Turkey Travel Overview

Turkey Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Ankara (See more on ITYPEJOB.COM)

Official language: Turkish

Currency: Lira 1TRY = 0.15EUR

Continent: West Asia

Holidays in Turkey

According to Countryaah, the Turkey extends to the two continents Asia and Europe. The largest city is Istanbul, which also stretches across the two continents. The selection of sights in Istanbul is very large. For example, we recommend visiting the Blue Mosque, the Hippodrum or the ” Hagia Sophia ” mosque.

Beach vacation in Turkey

The Turkish Riviera and the Turkish Aegean Sea are particularly popular with tourists who want to use their vacation in Turkey to swim.

The Turkish Riviera stretches for about 120 km on the south coast from Antalya to Cape Anamur. The Turkish Riviera is particularly suitable for a holiday by the sea, because you will find clear water, beautiful beaches and small boats that sail from bay to bay along the coast. The most popular places for a vacation on the Turkish Riviera are Antalya, Side, Alanya and Belek.

The Turkish Aegean Sea is ideal for a seaside holiday with its sandy beaches, warm climate, sports facilities and diverse nightlife. In addition, there are also a variety of sightseeing options, because one of the most important archaeological sites is located on the coast – the remains of the city of Troy. But you can also visit the remains of other historical cities, such as Ephesus or Pergamon.

Important facts

Capital: Ankara

Official language: Turkish


Currency (sub-unit)

Lira (100 Kurus)

ISO 4217 code

TRY / 949


Continent: Asia

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 38 ° 57 ‘49.5 “E 35 ° 14’ 36”

Highest mountain: Mount Ararat (5,166 m)

Total area: 780,580 km²

Mainland: 770,760 km²

National border: 2,627 km

Coastline: 7,200 km


Dependency: Ottoman Empire until 1923

Formerly dependent states: Romania until 1881

UN member since: 1945

Form of government: Presidential Democracy

Houses of Parliament: Unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized

Political culture: Subject culture> civic culture


turkey GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Cotton, tobacco, fruits

BSP: $ 347,664,000,000

GDP: $ 353.782 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 634 billion

Economic growth: 6.1%

GDP share of agriculture: 11.4%

GDP share of industry: 30.2%

GDP share of services: 58.4%

Inflation rate: 6.9%

Unemployment: 9.8%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 66.1%

Export: $ 77,530,000,000

Import: $ 108.4 billion

Foreign debt: $ 182.7 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 59.430 billion

Electricity consumption: 145,900 million KWh

Gas reserves: 8,495 million m³

Gas production: 630 million m³

Gas consumption: 24,010 million m³

Oil reserves: 288 million m³

Oil production: 50,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 744,800 million m³

Cultivation area: 33.37%

Bovine: 10,090,000 pieces

Sheep: 26,500,000 pieces

Fishing: 550,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 70.175.100

Residents in cities: 43,837,000

Minorities: Kurds, Zaza, Alevis

Average age: 28.1 years

0-14 years: 25.5%

15-64 years: 67.7%

> 65 years: 6.8%

Population growth: 1.06%

Birth rate: 16.62 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 5.97 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.02

Fertility: 1.92 children / woman

Infant mortality: 39.69 ‰

Life expectancy men: 70.18 years

Life expectancy women: 75.18 years

Country codes

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: TR

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: DOOR

ISO 3166 numeric: 792

Top Level Domain: tr

IOC country code: DOOR


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 19,020,000

Cell Phones: 37,140,000

Radios: 39,100,000

TV: 36,210,000

Computer: 4,280,000

Internet users: 7,070,000


Railway lines: 8,697 km

Paved roads: 157,666 km

of which expressways: 1,942 km

Cars: 5,046,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 545

Pipelines: 6,739


Number of doctors: 86,090

Daily food intake: 3,380 kcal / resident


Illiteracy: 12%


Foundation: 1298

Last sovereign since: 1923


Main religious group: Muslims

Distribution of religions: 92.6% Muslim


Prison inmates: 68,200


Armed forces (troop strength): 515,000

Main battle tank: 4,230

Battleships: 28

Submarines: 14

Warplanes: 420

Helicopter: 50

Defense Spending: $ 17,664,000,000


Arriving by plane

Turkey’s national airline is called Turkish Airlines (TK) (Internet: www.turkishairlines.com), which flies from Frankfurt, Friedrichshafen, Düsseldorf, Graz, Salzburg and Zurich to Istanbul and Antalya, among others. There are also connections from Frankfurt, Berlin, Hanover, Cologne and Stuttgart to Sabiha Gökcen Airport in Istanbul.

Various airlines offer direct flights to Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, Bodrum, Antalya and Dalaman.

Lufthansa (LH) flies to Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul and Izmir, Austrian Airlines (OS) Ankara, Antalya and Istanbul. Swiss International (LX) flies to Antalya.

Austrian myHoliday (OS) connects Vienna, Innsbruck, Graz and Linz with Antalya, among others.

Tuifly (X3) connects numerous German, Austrian and Swiss cities with Turkey.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Istanbul: 2 hours 45 minutes; Vienna – Istanbul: 2 hours 15 minutes; Zurich – Istanbul: 2 hours 50 minutes

Arrival by car

Car: There are road connections to the countries of the former Soviet Union, Greece, Bulgaria and Iran. The European roads E-80 and E-90 lead via Turkey to Iraq and Iran. The shortest route from Germany (1,800 km) leads through the former Yugoslavia. Another option is to travel from Germany via Austria, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria (approx. 2,100 km). The best way to travel in Italy from Venice or Brindisi is by car ferry.

Long-distance bus:
Eurolines buses (Internet: www.eurolines.com) travel from numerous German cities and from Vienna to Istanbul.

Arriving by train

The Balkan Express runs daily from Munich via Vienna and Sofia (with couchette and sleeping cars) to Istanbul; the travel time is about 40 hours. There is also a train connection from Cologne to Istanbul; part of the route with couchette cars (travel time approx. 45 hours). There are also weekly trains from Vienna and Zurich to Istanbul (journey time approx. 36 and 45 hours). A night train with a sleeping car runs on the Moscow to Istanbul route.

Motorail trains run from German cities to Villach in Austria, from where there is a connection with the motorail trains from Optima-Tours (Internet: www.optimatours.de) to Edirne in Turkey.

Further information is available from DB (Internet: www.bahn.de), ÖBB (Internet: www.oebb.at) and SBB (Internet: www.sbb.ch).

– passes also apply in Turkey. Details see Germany.

Note: Since October 2013, an S-Bahn has been connecting the European part of Istanbul with the Asian part of the city through the Marmaray tunnel below the Bosporus. High-speed trains are scheduled to run through the tunnel by June 2015.

Arrival by ship

Istanbul, Izmir, Mersin, Antalya, Bandirma and Bodrum are the main port cities.

The shipping companies TUI Cruises, Pullman, Royal Caribbean and Celestyal Cruises call at Turkey as part of cruises.

The following ferry connections are available:

North Sea:
Through the Rhine-Danube Canal to the Black Sea. Through the Bosporus it goes to the Marmara Sea and on to the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.

Ferries operate on the routes Venice – Izmir, Venice – Antalya / Marmaris, Venice – Istanbul via Piraeus and Ancona / Brindisi – Çesme.

Greece:From Bodrum there is a car and passenger ferry to the Greek island of Kos. In summer there is a ferry from Kusadasi to the Greek island of Samos, from Ayvalik to Lesbos, from Çesme to Chios, from Bodrum to Kos, from Sömbeki to Datça and from Marmaris to Rhodes.