Ukraine Travel Overview
Official language: Ukrainian
Continent: Eastern Europe
Vacation in Ukraine
Bears, wilderness and the Crimea – discover the granary of the former Soviet Union
According to Countryaah, Ukraine is in Eastern Europe. It borders on Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova, on Belarus and on Russia. In the south, the Black Sea forms a natural border.
Ukraine is largely agricultural. Infinitely wide fields of wheat replace each other. A different experience opens up to you when you drive south and hike through the Carpathian Mountains on foot, because there are the world’s oldest and largest red beech forests. Since 2007 these have also been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Askania nature reserve doesn’t seem European at all. Or do you know anywhere else in Europe where turtles, snakes, camels, monkeys and African ostriches live side by side in the wild ?
The Crimean peninsula has been the recreational area and vacation destination of rich Russians for centuries. It is famous not only for the sparkling wine that is pressed on the island, but also for the access to the Black Sea that invites you to swim.
You can start a Danube cruise in Ukraine, so you can get to Romania in the Danube Delta at a leisurely pace. From there you can take the ferry back to Odessa.
Official language: Ukrainian
Hryvnia (100 kopecks)
ISO 4217 code
UAH / 980
Geo coordinates: N 48 ° 22 ’46 ” E 31 ° 9′ 56.1″
Highest mountain: Hora Hoverla (2,061 m)
Total area: 603,700 km²
Mainland: 600,300 km²
National border: 4,663 km
Coastline: 2,782 km
Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991
UN member since: 1945
Other political affiliation: CIS
Form of government: Presidential Republic
Houses of Parliament: unikameral
Party system: Multi-party system
State building: centralized state structure
Political culture: Subject culture
Particularities: Autonomous Republic of Crimea
Export goods: Uranium, iron ore, coal, lead
BSP: $ 79.486 billion
GDP: $ 77.829 billion
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 381.9 billion
GDP share of agriculture: 18.4%
GDP share of industry: 46.3%
GDP share of services: 35.3%
Inflation rate: 16.2%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 16.2%
Export: $ 45.74 billion
Import: $ 44,350,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 22.26 billion
Gold and currency reserves: $ 27.210 billion
Electricity consumption: 186,400 million KWh
Gas reserves: 1,121,000 million m³
Gas production: 21,300 million m³
Gas consumption: 78,400 million m³
Oil reserves: 395 million m³
Oil production: 91,500 million m³
Oil consumption: 511,300 million m³
Cultivation area: 55.18%
Bovine: 9,169,000 pieces
Pigs: 8,134,000 pieces
Sheep: 1,960,000 pieces
Fishing: 366,000 t
Residents in cities: 31,683,800
Minorities: Russians, Romanians
Average age: 39.2 years
0-14 years: 14.1%
15-64 years: 69.3%
> 65 years: 16.6%
Population growth: -0.6%
Birth rate: 8.82 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 14.39 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -0.43 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.86
Fertility: 1.17 children / woman
Infant mortality: 9.9 ‰
Life expectancy men: 64.71 years
Life expectancy women: 75.59 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: UA
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: UKR
ISO 3166 numeric: 804
Top Level Domain: among others
IOC country code: UKR
UN / LOCODE: UA
Telephone connections: 11,230,000
Cell Phones: 10,080,000
Internet users: 2,770,000
Railway lines: 22,473 km
Paved roads: 165,776 km
of which expressways: 33 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 202
Number of doctors: 176,440
Daily food intake: 3,040 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 400,000
Last sovereign since: 1991
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: orth. Christians & Catholics
Prison inmates: 196,400
Armed forces (troop strength): 292,000
Main battle tank: 3,790
Defense Spending: $ 708,400,000
Arriving by plane
Ukraine International Airlines (PS) (Internet: www.flyUIA.com) operates direct flight services from Düsseldorf, Frankfurt / M. and Munich to Kiev and Lviv, from Berlin-Tegel to Kiev and direct flights from Vienna and Zurich. In codeshare with Air Berlin (AB) there are feeder flights from Berlin (Tegel) and Hamburg to flights from Frankfurt and from Düsseldorf, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Nuremberg and Karlsruhe to flights from Berlin-Tegel.
Lufthansa (LH) flies Kiev from Frankfurt / M. and from Munich. There is also a regular connection from Munich to Lviv. The third city that Lufthansa flies to regularly is Donetsk.
Austrian Airlines (OS)operates daily flight services from Vienna to Kiev and flies regularly from Vienna to Donetsk and Lvov.
Berlin – Kiev: 2 hours 25 minutes; Frankfurt – Kiev: 2 hours 30 minutes; Vienna – Kiev: 1 hour 55 minutes; Zurich – Kiev: 3 hours; London – Kiev: 3 hours 30 minutes; Moscow – Kiev: 1 hour 15 min.
Arrival by car
The road network covers over 170,000 km, almost 30,000 km of which are motorways / main roads. The most important border crossing points are Chelm / Poland – Kyiv, Przemysl / Poland – Mostiska (when traveling from northern Germany via Poland), Vysné Nemecké / Slovak Republic – Uzhgorod (when traveling from southern Germany and Austria via the Slovak Republic) and Zahony / Hungary – Tschop (when traveling from southern Germany and Austria via Hungary).
Information about required documents and traffic regulations s. Tourist traffic – national. Long-
Distance bus: Flixbus (Internet: www.flixbus.at) connects Austria with the Ukraine and Eurolines (Internet: www.eurolines.de) travels from Germany to Ukraine.
Arriving by train
Most cities are connected to the rail network (over 22,000 km). From Kiev you can drive to all other former member states of the Soviet Union. The travel time from Kiev to Moscow is 16 hours, to St. Petersburg about 36 hours. Direct connections from Odessa to Bratislava (Slovak Republic), Bucharest (Romania), Budapest (Hungary), Prague (Czech Republic), Moscow (Russian Federation, Vilnius (Lithuania), Riga (Latvia), Wroclaw and Warsaw (Poland), Vienna and Berlin (travel time from Berlin to Kiev: 24 hours; early booking recommended).
Arrival by ship
The Danube (Internet: www.danube-river.org) connects Ukraine with the Danube countries. The Black Sea port of Odessa and the Danube port of Ismail are the most important port cities. Connections to the Russian ports of Novorossiysk and Sochi as well as to Batumi and Sukhumi in Georgia.
There are ferry connections of the UKRFerry Shipping Company (Internet: www.ukrferry.com) from Odessa to Istanbul, among others.
Cruise ships of Aida (website: www.aida.de) call at Odessa and Yalta as part of their Black and Mediterranean tours. Most cruises calling at Yalta leave from Turkish, Bulgarian or Romanian ports. However, Yalta is also the departure port of various cruises. Warning: It is currently prohibited for European cruise ships to dock in ports in Crimea.