Official language: Romanian
Currency: Leu 1RON = 0.21EUR
Continent: Eastern Europe
According to Countryaah, Romania is enjoying increasing interest from tourists. A last minute trip to Romania offers the opportunity to get to know the country and the hospitality of its people. The castles in the Carpathian Mountains, monasteries and churches, the Danube Delta, excavations and beaches on the Black Sea are well worth seeing.
After years of dictatorship Romania is looking forward to a revival of the Christian Orthodox church rite. The town hall of Sibiu is housed in the house of the former agricultural bank, which dates from the time of the K&K monarchy.
Official language: Romanian
Leu (100 Bani)
ISO 4217 code
RON / 946
Geo coordinates: N 45 ° 56 ‘35.4 “E 24 ° 58’ 0.3”
Highest mountain: Molodoveanu (2,544 m)
Total area: 237,500 km²
Mainland: 230,340 km²
National border: 2,508 km
Coastline: 225 km
Dependency: Turkey until 1881
UN member since: 1955
Form of government: Socialist republic
Houses of Parliament: bikameral
Party system: Multi-party system
State building: centralized
Political culture: Subject culture
Export goods: Machinery, oil, wheat
BSP: $ 83,288,000,000
GDP: $ 81.476 billion
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 197,200,000,000
Economic growth: 4.9%
GDP share of agriculture: 9.5%
GDP share of industry: 36.2%
GDP share of services: 54.3%
Inflation rate: 8.6%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 18.7%
Export: $ 32,470,000,000
Import: $ 42,040,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 42.83 billion
Gold and currency reserves: $ 25,090,000,000
Electricity consumption: 47,080 million KWh
Gas reserves: 100,700 million m³
Gas production: 11,700 million m³
Gas consumption: 18,000 million m³
Oil reserves: 1,055 million m³
Oil production: 122,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 251,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 41.08%
Bovine: 2,684,000 pieces
Pigs: 4,823,000 pieces
Sheep: 6,970,000 pieces
Fishing: 23,400 t
Residents in cities: 11,797,000
Minorities: Hungarians, Roma, Germans
Average age: 36.6 years
0-14 years: 15.7%
15-64 years: 69.6%
> 65 years: 14.7%
Population growth: -0.12%
Birth rate: 10.7 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 11.77 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -0.13 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.95
Fertility: 1.37 children / woman
Infant mortality: 25.5 ‰
Life expectancy men: 68.14 years
Life expectancy women: 75.34 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: RO
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: ROU
ISO 3166 numeric: 642
Top Level Domain: ro
IOC country code: ROU
UN / LOCODE: RO
Telephone connections: 4,650,000
Cell Phones: 1,120,000
Internet users: 5,130,000
Railway lines: 11,385 km
Paved roads: 113,473 km
of which expressways: 262 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 23
Number of doctors: 42,970
Daily food intake: 3.430 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 7,500
Foundation: 80 BC Chr.
Last sovereign since: -1878 BC Chr.
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: Romanian Orthodox
Prison inmates: 38,600
Armed forces (troop strength): 95,000
Main battle tank: 1,230
Defense Spending: $ 1,409,000,000
Arriving by plane
Romania’s national airline Tarom (RO) offers direct flight connections from Berlin, Frankfurt, Munich, Zurich and Vienna to Romania (Internet: www.tarom.de).
Lufthansa (LH) (Internet: www.lufthansa.de) flies directly from Frankfurt to Bucharest and from Munich to Constanta. Germanwings (4U) flies from Berlin to Bucharest.
Austrian Airlines (OS) (Internet: www.aua.com), Swiss International (LX) (Internet: www.swiss.com) and other European airlines fly to Bucharest, among others.
In addition, Wizz Air (Internet: wizzair.com/de-DE) connects some German cities with destinations in Romania.
Frankfurt – Bucharest: 2 hours 15 minutes; Vienna – Bucharest: 2 hours 30 minutes; Zurich – Bucharest: 2 hours 35 minutes
Arrival by car
The best connection from Western Europe to Romania runs through Germany, Austria and Hungary. The E64 in Hungary runs from Budapest to Szeged and in Romania via Arad, Brasov, Campina and Ploiesti to Bucharest; from there a road leads to Timisoara. The E60 is the most frequently used route from Germany to Romania, via Oradea, Cluj and Brasov to Bucharest.
In the event of a breakdown, the Romanian Automobile Club ACR (Internet: www.acr.ro) can be reached on 927.
Documents: National driver’s license, vehicle registration, international green insurance card. Long-
distance bus: Flixbus (Internet: www.flixbus.de) runs between Austria and Romania. Eurolines buses (Internet: www.eurolines.com) connect Romania with Austria and with numerous destinations in Germany.
Arriving by train
The main train station in Bucharest is Gara de Nord. The fastest train connection from Germany is from Munich to Vienna with the EuroCity and connection to Bucharest with the express train in 21 hours. A train journey from Frankfurt / aM to Bucharest takes about 30 hours.
The easiest way to get to Bucharest from Switzerland is via connections to Vienna or Györ. There are day and night trains from Vienna to Bucharest and Constanta.
The Viennese Waltz is the most important train connection from Western European countries. It departs from Basel (June – September) and arrives in Bucharest two days later at 8.15 a.m., you have to change trains in Vienna. There are also direct connections to cities in Eastern Europe.
Information on timetables and prices can be found at www.cfr.ro.
In summer, nostalgic trains and special tourist trains run by IGE Bahnouristik (Internet: www.bahntouristik.de) such as the Black Sea Express and the Transylvania Express to Bucharest run from Nuremberg via Passau, Linz and Vienna.
InterRail: Children (4-11 years), young people (12-25 years) and adults (from 26 years) who have had a permanent residence in Europe or Turkey for at least 6 months can use InterRail. The InterRail One-Country Pass is available for travel in almost 30 European countries including Macedonia and Turkey and is valid for 3, 4, 6, 8 days within 1 month in one country. Children aged 4-11 travel at half the adult price. The InterRail Global Pass enables travel through several countries and is offered with different periods of validity. Either 5 days out of 10 days total validity or 10 out of 22 can be selected. A continuous period of 22 days or 1 month is also possible.
Arrival by ship
The Danube (Internet: www.danube-river.org) connects Romania with the Danube countries. Constanta on the Black Sea is the most important passenger port. Danube trips are offered from Passau or Vienna to the Black Sea. The steamers dock in Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest, Belgrade, Bazias, Giurgiu, Calafat and Bucharest. On the way you can visit historic towns, spas and archaeological excavation sites, folklore performances and nature reserves. Further information from the tourist office (see addresses).
On the new European inland waterway Rotterdam-Constanta, which includes the Romanian Danube-Black Sea Canal, operate passenger ships. The liners head for Sulina, Tulcea and Braila, passenger ships anchor in Drobeta-Turnu Severin and Giurgiu.