Sierra Leone Travel Overview

Sierra Leone Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Freetown

Official language: English

Currency: Leone

Continent: West Africa

Travel to Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone has long been marked by war. Now the country is discovering peace.


According to Countryaah, Sierra Leone is located on the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa. It shares borders with Guinea and Liberia.

Information Sierra Leone

The country has a long stretch of coastline that turns into a strip of flat land. The country rises in a north-east direction to a mountain plateau with an altitude of 1,200 to 2,000m.

Travel to Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is a beautiful country, but due to the – meanwhile ended – long civil war, little developed for tourism.

Important facts

Capital: Freetown

Official language: English


Currency (sub-unit)

Leone (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

SLL / 694


Continent: Africa

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 8 ° 27 ’38 ” W -11 ° -46′ -47.6″

Highest mountain: Loma Mansa (1,948 m)

Total area: 71,740 km²

Mainland: 71,620 km²

National border: 958 km

Coastline: 402 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 1961

UN member since: 1961

Other political affiliation: Commonwealth

Form of government: Presidential Republic


Sierra Leone GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Diamonds, ores

BSP: $ 1,723,400,000

GDP: $ 1,876,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 5,640,000,000

Economic growth: 6.1%

Electricity consumption: 279 million KWh

Oil consumption: 7,300 million m³

Cultivation area: 9.14%

Bovine: 418,000 pieces

Sheep: 430,000 pieces

Fishing: 90,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 6.005.300

Residents in cities: 2,225,700

Average age: 17.4 years

0-14 years: 44.8%

15-64 years: 52%

> 65 years: 3.2%

Population growth: 2.3%

Birth rate: 45.76 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 23.03 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 0.23 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.94

Fertility: 6.08 children / woman

Infant mortality: 160.39 ‰

Life expectancy men: 38.05 years

Life expectancy women: 42.46 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: SL

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: SLE

ISO 3166 numeric: 694

Top Level Domain: sl

IOC country code: SLE


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 27,000

Cell Phones: 226,000

Radios: 1,210,000

TV: 120,000

Computer: 26,000

Internet users: 66,000


Paved roads: 1,019 km

Cars: 19,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 54


Number of doctors: 460

Daily food intake: 1,900 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 210,000


Illiteracy: 70%


Foundation: 1961

Last sovereign since: 1961


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 6,800


Armed forces (troop strength): 15,000

Defense Spending: $ 15,400,000


Arriving by plane

Sierra Leone is served by KLM (KL) and Astraeus (SW), among others.

Lufthansa (LH) flies codeshare with Brussels Airlines (SN) (Internet: from Brussels to Freetown.

Departure fee

US $ 40, transit travelers and children under two years of age are exempt. Mostly included in the ticket price for flights to non-African countries, to be paid in cash for flights within Africa.

Arrival by car

There are connecting roads from Guinea (Conakry) and Liberia, but depending on the current political situation, they may or may not be. May be blocked. The embassy (see addresses) can provide further information.

and taxis run daily between Conakry and Freetown.

Arriving by train

No passenger trains at the moment.

Arrival by ship

Connections to Liberia and Guinea from the main port of Freetown.


Traveling by plane

Sierra National Airlines (LJ) does not currently offer scheduled flights. Private planes can be rented.

On the way by car / bus

The main roads are tarred, while secondary roads are poorly maintained and are often impassable in the rainy season. At night there are often road blocks on the main roads near the cities.

Bus: The Sierra Leone Road Transport Corporation provides local and long-distance connections. The buses are fast, inexpensive and run between all major cities.

Rental cars: Rental cars are relatively expensive, but most are offered with a driver. Because of the poor condition of the roads, you should rent a jeep.

Documentation: International driver’s license.

Traveling in the city

The Road Transport Corporation operates in Freetown bus line services to a limited extent. Much of the public transport is minibuses and shared taxis.

Out and about by ship

Ferries connect all coastal ports with each other. Further information on site or from the National Tourist Board of Sierra Leone (see addresses).