United Kingdom Travel Overview

United Kingdom Travel Overview

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Important facts

Capital: London

Official language: English

Currency: Pounds 1GBP = 1.18EUR

Continent: Northern Europe

England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

According to Countryaah, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the largest island nation in Europe and consists of the formerly independent states of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and several overseas territories.

England is the largest part of Great Britain and occupies the entire south of the island. Great Britain is separated from mainland Europe by the English Channel. It can therefore be reached either by plane or ship. England has only been accessible by train through the Eurotunnel since 1994. The Channel Tunnel is a 50-kilometer-long railway tunnel under the English Channel between Folkestone in Kent (United Kingdom) and Coquelles near Calais (France).

City flight to London

London is particularly suitable for a city break. There are many attractions to discover here, such as Trafalgar Square, the Tower of London, Big Ben, London Eye, St. Paul’s Cathedral, Westminster Abbey and much more. London and its sights are probably best explored with a city tour in a Routemaster, London’s famous red double-decker bus.

London is the capital of England and is right on the River Themes. The world-famous Tower Bridge, a bascule bridge in neo-Gothic style, also leads over this. This is also the seat of the government and that of the Queen. The Queen’s official residence is Buckingham Palace. Buckingham Palace is guarded by the Grade in Red Unforms with the famous black bearskin hat. A special attraction for tourists on vacation in London is the changing of the guard.

The Madame Tussauds wax museum

Madame Tussauds is known worldwide. It is a wax museum in which realistic wax figures of important people from the past and present, such as politicians, athletes, film stars, etc. are exhibited. If you are on holiday in London, you should definitely not miss a visit to Madame Tussauds.

The speaker’s corner

A special highlight on a vacation in London is a visit to Speaker’s Corner in Hyde Park. The Speaker’s Corner is a meeting place where anyone can give a speech on any topic to people passing by, who often even gather around the speaker, without registering.

More city breaks

Besides London there are also many other cities to visit in England. For example the port cities of Liverpool, Manchester or Bristol.

Cornwall and Devon

If you prefer to spend your vacation in a quieter area, the coast of England is ideal. Here Cornwall and Devon are primarily very popular holiday destinations. Cornwall impresses with its untouched landscape, its cliffs, its fine sandy beaches and the mild climate.

Language holidays in England

Since English is the most widely spoken language in industrialized countries around the world, thousands of schoolchildren, students and adults come to language holidays every year. Popular places for student exchange programs are London, Eastbourne or Brighton. The pupils are accommodated with host families and regularly take part in intensive courses in English.

Important facts

Alternative name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Capital: London

Official language: English

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Pound (100 pence)

ISO 4217 code

GBP / 826

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: North

Geo coordinates: N 55 ° 22 ’41 ” W -3 ° -26′ -9.5″

Highest mountain: Ben Nevis (1,343 m)

Total area: 244,820 km²

Mainland: 241,590 km²

National border: 360 km

Coastline: 12,429 km

Politics

Dependency: independent since foundation

Dependent states: Anguilla since 1650
Barbados since 1966
Bermuda since 1612
Falkland Islands since 1852
Guernsey since 1066
Gibraltar since 1704
Isle of Man since 1765
British Indian Ocean Territory since 1814
Jersey since 1066
Cayman Islands since 1670
Montserrat since 1632
Maldives since 1965
St. Helena since 1673
Turks and Caicos Islands since 1766
British Virgin Islands since 1672

Formerly dependent states: United Arab Emirates until 1971
Afghanistan until 1919
Antigua and Barbuda until 1981
Australia until 1901
Bahrain until 1971
Brunei Darussalam until 1984
Bahamas until 1973
Botswana until 1966
Belize until 1981
Canada until 1931
Cyprus until 1960
Dominica until 1978
Egypt until 1922
Fiji until 1970
Grenada until 1974
Ghana until 1957
Gambia until 1965
Guyana until 1966
Ireland until 1922
Israel until 1948 (mandate)
India until 1947
Iraq until 1932
Iran until 1923
Jamaica until 1962
Jordan until 1946 (mandate)
Kenya until 1963
Kiribati until 1979
St. Kitts and Nevis until 1983
Kuwait until 1961
St. Lucia until 1979
Sri Lanka until 1948
Lesotho until 1966
Myanmar until 1948
Malta until 1964
Mauritius until 1968
Malawi until 1964
Malaysia until 1957
Nigeria until 1960
Nauru until 1968 (mandate)
New Zealand until 1907
Pakistan until 1947
Qatar until 1971
Saudi Arabia until 1932
Solomon Islands until 1978
Seychelles until 1976
Sudan until 1956
Sierra Leone until 1961
Somalia until 1960
Swaziland until 1968
Tonga until 1970 (protectorate)
Trinidad and Tobago until 1962
Tuvalu until 1978
Tanzania, United Republic until 1964 (UNO mandate)
Uganda until 1962
United States of America until 1776
St. Vincent and the Grenadines until 1979
Vanuatu until 1980
South Africa until 1910
Zambia until 196
Zimbabwe until 1980

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: European Union since 1973

Form of government: Constitutional monarchy

Houses of Parliament: bikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized

Political culture: Civic culture

Particularities: Presidency Commonwealth

Economy

united kingdom GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Metal goods, vehicles, machines, textiles

BSP: $ 2,187,564,000,000

GDP: $ 2,196,487,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 1,890,000,000,000

Economic growth: 2.1%

GDP share of agriculture: 0.6%

GDP share of industry: 24.2%

GDP share of services: 75.2%

Inflation rate: 2%

Unemployment: 4.6%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 45.6%

Export: $ 413.1 billion

Import: $ 521.5 billion

Foreign debt: $ 7,297,000,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 49.420 billion

Electricity consumption: 354,800 million KWh

Gas reserves: 628,600 million m³

Gas production: 94,900 million m³

Gas consumption: 88,180 million m³

Oil reserves: 24,500 million m³

Oil production: 2,698,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 1,761,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 23.16%

Bovine: 10,510,000 pieces

Pigs: 5,738,000 pieces

Sheep: 34,600,000 pieces

Fishing: 470,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 60,609,200

Residents in cities: 54,105,000

Minorities: Indian, Pakistan, RC, ZYP

Average age: 39.3 years

0-14 years: 17.5%

15-64 years: 66.8%

> 65 years: 15.7%

Population growth: 0.28%

Birth rate: 10.71 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 10.13 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 2.18 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.98

Fertility: 1.66 children / woman

Infant mortality: 5.08 ‰

Life expectancy men: 76.09 years

Life expectancy women: 81.13 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: GB

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: GBR

ISO 3166 numeric: 826

Top Level Domain: uk

IOC country code: GBR

UN / LOCODE: GB

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 35,447,000

Cell Phones: 52,670,000

Radios: 85,280,000

TV: 40,040,000

Computer: 30,040,000

Internet users: 26,457,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 17,156 km

Paved roads: 398,333 km

of which expressways: 3,708 km

Cars: 28,187,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 449

Pipelines: 32,832

Health

Number of doctors: 110,430

Daily food intake: 3,460 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 65,000

Education

Illiteracy: 1 %

History

Foundation: 1066

Last sovereign since: 1066

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Crime

Prison inmates: 83,400

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 210,000

Main battle tank: 600

Battleships: 41

Submarines: 17

Warplanes: 560

Helicopter: 300

Nuclear warheads: 200

Defense Spending: $ 52,886,700,000