Taiwan Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Taipei (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Chinese

Currency: dollar

Continent: East Asia

Vacation in Taiwan

Discover this island in the China Sea. National parks and tall skyscrapers await you. Taiwain offers a lot of variety in a small space

Info about Taiwan

Taiwan is an island in the Pacific off mainland China. Separated by the Taiwan Strait, a strait. The Taiwan Strait separates the People’s Republic of China on the mainland from the Republic of China on the island of Taiwan. However, the legal status of Taiwan has not yet been clarified. Taiwan is located in the South China Sea, part of the Pacific, and therefore has no direct neighbors. The closest islands are Japan in the north and the Philippines in the south. With an area of ​​36,000 square kilometers, Taiwan is roughly the size of Switzerland.

City vacation

The capital of Taiwan is Taipei. it is also the largest city in Taiwan, making it the economic, political and cultural center of the country. Taipei is located in the north of the island, on the river delta of the Danshui, Xindian and Jilong rivers.

Taipei 101 – a skyscraper (until 2007 the world’s tallest skyscraper) and symbol of the city of
Longshan Temple – see the temple atmosphere like in a picture book


Foguangshan – largest and richest Buddhist monastery in the country, extensive parks, magnificent temple halls, multitude of gilded Buddha statues
Sanyi – Taiwan’s center of wood carving, museum for wood carving, motifs mainly of a religious kind, often also the pot
– bellied, laughing Milefo Sun-Moon-Lake – name, because its shape resembles the Chinese characters for the sun and moon; popular honeymoon destination
Taroko Gorge – hundreds of meters high rock walls made of pure marble in a gorge – walk through the gorge or a side valley. Surrounded by the Taroko National Park.
East Rift Valley – ideal conditions for activities such as cycling, paragliding or rafting.


Currency (sub-unit)

Dollars (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

TWD / 901


Continent: Asia

Region: east

Geo coordinates: N 23 ° 41 ‘52.1 “E 120 ° 57’ 37.9”

Highest mountain: Yu Shan (3,997 m)

Total area: 35,980 km²

Mainland: 32,260 km²

Coastline: 1,566 km


Dependency: independent since foundation

Form of government: Presidential Republic


Export goods: Textiles, raw sugar, rice

BSP: $ 387,224,000,000

GDP: $ 397,284,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 656 billion

Economic growth: 4.1%

GDP share of agriculture: 1.7%

GDP share of industry: 26.8%

GDP share of services: 71.5%

Inflation rate: 2.8%

Unemployment: 3.8%

National debt: 35.4%

Export: $ 208 billion

Import: $ 198.6 billion

Foreign debt: $ 95.3 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 271 billion

Electricity consumption: 213,200 million KWh

Gas reserves: 76,460 million m³

Gas production: 1,210 million m³

Gas consumption: 8,900 million m³

Oil reserves: 3 million m³

Oil production: 9,200 million m³

Oil consumption: 931,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 25%

Pigs: 7,566,000 pieces

Fishing: 1,580,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 23.036.100

Residents in cities: 16,821,900

Average age: 34.6 years

0-14 years: 19.4%

15-64 years: 70.8%

> 65 years: 9.8%

Population growth: 0.61%

Birth rate: 12.56 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 6.48 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.04

Fertility: 1.57 children / woman

Infant mortality: 6.29 ‰

Life expectancy men: 74.67 years

Life expectancy women: 80.47 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: TW

