Switzerland Travel Overview

Switzerland Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Bern

Official language: German, French, Italian, Romansh

Currency: WE euro

Continent: Western Europe

Switzerland

According to Countryaah, despite its location in the middle of Europe, Switzerland is not a member of the European Union. Nevertheless, Switzerland is the seat of many international institutions. For example, the headquarters of UEFA are in Nyon and the headquarters of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in Lausanne. Most of the international institutions are represented in Geneva, including the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the United Nation Organization (UNO) in Europe and the World Scout Organization (WOSM).

Switzerland is neutral and, as a confederation, consists of 23 sovereign cantons. Each canton has its own constitution, its own laws, its own government and its own judiciary. There are four official languages ​​in Switzerland: German, French, Italian and Romansh. Switzerland is best known for its banks, its watchmaking (with brands such as Swatch, Rolex, Tissot, Piaget, Audemars Piguet, TAG Heuer), its chocolate and cheese.

Switzerland has a lot to offer for a vacation. Both for those who want to take a city break and for those who want to enjoy the wonderful landscape on their vacation.

City trip to Switzerland

The most famous cities in Switzerland, which are ideal for a city break, are the two largest cities in Switzerland: Zurich and Geneva.
Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and offers a variety of different options. On the one hand, there are a large number of museums and galleries in Zurich and, on the other hand, Zurich has just as many shopping streets and a unique nightlife. A must for anyone taking a city trip to Zurich is a visit to Bahnhofstrasse (the bank mile with exclusive fashion shops), the zoo, the old town, the Kunsthaus and the Rietberg Museum.
After Zurich is Genevathe second largest city in Switzerland. Geneva is best known for being the seat of many international institutions, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the United Nation Organization (UNO) in Europe and the World Scout Organization (WOSM). In addition, there are many sights in Geneva that you can see on a city break in Geneva. The most famous sights in Geneva are the Jet d’eu (a giant jet of water and the symbol of Geneva), the Palace of the United Nations, the Saint-Pierre Cathedral and the International Museum of the Red Cross. If you are on holiday in Geneva, you should also take a boat trip on Lake Geneva.

Lake Geneva

In the west of Switzerland is the largest lake in Switzerland – Lake Geneva. Lake Geneva is the second largest lake in Central Europe. However, Lake Geneva does not belong entirely to Switzerland, as large parts of the southern bank belong to France.

Matterhorn

After all, those who would like to use their vacation for hiking and mountaineering also get their money’s worth in Switzerland. Above all the Matterhorn, which with a height of almost 4,500 m is the largest mountain in Switzerland, is very popular with holidaymakers. The Matterhorn is also one of the highest mountains in the Alps and has many different routes. The Matterhorn was also used by Tobler as a template for their famous Toblerone chocolate.

Important facts

Capital: Bern

Official language: German, French, Italian, Romansh

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

WE euro

ISO 4217 code

CHE / 947

Currency (sub-unit)

Swiss Francs (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

CHF / 756

Currency (sub-unit)

WE Franc

ISO 4217 code

CHW / 948

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 46 ° 49 ‘5.5 ” E 8 ° 13’ 39″

Highest mountain: Dufourspitze (4,634 m)

Total area: 41,290 km²

Mainland: 39,770 km²

National border: 1,852 km

Politics

Dependency: independent since foundation

UN member since: 2002

Form of government: Federal Republic

Houses of Parliament: bikameral

Party system: Multiparty system

State building: federal

Political culture: Civic culture

Particularities: multiple head of state (Federal Council) with rotating Federal President; direct democratic rural communities

Economy

Switzerland GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Clocks, machines, chemicals

BSP: $ 378.656 billion

GDP: $ 353,464,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 246.9 billion

Economic growth: 2%

Inflation rate: 1.4%

Unemployment: 3.9%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 51.4%

Export: $ 167.3 billion

Import: $ 149.8 billion

Foreign debt: $ 863.7 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 55,109,000,000

Electricity consumption: 58,760 million KWh

Gas consumption: 3,390 million m³

Oil consumption: 271,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 10.42%

Bovine: 1,533,000 pieces

Pigs: 2,072,000 pieces

Demographic data

Residents: 7,524,000

Residents in cities: 5,102,000

Minorities: 1.5% Serbo-Croatian, 1.3% Albanian, 0.5% Romansh,

Average age: 40.1 years

0-14 years: 16.3%

15-64 years: 68.1%

> 65 years: 15.6%

Population growth: 0.43%

Birth rate: 9.71 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 8.49 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 3.12 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.97

Fertility: 1.43 children / woman

Infant mortality: 4.34 ‰

Life expectancy men: 77.69 years

Life expectancy women: 83.48 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: CH

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: CHE

ISO 3166 numeric: 756

Top Level Domain: ch

IOC country code: SUI

UN / LOCODE: CH

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 5,710,000

Cell Phones: 7,188,000

Radios: 7,300,000

TV: 4,850,000

Computer: 5,700,000

Internet users: 3,850,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 4,583 km

Paved roads: 72,646 km

of which expressways: 1,791 km

Cars: 3,954,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 27

Pipelines: 1.932

Health

Number of doctors: 26,850

Daily food intake: 3,460 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 14,100

Education

History

Foundation: 1291

Last sovereign since: 1291

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: 41.8% Roman Catholic, 35.3% Protestant, 4.3% Muslim

Crime

Prison inmates: 6,100

Main battle tank: 560

Warplanes: 135

Helicopter: 95

Defense Spending: $ 4,011,000,000

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