Angel Fall, the world’s tallest waterfall! In addition to these and other natural spectacles, Venezuela offers enough space for a beach holiday, as its south coast borders the warm sea of the Caribbean.
The country became famous for the tango and its wide legacy of the Inca culture. Have you ever considered taking a Spanish course? Then Venezuela is a safe destination as the country’s Spanish is easy to understand.
Apart from many culinary delicacies such as the arepas – a variant of tortillas typical of the country – there is a wide variety of cigars and chocolates in Venezuela, but rum lovers will not go empty-handed either.
Official language: Spanish
Bolívar Fuerte (100 céntimos)
ISO 4217 code
VEF / 937
Continent: South America
Geo coordinates: N 6 ° 25 ‘25.5 ” W -66 ° -35’ -23″
Highest mountain: Pico Boliwar (5,007 m)
Total area: 912,050 km²
Mainland: 882,050 km²
National border: 4,993 km
Coastline: 2,800 km
Dependency: Spain until 1811
UN member since: 1945
Other political affiliation: Organization of American States
Form of government: Presidential Democracy
Houses of Parliament: National assembly, one-chamber system
Party system: Multi-party system
State building: federal
Political culture: Civic culture
Particularities: CPI point value 2.3
Export goods: Petroleum, iron ore, coffee
BSP: $ 131,448,000,000
GDP: $ 132.578 billion
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 161.720 billion
Economic growth: 6.8%
GDP share of agriculture: 4%
GDP share of industry: 42.4%
GDP share of services: 53.6%
Inflation rate: 12.6%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 31.7%
Export: $ 59.47 billion
Import: $ 32.820 billion
Foreign debt: $ 43,230,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 33,090,000,000
Electricity consumption: 92,560 million KWh
Gas reserves: 4,191,000 million m³
Gas production: 27,200 million m³
Gas consumption: 27,200 million m³
Oil reserves: 75,590 million m³
Oil production: 3,370,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 563,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 3.69%
Bovine: 14,180,000 pieces
Pigs: 5,880,000 pieces
Fishing: 380,000 t
Residents in cities: 22,140,000
Minorities: 3-5% Africans, 1.5% Indians
Average age: 26 years
0-14 years: 29.1%
15-64 years: 65.7%
> 65 years: 5.2%
Population growth: 1.38%
Birth rate: 18.72 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 4.92 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 1.02
Fertility: 2.23 children / woman
Infant mortality: 21.54 ‰
Life expectancy men: 71.49 years
Life expectancy women: 77.81 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: VE
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: VEN
ISO 3166 numeric: 862
Top Level Domain: ve
IOC country code: VEN
UN / LOCODE: VE
Telephone connections: 3,172,000
Cell Phones: 7,542,000
Internet users: 2,280,000
Railway lines: 682 km
Paved roads: 38,026 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 56
Number of doctors: 50,320
Daily food intake: 2,360 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 160,000
Last sovereign since: 1811
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: 96% Roman Catholic, 2% Protestant
Prison inmates: 21,800
Armed forces (troop strength): 83,000
Main battle tank: 80
Defense Spending: $ 1,684,400,000
Arriving by plane
Venezuela’s airlines Aeropostal (Alas de Venezuela) (VH) (Internet: www.aeropostal.com) connects Venezuela with destinations in the USA, the Caribbean and South America. British Airways (BA) and United Airlines (UA) offer flight connections from Europe to Venezuela.
The TAM South American Airpass is valid on all routes of the participating airlines within Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile (with the exception of Easter Island), Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. The participating airline is: TAM (JJ). The pass is valid for stays of a minimum of 7 and a maximum of 45 days and is only available to passengers who are resident outside of South America in conjunction with an international round-trip ticket. A minimum of 2 and a maximum of 5 countries must be visited. A maximum of 8 flight coupons are allowed (9 if Iguazú is being flown to), with a maximum of 2 flight interruptions (stopovers) per country. The flight route must be specified in the ticket and firmly reserved. Flights may be rebooked, but the flight route may not be changed. Children under 12 years of age receive a 25% discount, infants under 2 years of age (without their own seat) 90% discount.
The Oneworld Visit South America Pass is valid on routes operated by participating airlinesAmerican Airlines, British Airways, LAN, Qatar Airwaysas well as the associated airlines within South America in the following countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. Applicable only to passengers residing outside of South America. Valid for a maximum of 6 months from arrival in South America. The Airpass includes at least 3 coupons. The number of coupons is not limited. A coupon is required for each section of the route. The stopovers are limited to the number of coupons purchased. Children from 2 years of age: no discount. Infants under 2 years of age are free (no seat occupancy). The reservation of the entire route must be made before departure or the ticket is issued. A fee will be charged for each route change or change in the flight date. Cancellation fees: Refunds before departure, No reimbursement after departure. Purchase of tickets / issue before departure in Germany.
23,500 Bs / 55 US $, included in the ticket price. Transit passengers as well as children and young people under the age of 15 are exempt.
Arrival by car
Connecting roads lead from Colombia (Barranquilla and Medellín) to Maracaibo and from the Brazilian Amazon region (Manaus) to Caracas.
Arriving by train
No international rail connections.
Arrival by ship
The largest ports are La Guaira, Puerto Cabello, Maracaibo, Guanta, Porlamar and Ciudad Bolívar (on the Orinoco).
One of the largest shipping lines calling at Venezuela is Hapag Lloyd (Internet: www.hlkf.de). South America cruises can also be undertaken with Cunard (Internet: www.cunard.com) and AIDA (Internet: www.aida.de).
Port fee on departure.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
The best means of transport is the plane, almost every major city is served by the domestic airlines Aeropostal (Alas de Venezuela) (VH).
Note on air travel
On the way by car / bus
The road network between the larger cities is very good.
Bus: There are some overland connections.
Rental cars are available at airports and in major cities, but prices are high. The minimum age is 21 years and the car must be paid for by credit card. An identity card or passport must also be presented. Documentation: international driver’s license.
Traveling in the city
The subway (Internet: www.metrodecaracas.com.ve) is convenient and inexpensive to get to in Caracas. Valencia also has a subway. The Por Puestos (shared taxis) compete with the public bus network. They are operated by minibus companies and have now developed into the main means of transport in the larger cities (with the exception of evenings and weekends, the same fares as for the buses). Taxisin Caracas have taximeters, but the fare can be negotiated in advance. After midnight the meter is no longer used and the fare should be agreed in advance. After 8 p.m. double the fare. The taxi fares are posted at the airport.
On the go by train
The rail network in Venezuela is still underdeveloped and should therefore not be included in travel plans. There are train connections between Caracas and Charallave. Rail connections from Barquisimeto to Puerto Cabello and from Yaritagua via Acarigua to Turen have been shut down for renovation work. The Naguanagua – Cagua line is under construction.
On the way by ship
Ferries run between Puerto La Cruz and Margarita Island (travel time 2 hours 45 minutes).