St. Gallen, Switzerland
The canton of St. Gallen is very popular among holidaymakers and Tourists. The German-speaking canton is a member of the Swiss Confederation and has the city of St. Gallen as its capital.
The canton of St. Gallen is located in the northeast of the Switzerland and south of Lake Constance. Hence he is for vacationers and day trippers equally attractive. The canton has existed in its current form since March 19, 1803.
The area surrounding the canton of St. Gallen
St. Gallen borders the cantons of Graubünden, Glarus, Schwyz, Zurich and Thurgau. Lake Constance is also located directly on the canton of St. Gallen as well as the Austrian Vorarlberg and the Principality of Lichtenstein.
The creation of the Canton of St. Gallen
St. Gallen did not arise from historical events or events and could not be shaped in this regard. St. Gallen was formed by diplomats and their politics.
Napoleon Bonaparte decided in 1803 on the reorganization of Switzerland. This also meant that the territorial order, as well as the constitution of Switzerland and the cantons belonging to it, was decreed through the so-called mediation act.
The Helvetian MP Karl von Müller-Friedberg had good contacts with the French diplomats. He succeeded in restoring the cantons of Appenzell, Glarus and Schwyz with their old borders. He was also able to enforce the rebuilding of today’s Canton of St. Gallen. Just a few years later, on August 31, 1814, the Cantonal Council met and passed the second cantonal constitution. This contained much more democratic and modern views and possibilities than the old constitution.
The landscape and sights in St. Gallen
One of the longest wooden bridges in Switzerland is located in St. Gallen. The Knie circus children’s zoo is also always a highlight for young and old. In addition to the beautiful lakes and of course the extremely popular Lake Constance, St. Gallen also has many beautiful hiking trails and forest areas to relax or do sports. Cycling or boat tours are also no problem here. In terms of landscape, St. Gallen has everything to offer: plains, heights and waters. Well-known sights and tourist magnets include the annual May bear custom on the first Sunday in May and the Tamina thermal baths. This is the most water-rich akratotherm in Europe. St. Margarethen is popular with all shopping fans. The Rheinpark shopping center is located here.
Those who prefer it historical should go to the Heldsberg fortress. The mineral spa should be on the program for all wellness fans.
The landmark of St. Gallen is Sargans Castle. It is the hostel of the Sarganserland Museum. In 1984 the museum even received the “Museum of the Year in Europe” award.
The Gonzen show mine and iron mine is an absolute must for all visitors to St. Gallen. Iron ore was mined here until 1966 and you can learn a lot about the mines, everyday life in the mines and the history of the mines.
There is even a UNESCO World Heritage Site in St. Gallen. The monastery and abbey district of the city of St. Gallen has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983.
In addition, St. Gallen is also an event and trade fair location. The Open Air St. Gallen and Olma take place here. This is a Swiss exhibition for agriculture and food and is one of the most important in this sector.