Tanzania Travel Overview

Tanzania Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Dodoma

Official language: Kiswahili, English

Currency: Shilling

Continent: East Africa

Land of the Kibo

The highest free-standing mountain and the deepest lake in Africa – in Tanzania geographical contrasts meet.


According to Countryaah, Tanzania is located in East Africa and borders the Indian Ocean. It neighbors Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda and Kenya.

Travel Tanzania

Tanzania is the highlight of many nature enthusiasts and many African travel groups. In Tanzania you will find three geographical records of Africa: the highest free-standing mountain on the continent, the largest lake in Africa and the deepest lake in Africa. In that order, they are Kilimanjaro, Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyuka.

Tanzania also has a lot to offer for those interested in culture. Traditional crafts and traditional dances can be found in many places in Tanzania. Over the years, the country has developed its own carving art.

Important facts

Capital: Dodoma

Official language: Kiswahili, English


Currency (sub-unit)

Shilling (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

TZS / 834


Continent: Africa

Region: east

Geo coordinates: S -6 ° -22 ‘-8.5 “E 34 ° 53’ 19.8”

Highest mountain: Kilimanjaro (5,895 m)

Total area: 945,087 km²

Mainland: 886,037 km²

National border: 3,402 km

Coastline: 1,424 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 1964 (UN mandate)

UN member since: 1961

Other political affiliation: African Union

Form of government: Presidential Republic


Tanzania GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Cotton, coffee, sisal

BSP: $ 13.893 billion

GDP: $ 15,083,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 28,930,000,000

GDP share of agriculture: 41.2%

GDP share of industry: 19%

GDP share of services: 39.8%

Inflation rate: 4.6%

State budget revenue: $ 2648 billion

State budget expenditure: $ 2922000000

National debt: 63.2%

Export: $ 1,842,000,000

Import: $ 2,608,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 8.462 million

Gold and currency reserves: $ 2,234,000,000

Electricity consumption: 3,240 million KWh

Gas reserves: 22,650 million m³

Oil consumption: 26,100 million m³

Cultivation area: 5.35%

Bovine: 18,343,000 pieces

Sheep: 3,700,000 pieces

Fishing: 350,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 37,445,400

Residents in cities: 8,892,000

Average age: 17.7 years

0-14 years: 43.7%

15-64 years: 53.6%

> 65 years: 2.7%

Population growth: 1.83%

Birth rate: 37.71 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 16.39 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -3.05 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.98

Fertility: 4.97 children / woman

Infant mortality: 96.48 ‰

Life expectancy men: 44.93 years

Life expectancy women: 46.37 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: TZ

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: TZA

ISO 3166 numeric: 834

Top Level Domain: tz

IOC country code: TAN


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 156,000

Cell Phones: 1,674,000

Radios: 9,810,000

TV: 1,170,000

Computer: 460,000

Internet users: 590,000


Railway lines: 3,690 km

Paved roads: 7,084 km

Cars: 65,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 9

Pipelines: 895


Number of doctors: 1,810

Daily food intake: 2,020 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 1,750,000


Illiteracy: 20%


Foundation: 1964

Last sovereign since: 1964


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 45,000


Armed forces (troop strength): 27,000

Defense Spending: $ 21,900,000


Arriving by plane

Tanzania’s national airline is called Air Tanzania (TC) (Internet: www.airtanzania.com).
Swiss International (LX) flies to Dar es Salaam regularly.
Other airlines that fly to Tanzania are British Airways (BA), Gulf Air (GF), KLM, Emirates (EK), South African Airways (SA), Ethiopian Airways (ET) and Air India (AI).

Departure fee


Arrival by car

Car: Good tarred roads connect Tanzania, Zambia and Kenya. The paved Great North Road leads from Lusaka (Zambia) directly to Dar es Salaam. The overland route via the Kenyan border town of Namanga, which lies between Nairobi in Kenya and Arusha in Tanzania, is used most often. The road connections between Tanzania (due to the lack of bridges over the Ruvuma), Rwanda and Mozambique are extremely poor. Travelers coming from Malawi must cross the Songwe Bridge, southeast of Mbeya, to Tanzania. Travelers from Uganda drive to Tanzania via Mutukula, northwest of Bukoba.
Long-distance bus:There are regular bus connections between Nairobi (Kenya) and Arusha (Tanzania) and there are daily buses between Mombasa (Kenya) and Dar es Salaam (Tanzania). Several times a week buses run between Lilongwe (Malawi) and Dar es Salaam and between Lilongwe, Mzuzu (Malawi) and Mbeya (Tanzania). There are bus connections between Dar es Salaam and Kampala in Uganda.