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: TWN

ISO 3166 numeric: 158

Top Level Domain: partly

IOC country code: TPE


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 13,962,000

Cell Phones: 25,790,000

Radios: 16,000,000

TV: 13,290,000

Computer: 12,590,000

Internet users: 14,580,000


Railway lines: 2,497 km

Paved roads: 66,925 km

of which expressways: 1,914 km

Cars: 5,642,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 112

Pipelines: 460


Number of doctors: 32,050

Daily food intake: 3.120 kcal / resident


Illiteracy: 4%


Foundation: 1911

Last sovereign since: 1911


Main religious group: Buddhists


Prison inmates: 57,600


Armed forces (troop strength): 270,000

Main battle tank: 1,620

Battleships: 36

Submarines: 4

Warplanes: 700

Helicopter: 35

Defense Spending: $ 8,214,000,000


Arriving by plane

The national airline is called China Airlines (CI) (Internet: www.china-airlines.de). China Airlines flies from Frankfurt via Taipei to Kaohsiung. China Airlines flies non-stop from Vienna to Taiwan. Otherwise connections via Amsterdam or London and Bangkok, Singapore or Hong Kong.
Ua United Airlines (UA), Eva Air (BR), Qantas (QF), Singapore Airlines (SQ) and Thai Airways (TG) also fly to Taipei.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Taipei: 12 hours 50 minutes (non-stop); Vienna – Taipei: 16 hours (including a stopover in Bangkok); Zurich – Taipei: 16 hours (including stopovers).

Departure fee


Arrival by ship

Passenger connections between Keelung and Kaohsiung (Taiwan) and Okinawa (Japan).


Traveling by plane

At present, nine domestic airlines operate several times a day between the major Taiwanese cities as well as to the Green Island, the Orchid Island and the Penghu Archipelago. There are direct flights between Beijing, China and Taipei.
Ua Mandarin Airlines (AE), Transasia Airways (GE) and Uni Air (B7) fly from the domestic airport Sung Shan to all major cities. Since the lifting of the travel ban, China Airlines (CI) has again offered direct flights from the mainland cities of Beijing, Shanghai, Canton, Hangzhou, Chengdu and Chongqing to Taipei (Taiwan). Air China (CA)flight from Tianjin, Hangzhou, Chengdu and Chongqing to Taipei. Details of bus connections to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (formerly Chiang Kai-Shek).

On the way by car / bus

The road network connects all major cities. An expressway connects Taipei with Kaohsiung. Some main roads are also signposted in English.
Bus: Regional and long-distance buses / express buses connect Taipei with all major cities and most major attractions.
Taxis are plentiful, all metered and relatively inexpensive. Between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. there is a 20% surcharge on the fare. The destination must be written in Chinese for the driver because most taxi drivers do not speak English. The ride in a radio taxi and the use of the trunk for luggage are extra.
Rental carare available in the larger cities. A credit card or a larger deposit is required to rent a car. You can also rent a car with a chauffeur. International hotels usually arrange a rental car with a driver for their guests on request. Due to the constant shortage of parking spaces, many foreign visitors choose a motorcycle or scooter, which are infinitely more convenient to park. Documents: National or international driver’s license. Officially, a German driver’s license is valid for up to 80 days in Taiwan. However, a certified translation of the driver’s license is recommended.

Traveling in the city

Downtown Taipei is divided into four squares – North, South, East and West. The name of each major street indicates which of these squares you are currently in (for example Minsheng East Road). Several private bus companies operate the extensive local transport network in Taipei. Taipei now has six underground lines of the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system (Internet: http://english.trtc.com.tw) and the route network is continuously being expanded. Free route maps can be ordered by email: [email protected].

On the go by train

Broad Taiwan Railway Administration (website: www.railway.gov.tw) operate on the entire island between all major cities.
The main tourist
routes are Taipei – Taichung – Chiayi -Tainan – Kaohsiung,
Taipei – Taichung – Sun Moon Lake, Chiayi-Alishan (dramatic mountain panorama) and
Taipei – New Hualian – Taitung (scenic coastal route).
Air-conditioned trains run from Taipei to Kaohsiung every hour. In addition, a high-speed train (Internet: www5.thsrc.com.tw/en/) connects Taipei with the southern port city of Kaohsiung in just 90 minutes. On the way he stops at nine stations.
Some trains have dining and sleeping cars. Children under 3 years travel free, children from 3 to 13 years pay half. In addition to the main train station, train tickets are also available in many larger hotels in Taipei. The seat reservation is included in the fare. More information about trains is available on Tel: (02) 23 71 35 58.

On the way by ship

Passenger ship connections exist between all ports. More information from the port authorities on site.