Tajikistan Travel Overview

Tajikistan Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Dushanbe (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Tajik

Currency: Somoni

Continent: South Asia

Home of the snow leopard

Tajikistan is an inaccessible mountain region where few tourists visit each year.


According to Countryaah, the mountains of Tajikistan are arguably the beauty of the country. Endless expanses and valleys, passes that lead to China and Afghanistan mark the landscape of this nation. It was once part of the USSR, like its neighboring states Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. But the people in this part of the world do not speak a Turkic language, as one would assume, unlike its neighbors, Tajikistan is an island of an old Persian dialect.

Travel to Tajikistan

In addition to the mountains, the country also has a lot to offer tourists interested in culture. Old ruins attract the few tourists who stay in the country. It is mostly travelers who move along the former Silk Road. For example the citadels of Pendischkent. A liter of petrol costs around 50 euro cents in Tajikistan, so you should rent a car for longer trips because the price of petrol won’t keep you from doing so. Pendishkent, on the border with Uzbekistan, can be reached in two days from the capital Dushanbe. You can then drive further west and thus to Uzbekistan.

Tajikistan Trekking

Mountain enthusiasts, on the other hand, should head east. About 200 kilometers to the east, the Pamir Mountains rise like a steep face. Its highest mountains exceed the 7000 meter mark. The best time to travel to this area is summer between June and September. While the temperatures in the valley climb to over 40 degrees Celsius, it is pleasantly mild in the mountains. Follow the M41 road to the west. Do not drive further along the Afghan border, but turn off before the Khaburabot Pass towards Sangvor. Less than 200 travelers a year venture into this region!

If you want to spend less time then visit the Fan Mountains north of the capital Dushanbe. A beautiful mountain range with bizarre valleys and turquoise blue lakes awaits you. No matter what you do on your trip to Tajikistan, you should definitely have two things with you: good shoes and patience. You need the latter if you want to see the legendary snow leopard.


Currency (sub-unit)

Somoni (100 diram)

ISO 4217 code

TJS / 972


Continent: Asia

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 38 ° 51 ‘39.7 “E 71 ° 16’ 33.9”

Highest mountain: Peak Imeni Ismail Samani (7.495 m)

Total area: 143,100 km²

Mainland: 142,700 km²

National border: 3,651 km


Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991

UN member since: 1992

Other political affiliation: CIS


Tajikistan GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Light industry, non-ferrous metals

BSP: $ 2,596,000,000

GDP: $ 2,683,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 10,220,000,000

Economic growth: 7.3%

GDP share of agriculture: 21.3%

GDP share of industry: 30.3%

GDP share of services: 48.4%

Inflation rate: 5.9%

State budget revenue: $ 598,000,000

State budget expenditure: $ 706,000,000

Export: $ 1,070,000,000

Import: $ 1,370,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 204,000,000

Electricity consumption: 17,070 million KWh

Gas consumption: 1,510 million m³

Oil production: 300 million m³

Oil consumption: 32,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 7.38%

Bovine: 1,157,000 pieces

Sheep: 1,400,000 pieces

Demographic data

Residents: 7,320,900

Residents in cities: 1,963,000

Average age: 20 years

0-14 years: 37.9%

15-64 years: 57.4%

> 65 years: 4.7%

Population growth: 2.19%

Birth rate: 32.65 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 8.25 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -2.48 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.99

Fertility: 4 children / woman

Infant mortality: 106.49 ‰

Life expectancy men: 62.03 years

Life expectancy women: 68 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: TJ

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: TJK

ISO 3166 numeric: 762

Top Level Domain: tj

IOC country code: TJK


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 282,000

Cell Phones: 122,000

Radios: 960,000

TV: 2,990,000

Computer: 12,000

Internet users: 11,000


Railway lines: 482 km

Cars: 850,000

Pipelines: 579


Number of doctors: 14,010

Daily food intake: 1,710 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 200


Illiteracy: 1 %


Foundation: 1991

Last sovereign since: 1991


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 11,500


Armed forces (troop strength): 6,000

Main battle tank: 40

Warplanes: 5

Defense Spending: $ 51.6 million


Arriving by plane

The national airline is called Tajik Air (7J) (Internet: www.tajikair.tj, only in Tajik). Tajikistan can be reached from Europe via Moscow. From Moscow Tajik Air flight to Dushanbe.

The private Tajik airline Somon Air flies twice a week from Frankfurt to Dushanbe,

Flight times

Moscow – Dushanbe: 4 hours; Karachi – Dushanbe: 2 hours; New Delhi – Dushanbe: 1 hr 30 min.

Departure fee


Arrival by car

Connecting roads to Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and China. However, sometimes the borders are closed without notice or heavy snowfall makes the roads impassable. Cars with Tajik license plates are not allowed to cross the border into Uzbekistan unless it is a government vehicle. Entry via Kyrgyzstan is not recommended. The border between Tajikistan and Afghanistan is officially closed.

Long-distance bus:
Long-distance bus traffic is repeatedly interrupted by border closings and is unreliable. Usually there is a connection from Dushanbe to Tashkent and Samarkand. At higher altitudes, buses only run from May to November.

Arriving by train

Next to airplanes, trains are the most reliable way to get to Dushanbe. A branch line of the Trans-Caspian Railway runs north from the Afghan border in Uzbekistan to Dushanbe. The drive from Tashkent (Uzbekistan) to Dushanbe takes approx. 22 hours, from Moscow you drive approx. 4 days to the Tajik capital. Khujand in the north of the country can be reached directly from Samarkand (Uzbekistan). A connection leads from Dushanbe to Volgograd (Russian Federation). A new route leads to Kyrgyzstan via the Karategin Valley.