Ukraine Travel Overview

Ukraine Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Kiev

Official language: Ukrainian

Currency: Hryvnia

Continent: Eastern Europe

Vacation in Ukraine

Bears, wilderness and the Crimea – discover the granary of the former Soviet Union

Location

According to Countryaah, Ukraine is in Eastern Europe. It borders on Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova, on Belarus and on Russia. In the south, the Black Sea forms a natural border.

Nature

Ukraine is largely agricultural. Infinitely wide fields of wheat replace each other. A different experience opens up to you when you drive south and hike through the Carpathian Mountains on foot, because there are the world’s oldest and largest red beech forests. Since 2007 these have also been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Askania nature reserve doesn’t seem European at all. Or do you know anywhere else in Europe where turtles, snakes, camels, monkeys and African ostriches live side by side in the wild ?

Worth seeing

The Crimean peninsula has been the recreational area and vacation destination of rich Russians for centuries. It is famous not only for the sparkling wine that is pressed on the island, but also for the access to the Black Sea that invites you to swim.

Tip

You can start a Danube cruise in Ukraine, so you can get to Romania in the Danube Delta at a leisurely pace. From there you can take the ferry back to Odessa.

Important facts

Capital: Kiev

Official language: Ukrainian

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Hryvnia (100 kopecks)

ISO 4217 code

UAH / 980

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: east

Geo coordinates: N 48 ° 22 ’46 ” E 31 ° 9′ 56.1″

Highest mountain: Hora Hoverla (2,061 m)

Total area: 603,700 km²

Mainland: 600,300 km²

National border: 4,663 km

Coastline: 2,782 km

Politics

Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: CIS

Form of government: Presidential Republic

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized state structure

Political culture: Subject culture

Particularities: Autonomous Republic of Crimea

Economy

Ukraine GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Uranium, iron ore, coal, lead

BSP: $ 79.486 billion

GDP: $ 77.829 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 381.9 billion

GDP share of agriculture: 18.4%

GDP share of industry: 46.3%

GDP share of services: 35.3%

Inflation rate: 16.2%

Unemployment: 2.8%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 16.2%

Export: $ 45.74 billion

Import: $ 44,350,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 22.26 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 27.210 billion

Electricity consumption: 186,400 million KWh

Gas reserves: 1,121,000 million m³

Gas production: 21,300 million m³

Gas consumption: 78,400 million m³

Oil reserves: 395 million m³

Oil production: 91,500 million m³

Oil consumption: 511,300 million m³

Cultivation area: 55.18%

Bovine: 9,169,000 pieces

Pigs: 8,134,000 pieces

Sheep: 1,960,000 pieces

Fishing: 366,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 46.710.800

Residents in cities: 31,683,800

Minorities: Russians, Romanians

Average age: 39.2 years

0-14 years: 14.1%

15-64 years: 69.3%

> 65 years: 16.6%

Population growth: -0.6%

Birth rate: 8.82 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 14.39 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.43 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.86

Fertility: 1.17 children / woman

Infant mortality: 9.9 ‰

Life expectancy men: 64.71 years

Life expectancy women: 75.59 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: UA

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: UKR

ISO 3166 numeric: 804

Top Level Domain: among others

IOC country code: UKR

UN / LOCODE: UA

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 11,230,000

Cell Phones: 10,080,000

Radios: 44,200,000

TV: 25,870,000

Computer: 1,660,000

Internet users: 2,770,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 22,473 km

Paved roads: 165,776 km

of which expressways: 33 km

Cars: 5,503,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 202

Pipelines: 28,778

Health

Number of doctors: 176,440

Daily food intake: 3,040 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 400,000

Education

History

Foundation: 988

Last sovereign since: 1991

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: orth. Christians & Catholics

Crime

Prison inmates: 196,400

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 292,000

Main battle tank: 3,790

Battleships: 3

Submarines: 1

Warplanes: 440

Helicopter: 390

Defense Spending: $ 708,400,000

GETTING THERE

Arriving by plane

Ukraine International Airlines (PS) (Internet: www.flyUIA.com) operates direct flight services from Düsseldorf, Frankfurt / M. and Munich to Kiev and Lviv, from Berlin-Tegel to Kiev and direct flights from Vienna and Zurich. In codeshare with Air Berlin (AB) there are feeder flights from Berlin (Tegel) and Hamburg to flights from Frankfurt and from Düsseldorf, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Nuremberg and Karlsruhe to flights from Berlin-Tegel.

Lufthansa (LH) flies Kiev from Frankfurt / M. and from Munich. There is also a regular connection from Munich to Lviv. The third city that Lufthansa flies to regularly is Donetsk.

Austrian Airlines (OS)operates daily flight services from Vienna to Kiev and flies regularly from Vienna to Donetsk and Lvov.

Flight times

Berlin – Kiev: 2 hours 25 minutes; Frankfurt – Kiev: 2 hours 30 minutes; Vienna – Kiev: 1 hour 55 minutes; Zurich – Kiev: 3 hours; London – Kiev: 3 hours 30 minutes; Moscow – Kiev: 1 hour 15 min.

Arrival by car

The road network covers over 170,000 km, almost 30,000 km of which are motorways / main roads. The most important border crossing points are Chelm / Poland – Kyiv, Przemysl / Poland – Mostiska (when traveling from northern Germany via Poland), Vysné Nemecké / Slovak Republic – Uzhgorod (when traveling from southern Germany and Austria via the Slovak Republic) and Zahony / Hungary – Tschop (when traveling from southern Germany and Austria via Hungary).
Information about required documents and traffic regulations s. Tourist traffic – national. Long-

Distance bus: Flixbus (Internet: www.flixbus.at) connects Austria with the Ukraine and Eurolines (Internet: www.eurolines.de) travels from Germany to Ukraine.

Arriving by train

Most cities are connected to the rail network (over 22,000 km). From Kiev you can drive to all other former member states of the Soviet Union. The travel time from Kiev to Moscow is 16 hours, to St. Petersburg about 36 hours. Direct connections from Odessa to Bratislava (Slovak Republic), Bucharest (Romania), Budapest (Hungary), Prague (Czech Republic), Moscow (Russian Federation, Vilnius (Lithuania), Riga (Latvia), Wroclaw and Warsaw (Poland), Vienna and Berlin (travel time from Berlin to Kiev: 24 hours; early booking recommended).

Arrival by ship

The Danube (Internet: www.danube-river.org) connects Ukraine with the Danube countries. The Black Sea port of Odessa and the Danube port of Ismail are the most important port cities. Connections to the Russian ports of Novorossiysk and Sochi as well as to Batumi and Sukhumi in Georgia.

There are ferry connections of the UKRFerry Shipping Company (Internet: www.ukrferry.com) from Odessa to Istanbul, among others.

Cruise ships of Aida (website: www.aida.de) call at Odessa and Yalta as part of their Black and Mediterranean tours. Most cruises calling at Yalta leave from Turkish, Bulgarian or Romanian ports. However, Yalta is also the departure port of various cruises. Warning: It is currently prohibited for European cruise ships to dock in ports in Crimea.

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