Tanzania Travel Overview
At a glance
Official language: Kiswahili, English
Continent: East Africa
Land of the Kibo
The highest free-standing mountain and the deepest lake in Africa – in Tanzania geographical contrasts meet.
According to Countryaah, Tanzania is located in East Africa and borders the Indian Ocean. It neighbors Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda and Kenya.
Tanzania is the highlight of many nature enthusiasts and many African travel groups. In Tanzania you will find three geographical records of Africa: the highest free-standing mountain on the continent, the largest lake in Africa and the deepest lake in Africa. In that order, they are Kilimanjaro, Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyuka.
Tanzania also has a lot to offer for those interested in culture. Traditional crafts and traditional dances can be found in many places in Tanzania. Over the years, the country has developed its own carving art.
Official language: Kiswahili, English
Shilling (100 cents)
ISO 4217 code
TZS / 834
Geo coordinates: S -6 ° -22 ‘-8.5 “E 34 ° 53’ 19.8”
Highest mountain: Kilimanjaro (5,895 m)
Total area: 945,087 km²
Mainland: 886,037 km²
National border: 3,402 km
Coastline: 1,424 km
Dependency: Great Britain until 1964 (UN mandate)
UN member since: 1961
Other political affiliation: African Union
Form of government: Presidential Republic
Export goods: Cotton, coffee, sisal
BSP: $ 13.893 billion
GDP: $ 15,083,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 28,930,000,000
GDP share of agriculture: 41.2%
GDP share of industry: 19%
GDP share of services: 39.8%
Inflation rate: 4.6%
State budget revenue: $ 2648 billion
State budget expenditure: $ 2922000000
National debt: 63.2%
Export: $ 1,842,000,000
Import: $ 2,608,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 8.462 million
Gold and currency reserves: $ 2,234,000,000
Electricity consumption: 3,240 million KWh
Gas reserves: 22,650 million m³
Oil consumption: 26,100 million m³
Cultivation area: 5.35%
Bovine: 18,343,000 pieces
Sheep: 3,700,000 pieces
Fishing: 350,000 t
Residents in cities: 8,892,000
Average age: 17.7 years
0-14 years: 43.7%
15-64 years: 53.6%
> 65 years: 2.7%
Population growth: 1.83%
Birth rate: 37.71 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 16.39 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -3.05 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.98
Fertility: 4.97 children / woman
Infant mortality: 96.48 ‰
Life expectancy men: 44.93 years
Life expectancy women: 46.37 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: TZ
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: TZA
ISO 3166 numeric: 834
Top Level Domain: tz
IOC country code: TAN
UN / LOCODE: TZ
Telephone connections: 156,000
Cell Phones: 1,674,000
Internet users: 590,000
Railway lines: 3,690 km
Paved roads: 7,084 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 9
Number of doctors: 1,810
Daily food intake: 2,020 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 1,750,000
Last sovereign since: 1964
Main religious group: Muslims
Prison inmates: 45,000
Armed forces (troop strength): 27,000
Defense Spending: $ 21,900,000
Arriving by plane
Tanzania’s national airline is called Air Tanzania (TC) (Internet: www.airtanzania.com).
Swiss International (LX) flies to Dar es Salaam regularly.
Other airlines that fly to Tanzania are British Airways (BA), Gulf Air (GF), KLM, Emirates (EK), South African Airways (SA), Ethiopian Airways (ET) and Air India (AI).
Arrival by car
Car: Good tarred roads connect Tanzania, Zambia and Kenya. The paved Great North Road leads from Lusaka (Zambia) directly to Dar es Salaam. The overland route via the Kenyan border town of Namanga, which lies between Nairobi in Kenya and Arusha in Tanzania, is used most often. The road connections between Tanzania (due to the lack of bridges over the Ruvuma), Rwanda and Mozambique are extremely poor. Travelers coming from Malawi must cross the Songwe Bridge, southeast of Mbeya, to Tanzania. Travelers from Uganda drive to Tanzania via Mutukula, northwest of Bukoba.
