Europe

Romania Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Bucharest

Official language: Romanian

Currency: Leu 1RON = 0.21EUR

Continent: Eastern Europe

Romania

According to Countryaah, Romania is enjoying increasing interest from tourists. A last minute trip to Romania offers the opportunity to get to know the country and the hospitality of its people. The castles in the Carpathian Mountains, monasteries and churches, the Danube Delta, excavations and beaches on the Black Sea are well worth seeing.

After years of dictatorship Romania is looking forward to a revival of the Christian Orthodox church rite. The town hall of Sibiu is housed in the house of the former agricultural bank, which dates from the time of the K&K monarchy.

Important facts

Capital: Bucharest

Official language: Romanian

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Leu (100 Bani)

ISO 4217 code

RON / 946

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: east

Geo coordinates: N 45 ° 56 ‘35.4 “E 24 ° 58’ 0.3”

Highest mountain: Molodoveanu (2,544 m)

Total area: 237,500 km²

Mainland: 230,340 km²

National border: 2,508 km

Coastline: 225 km

Politics

Dependency: Turkey until 1881

UN member since: 1955

Form of government: Socialist republic

Houses of Parliament: bikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized

Political culture: Subject culture

Economy

Romania GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Machinery, oil, wheat

BSP: $ 83,288,000,000

GDP: $ 81.476 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 197,200,000,000

Economic growth: 4.9%

GDP share of agriculture: 9.5%

GDP share of industry: 36.2%

GDP share of services: 54.3%

Inflation rate: 8.6%

Unemployment: 5.4%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 18.7%

Export: $ 32,470,000,000

Import: $ 42,040,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 42.83 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 25,090,000,000

Electricity consumption: 47,080 million KWh

Gas reserves: 100,700 million m³

Gas production: 11,700 million m³

Gas consumption: 18,000 million m³

Oil reserves: 1,055 million m³

Oil production: 122,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 251,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 41.08%

Bovine: 2,684,000 pieces

Pigs: 4,823,000 pieces

Sheep: 6,970,000 pieces

Fishing: 23,400 t

Demographic data

Residents: 22,303,600

Residents in cities: 11,797,000

Minorities: Hungarians, Roma, Germans

Average age: 36.6 years

0-14 years: 15.7%

15-64 years: 69.6%

> 65 years: 14.7%

Population growth: -0.12%

Birth rate: 10.7 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 11.77 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.13 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.95

Fertility: 1.37 children / woman

Infant mortality: 25.5 ‰

Life expectancy men: 68.14 years

Life expectancy women: 75.34 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: RO

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: ROU

ISO 3166 numeric: 642

Top Level Domain: ro

IOC country code: ROU

UN / LOCODE: RO

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 4,650,000

Cell Phones: 1,120,000

Radios: 7,560,000

TV: 10,070,000

Computer: 4,120,000

Internet users: 5,130,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 11,385 km

Paved roads: 113,473 km

of which expressways: 262 km

Cars: 3,782,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 23

Pipelines: 5,935

Health

Number of doctors: 42,970

Daily food intake: 3.430 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 7,500

Education

Illiteracy: 2%

History

Foundation: 80 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1878 BC Chr.

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: Romanian Orthodox

Crime

Prison inmates: 38,600

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 95,000

Main battle tank: 1,230

Battleships: 7

Submarines: 1

Warplanes: 220

Helicopter: 220

Defense Spending: $ 1,409,000,000

GETTING THERE

Arriving by plane

Romania’s national airline Tarom (RO) offers direct flight connections from Berlin, Frankfurt, Munich, Zurich and Vienna to Romania (Internet: www.tarom.de).

Lufthansa (LH) (Internet: www.lufthansa.de) flies directly from Frankfurt to Bucharest and from Munich to Constanta. Germanwings (4U) flies from Berlin to Bucharest.

Austrian Airlines (OS) (Internet: www.aua.com), Swiss International (LX) (Internet: www.swiss.com) and other European airlines fly to Bucharest, among others.

In addition, Wizz Air (Internet: wizzair.com/de-DE) connects some German cities with destinations in Romania.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Bucharest: 2 hours 15 minutes; Vienna – Bucharest: 2 hours 30 minutes; Zurich – Bucharest: 2 hours 35 minutes

Arrival by car

The best connection from Western Europe to Romania runs through Germany, Austria and Hungary. The E64 in Hungary runs from Budapest to Szeged and in Romania via Arad, Brasov, Campina and Ploiesti to Bucharest; from there a road leads to Timisoara. The E60 is the most frequently used route from Germany to Romania, via Oradea, Cluj and Brasov to Bucharest.
In the event of a breakdown, the Romanian Automobile Club ACR (Internet: www.acr.ro) can be reached on 927.
Documents: National driver’s license, vehicle registration, international green insurance card. Long-

distance bus:
Flixbus (Internet: www.flixbus.de) runs between Austria and Romania. Eurolines buses (Internet: www.eurolines.com) connect Romania with Austria and with numerous destinations in Germany.

Arriving by train

The main train station in Bucharest is Gara de Nord. The fastest train connection from Germany is from Munich to Vienna with the EuroCity and connection to Bucharest with the express train in 21 hours. A train journey from Frankfurt / aM to Bucharest takes about 30 hours.
The easiest way to get to Bucharest from Switzerland is via connections to Vienna or Györ. There are day and night trains from Vienna to Bucharest and Constanta.
The Viennese Waltz is the most important train connection from Western European countries. It departs from Basel (June – September) and arrives in Bucharest two days later at 8.15 a.m., you have to change trains in Vienna. There are also direct connections to cities in Eastern Europe.
Information on timetables and prices can be found at www.cfr.ro.
In summer, nostalgic trains and special tourist trains run by IGE Bahnouristik (Internet: www.bahntouristik.de) such as the Black Sea Express and the Transylvania Express to Bucharest run from Nuremberg via Passau, Linz and Vienna.

Rail passes

InterRail: Children (4-11 years), young people (12-25 years) and adults (from 26 years) who have had a permanent residence in Europe or Turkey for at least 6 months can use InterRail. The InterRail One-Country Pass is available for travel in almost 30 European countries including Macedonia and Turkey and is valid for 3, 4, 6, 8 days within 1 month in one country. Children aged 4-11 travel at half the adult price. The InterRail Global Pass enables travel through several countries and is offered with different periods of validity. Either 5 days out of 10 days total validity or 10 out of 22 can be selected. A continuous period of 22 days or 1 month is also possible.

Arrival by ship

The Danube (Internet: www.danube-river.org) connects Romania with the Danube countries. Constanta on the Black Sea is the most important passenger port. Danube trips are offered from Passau or Vienna to the Black Sea. The steamers dock in Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest, Belgrade, Bazias, Giurgiu, Calafat and Bucharest. On the way you can visit historic towns, spas and archaeological excavation sites, folklore performances and nature reserves. Further information from the tourist office (see addresses).
On the new European inland waterway Rotterdam-Constanta, which includes the Romanian Danube-Black Sea Canal, operate passenger ships. The liners head for Sulina, Tulcea and Braila, passenger ships anchor in Drobeta-Turnu Severin and Giurgiu.