Rwanda Travel Overview
At a glance
Official language: Kinyarwanda
Continent: East Africa
Land of a thousand hills. Rwanda is a young tourist destination.
However, the small East African country has everything to offer that makes the hearts of nature lovers and ecotourists beat faster. The expansion of the infrastructure, the opening of the third national park in the Nyungwe region, the construction of further lodges and a new boat on Lake Kivu are the latest highlights in Rwanda.
After the civil wars in the 1990s, the country was systematically rebuilt and is now one of the safest countries in Africa. In addition to a stable government, tourist highlights and the cordial nature of the Rwandans ensure prosperous tourism. The Rwandan people are known for dancing and singing. Several genocide memorials commemorate dark times in the country’s history.
According to Countryaah, the East African interior is densely populated and borders on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and Tanzania. In the country, the main African watershed runs between the catchment areas of the Nile and Congo rivers .
The Rwandan capital Kigali has an international airport and several international hotels. The remaining cities are more rural.
The last mountain gorillas live on the slopes of the volcanic chain (Virunga) in the north of the country, alongside their conspecifics from Uganda. In the Volcanoes National Park there are wild gorilla groups that are used to humans and that can be visited by a limited number of tourists in their natural environment under certain conditions. Of course, under the strictest conditions and only in the company of guides and scientists. The gorilla baptism “Kwita Izina” is a unique experience, in which the newly born gorillas of a year are symbolically baptized. Kwita Izina takes place as part of a festival lasting several days. A visit to this ceremony is an unforgettable experience because it clearly shows how closely the Rwandan people are connected to nature and the last living mountain gorillas.
National parks, cloud forests, Kivu Lake
In just a few hours’ drive from the capital Kigali, the Nyungwe National Park with the largest connected cloud forests in Africa and impressive populations of chimpanzees and other primates can be reached. Bird lovers are particularly interested in the extraordinarily high density of sometimes rare bird species. Since 2010 it has also been possible to enjoy the breathtaking panorama of the volcanic landscape in northern Rwanda with a tour boat on Lake Kivu.
Climate and travel time
Due to the altitude, the humid highland climate is rather mild despite the proximity to the equator. The hot equatorial daytime climate is overlaid by the seasonal East African climate and tempered by the high altitude. The mean daytime temperature is 18 ° C. There are no major temperature fluctuations over the year, but the temperatures vary with the altitude: in western Rwanda, on Lake Kiwu, it is mild and moderate, in the highlands it is cool.
There are two rainy seasons corresponding to the East African monsoon rains, the small rainy season umuhindo between September and December and the large rainy season itumba between February and early June. Between March and May, 40% of the annual
rainfall falls. However, the climate and especially the rainfall show great irregularities.
Best travel time
The best time to travel to Rwanda is the large and small dry season, between June and mid-September and between December and January. However, due to the altitude, traveling is pleasant all year round.
Official language: Kinyarwanda
Franc (100 centimes)
ISO 4217 code
RWF / 646
Geo coordinates: S -1 ° -56′-25 “E 29 ° 52 ’26”
Highest mountain: Vulcan Karisimbi (4,519 m)
Total area: 26,338 km²
Mainland: 24,948 km²
National border: 893 km
Dependency: Belgium until 1962 (UN mandate)
UN member since: 1962
Other political affiliation: African Union
Form of government: Presidential Republic
Export goods: Coffee, tin, tea
BSP: $ 2,467,000,000
GDP: $ 2,516,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 13,820,000,000
Economic growth: 5.7%
GDP share of agriculture: 39.3%
GDP share of industry: 23.4%
GDP share of services: 37.3%
Inflation rate: 8.4%
State budget revenue: $ 587,000,000
State budget expenditure: $ 719 billion
Export: $ 112,000,000
Import: $ 258,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 389,000,000
Electricity consumption: 195 million KWh
Gas reserves: 56,630 million m³
Oil consumption: 8,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 56.14%
Bovine: 864,000 pieces
Sheep: 289,000 pieces
Fishing: 8,000 t
Residents in cities: 1,454,400
Average age: 18.6 years
0-14 years: 41.9%
15-64 years: 55.6%
> 65 years: 2.5%
Population growth: 2.43%
Birth rate: 40.37 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 16.09 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.99
Fertility: 5.43 children / woman
Infant mortality: 89.61 ‰
Life expectancy men: 46.26 years
Life expectancy women: 48.38 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: RW
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: RWA
ISO 3166 numeric: 646
Top Level Domain: rw
IOC country code: RWA
UN / LOCODE: RW
Telephone connections: 33,700
Cell Phones: 298,000
Internet users: 59,000
Paved roads: 1,606 km
Number of doctors: 350
Daily food intake: 2.110 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 310,000
Last sovereign since: 1962
Main religious group: Christians
Armed forces (troop strength): 51,000
Defense Spending: $ 56.7 million