Somalia Travel Overview
At a glance
Official language: Somali
Continent: East Africa
The state that doesn’t exist
Extreme caution is advised when traveling to Somalia as it is in a permanent state of emergency. Somaliland is the only safe region!
According to Countryaah, Somalia is a state in eastern Africa, which is located on the Red Sea. Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya border the country.
Since its independence in 1960 Somalia has been in a state of civil war again and again. The country is divided into three regions: Somaliland, Puntland and Somalia proper in the south. We strongly advise against traveling to Somalia and Puntland, as the region is destabilized, without state order and in a permanent state of emergency. By contrast, the
autonomous region of Somaliland is considered to be relatively stable. It has its own currency, its own parliament and its own university.
Entry and Security
If you want to enter the country, we recommend crossing the border with Ethiopia. Many guides offer their services for this, but be careful when making your selection and it is best to book with a travel company.
If you should ever come to Somalia by car, which is not advisable, leave your doors locked and do not stop them under any circumstances – not even at red lights!
Official language: Somali
Shilling (100 centesimi)
ISO 4217 code
SOS / 706
Geo coordinates: N 5 ° 9 ‘7.7 ” E 46 ° 11’ 58.6″
Highest mountain: Shimbriris (2,416 m)
Total area: 637,657 km²
Mainland: 637,337 km²
National border: 2,366 km
Coastline: 3,025 km
Dependency: Great Britain until 1960
UN member since: 1960
Other political affiliation: Arab League
Form of government: Presidential Republic
Houses of Parliament: unikameral
Party system: Multi-party system
State building: decentralized
Political culture: Civic culture
Export goods: Cattle, hides, hides, bananas
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 5,130,000,000
Economic growth: 2.5%
Export: $ 355,000,000
Import: $ 662,000,000
Electricity consumption: 268 million KWh
Gas reserves: 5,663 million m³
Oil consumption: 6,600 million m³
Cultivation area: 1.68%
Sheep: 13,500,000 pieces
Fishing: 25,000 t
Residents in cities: 3,079,900
Minorities: Hungarians, Roma, Czechs
Average age: 17.6 years
0-14 years: 44.4%
15-64 years: 53%
> 65 years: 2.6%
Population growth: 2.85%
Birth rate: 45.13 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 16.63 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 1
Fertility: 6.76 children / woman
Infant mortality: 114.89 ‰
Life expectancy men: 46.71 years
Life expectancy women: 50.28 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: SO
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: SOM
ISO 3166 numeric: 706
Top Level Domain: so
IOC country code: SOM
UN / LOCODE: SO
Paved roads: 2,369 km
Number of doctors: 390
Daily food intake: 1,660 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 53,000
Last sovereign since: 1960
Main religious group: Muslims
Distribution of religions: Roman Catholic
Defense Spending: $ 23,270,000
Arriving by plane
Jubba Airlines (3O) (Internet: www.jubba-airways.com) and Daallo Airways (D3) fly from Dubai, Paris and London to Mogadishu. Mogadishu (MGQ) can also be reached from Djibouti, Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) and Jeddah (Saudi Arabia).
US $ 20 or equivalent. Transit travelers and children under 2 years of age are exempt.
Arrival by car
Connecting roads to Djibouti and Kenya. The border crossings to Ethiopia are currently closed. The roads are bad and a desert-ready 4-wheel drive vehicle is highly recommended.
Arrival by ship
The main ports are Mogadishu, Kismayo, Berbera and Marka.
ON THE GO
On the way by car / bus
Road use outside of Mogadishu can be difficult. Roads lead from the capital to Burao and Baidoa. The paved roads between Mogadishu and Kismayo and between Mogadishu and Hargeisa are in poor condition. Passengers are almost exclusively carried on trucks, cars and buses are less numerous. Bus connections exist between major cities in the south.
Taxis are available in the larger cities.
Rent a car in Mogadishu. They are often older and are in poor technical condition. The customer often has to pay for any repairs himself.
Documentation: International driver’s license.
Traveling in the city
Minibuses and shared taxis operate in Mogadishu (Sat-Thu 7 a.m.-2 p.m.).
Out and about by ship
Somalia consists predominantly of a wide, desert-like coastal strip. Coastal shipping is particularly important in freight and passenger transport. There is a risk of piracy in the waters off the Somali coast.