Long-distance bus:There are regular bus connections between Nairobi (Kenya) and Arusha (Tanzania) and there are daily buses between Mombasa (Kenya) and Dar es Salaam (Tanzania). Several times a week buses run between Lilongwe (Malawi) and Dar es Salaam and between Lilongwe, Mzuzu (Malawi) and Mbeya (Tanzania). There are bus connections between Dar es Salaam and Kampala in Uganda.
Arriving by train
Trains of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (Tazara) (Internet: www.trctz.com) run twice a week from Dar es Salaam to Kapiri Mposhi (Zambia), changing at the border. The train has a dining car. From Kigoma and Mwanza you can continue your journey to Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda by ship. The central line runs from Dar es Salaam 1,254 km to the shores of Lake Tanganyika. This is a major rail route for international traffic to Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda, Congo Democratic Republic and Uganda.
Arrival by ship
Passenger and freight lines call at Dar es Salaam. The MS Sepideh operates between Tanzania and Mombasa (Kenya).
On Lake Tanganyika there are ferry connections between Bujumbura (Burundi) and Kigoma, to the Congo (Dem. Rep) and between Mpulungu (Zambia) and Kigoma. There are connections to Kenya and Uganda on Lake Victoria. Travelers from Malawi can take the ferry from Nkhata Bay in Malawi to Mbamba Bay in Tanzania across Lake Nyasa. South of Mtwara, from Kilambo, a ferry connects Tanzania with Mozambique.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
Air Tanzania (TC) and numerous private airlines such as Precision Air (PW) (Internet: www.precisionairtz.com) regularly not only fly to all major cities and vacation spots. The flights are usually reliable, but you should inquire about any changes to the flight plan in an airline office before departure.
All national parks have landing strips. Small aircraft from two charter companies fly to the runways in cities and in the bush.
Note on air travel
On the way by car / bus
A good, weatherproof road network connects all major cities. Side roads are often in poor condition and in the rainy season (April – May) only four-wheel drive vehicles can be used. Night driving should be avoided as one can encounter wild animals, cattle and goats on the road. Signposts are often missing at intersections, which is why you should ask for directions. Spare parts are difficult to find, petrol bottlenecks occur.
Buses connect almost all places and are quite cheap, but rather unreliable. Minibuses (Dala Dalas) also stop in smaller villages. Especially during the rainy season, schedules are not always kept and failures are common.
Rental car: Vehicles without a chauffeur are expensive and rare; vehicles with a chauffeur are recommended. Documents: International driver’s license recommended, the police will issue a temporary driver’s license upon presentation of your own driver’s license.
Traffic regulations: left-hand traffic.
Traveling in the city
There are buses and minibuses in Dar es Salaam; standard fares apply. The buses are often overcrowded and unreliable. Taxis are available in front of the hotels in Dar es Salaam. They have fixed tariffs for trips within the city. In other cities, tariffs should be agreed in advance. Only official taxis should be used. Taxi drivers expect a 10% tip.
On the go by train
Tanzania Railways Corporation (TRC) trains (Internet: www.trctz.com) operate on the central line from Dar es Salaam to Kigoma and Mwanza and along the Kaliua-Mpanda, Tanga-Arusha, Dar es Salaam-Mbeya and Manyoni-Singida lines.
TRC runs daily from Dar es Salaam to Mwanza and Kigoma; The train journeys take days, food is available on the train. Tazara drives to the Zambian border.
There are 3 classes of travel for which reservation in advance is recommended. Trains tend to be overcrowded, but rail officials will help find a seat. You should keep your luggage within sight. Children under 3 years travel free, children between 3 and 11 years receive a 50% discount.
Further information can be obtained from Tanzania Railways Corporation, PO Box 468, Dar es Salaam. Tel: (22) 211 05 99. Fax: (22) 211 65 25.
On the way by ship
There are the following larger lakes in Tanzania: Lake Eyasi, Lake Manyara, Lake Natron, Lake Nyasa, Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria.
A speedboat runs daily in both directions between Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar (journey time 60-90 minutes). There is also a connection from Zanzibar to Pemba. Steamers operate on Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria. There are three classes, 1st class is comfortable and rarely crowded.
The steamers on Lake Victoria connect Bukoba, Mwanza and Musoma; the timetables are not always kept.