Arriving by train

Trains of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (Tazara) (Internet: www.trctz.com) run twice a week from Dar es Salaam to Kapiri Mposhi (Zambia), changing at the border. The train has a dining car. From Kigoma and Mwanza you can continue your journey to Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda by ship. The central line runs from Dar es Salaam 1,254 km to the shores of Lake Tanganyika. This is a major rail route for international traffic to Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda, Congo Democratic Republic and Uganda.

Arrival by ship

Passenger and freight lines call at Dar es Salaam. The MS Sepideh operates between Tanzania and Mombasa (Kenya).
On Lake Tanganyika there are ferry connections between Bujumbura (Burundi) and Kigoma, to the Congo (Dem. Rep) and between Mpulungu (Zambia) and Kigoma. There are connections to Kenya and Uganda on Lake Victoria. Travelers from Malawi can take the ferry from Nkhata Bay in Malawi to Mbamba Bay in Tanzania across Lake Nyasa. South of Mtwara, from Kilambo, a ferry connects Tanzania with Mozambique.


Traveling by plane

Air Tanzania (TC) and numerous private airlines such as Precision Air (PW) (Internet: www.precisionairtz.com) regularly not only fly to all major cities and vacation spots. The flights are usually reliable, but you should inquire about any changes to the flight plan in an airline office before departure.
All national parks have landing strips. Small aircraft from two charter companies fly to the runways in cities and in the bush.

Note on air travel

Airport fees:


On the way by car / bus

A good, weatherproof road network connects all major cities. Side roads are often in poor condition and in the rainy season (April – May) only four-wheel drive vehicles can be used. Night driving should be avoided as one can encounter wild animals, cattle and goats on the road. Signposts are often missing at intersections, which is why you should ask for directions. Spare parts are difficult to find, petrol bottlenecks occur.

Buses connect almost all places and are quite cheap, but rather unreliable. Minibuses (Dala Dalas) also stop in smaller villages. Especially during the rainy season, schedules are not always kept and failures are common.

Rental car: Vehicles without a chauffeur are expensive and rare; vehicles with a chauffeur are recommended. Documents: International driver’s license recommended, the police will issue a temporary driver’s license upon presentation of your own driver’s license.
Traffic regulations: left-hand traffic.

Traveling in the city

There are buses and minibuses in Dar es Salaam; standard fares apply. The buses are often overcrowded and unreliable. Taxis are available in front of the hotels in Dar es Salaam. They have fixed tariffs for trips within the city. In other cities, tariffs should be agreed in advance. Only official taxis should be used. Taxi drivers expect a 10% tip.

On the go by train

Tanzania Railways Corporation (TRC) trains (Internet: www.trctz.com) operate on the central line from Dar es Salaam to Kigoma and Mwanza and along the Kaliua-Mpanda, Tanga-Arusha, Dar es Salaam-Mbeya and Manyoni-Singida lines.
TRC runs daily from Dar es Salaam to Mwanza and Kigoma; The train journeys take days, food is available on the train. Tazara drives to the Zambian border.

There are 3 classes of travel for which reservation in advance is recommended. Trains tend to be overcrowded, but rail officials will help find a seat. You should keep your luggage within sight. Children under 3 years travel free, children between 3 and 11 years receive a 50% discount.

Further information can be obtained from Tanzania Railways Corporation, PO Box 468, Dar es Salaam. Tel: (22) 211 05 99. Fax: (22) 211 65 25.

On the way by ship

There are the following larger lakes in Tanzania: Lake Eyasi, Lake Manyara, Lake Natron, Lake Nyasa, Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria.
A speedboat runs daily in both directions between Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar (journey time 60-90 minutes). There is also a connection from Zanzibar to Pemba. Steamers operate on Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria. There are three classes, 1st class is comfortable and rarely crowded.
The steamers on Lake Victoria connect Bukoba, Mwanza and Musoma; the timetables are not always kept.