Portugal Travel Overview

Portugal Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Lisbon (See more on ITYPEJOB.COM)

Official language: Portuguese

Currency: Euro (exchange rates)

Continent: Southern Europe

Vacation in Portugal

According to Countryaah, Portugal lies in the west of the Iberian Peninsula. The capital Lisbon is also the largest city in Portugal and offers many sights for a city trip, such as the Torre de Belem and the Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, both of which were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1983.

The national territory of Portugal also includes the Azores archipelago and Madeira island.

The Azores

The Azores are made up of nine islands. The island that is best developed for tourism is Sao Miguel. It is known as the ” Green Island ” because of its wide pastures and wooded mountain peaks. The landscape of Sao Miguel with its crater lakes and geysers is particularly inviting for hikes and excursions. There are also small sandy beaches here. The most beautiful beaches of the Azores, however, is found on the island of Santa Maria.

Madeira island

Madeira is located in the Atlantic about 700 km west of the Moroccan coast. The island is known as the flower island in the Atlantic because of its rich vegetation. It is therefore a popular destination for a vacation for nature lovers and hiking enthusiasts. Many tourists come to Madeira simply to relax because of its pleasant, mild climate and the colorful surroundings. The Austrian Empress Elisabeth also appreciated the beauty and tranquility of Madeira and so spent a few months on the island in 1860 in order to recover from a serious illness.

Algarve holiday region

Most of the tourists who come to Portugal spend their holidays in the Algarve. It is the southernmost region of Portugal. The Algarve is famous for its numerous fine sandy beaches and the rock sculptures in the west of the coast. With its beautiful beaches, warm sea water and year-round sun, it is a very popular holiday destination for tourists who want to spend their vacation by the sea. In addition, the Algarve is a very popular destination for golfers because of the many golf courses, some of which extend to the coast.


Currency (sub-unit)

Euro (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

EUR / 978


Continent: Europe

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 39 ° 23 ‘59.5 ” W -8 ° -13’ -28″

Highest mountain: Pico Alto (2,351 m)

Total area: 92,391 km²

Mainland: 91,951 km²

National border: 1,214 km

Coastline: 1,793 km


Dependency: independent since foundation

Dependent states: Brazil since 1822

Formerly dependent states: Angola until 1975
Cape Verde until 1975
Guinea-Bissau until 1973
Mozambique until 1975
Oman until 1650
São Tomé and Príncipe until 1975

UN member since: 1955

Other political affiliation: European Union since 1986

Form of government: Presidential Republic

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized

Political culture: parochial


Portugal GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Textiles, fish, wine

BSP: $ 178,399,000,000

GDP: $ 189,674,800,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 216.3 billion

Economic growth: 0.7%

GDP share of agriculture: 5.1%

GDP share of industry: 28.4%

GDP share of services: 66.5%

Inflation rate: 2.5%

Unemployment: 8.3%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 64.6%

Export: $ 40.56 billion

Import: $ 63,228,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 302.4 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 8,790,000,000

Electricity consumption: 49,110 million KWh

Gas consumption: 3,370 million m³

Oil consumption: 337,600 million m³

Cultivation area: 24.72%

Bovine: 1,512,000 pieces

Pigs: 2,516,000 pieces

Sheep: 5,310,000 pieces

Fishing: 178,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 10,605,900

Residents in cities: 7,020,000

Average age: 38.5 years

0-14 years: 16.5%

15-64 years: 66.3%

> 65 years: 17.2%

Population growth: 0.36%

Birth rate: 10.72 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 10.5 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 3.4 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.95

Fertility: 1.47 children / woman

Infant mortality: 4.98 ‰

Life expectancy men: 74.43 years

Life expectancy women: 81.2 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: PT

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: PRT

ISO 3166 numeric: 620

Top Level Domain: pt

IOC country code: POR


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 4,450,000

Cell Phones: 10,242,000

Radios: 3,250,000

TV: 7,140,000

Computer: 2,160,000

Internet users: 4,390,000


Railway lines: 2,850 km

Paved roads: 64,298 km

of which expressways: 1,911 km

Cars: 5,270,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 111

Pipelines: 1,273


Number of doctors: 35,320

Daily food intake: 3,750 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 29,000


Illiteracy: 6%


Foundation: 1139

Last sovereign since: 1139


Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: 84.5% Roman Catholic; 2.2% other Christian, 3.9% none


Prison inmates: 13,600


Armed forces (troop strength): 46,000

Main battle tank: 190

Battleships: 6th

Submarines: 2

Warplanes: 90

Helicopter: 30th

Defense Spending: $ 4,426,700,000


Arriving by plane

Portugal’s national airline TAP Portugal (TAP) (Internet: www.flytap.com) offers scheduled flight services from Germany’s international airports, from Vienna, Geneva and Zurich to Lisbon. TAP also flies direct to Porto and Faro from some cities. Lufthansa (LH) also operates a flight service to Faro several times a week and also flies to the other Portuguese airports. Air Berlin (AB) flies from most German international airports as well as from Salzburg, Linz, Vienna and Zurich to Faro, Lisbon and Porto.

Ryanair (FR) flies from Frankfurt Hahn to Faro, Porto, Lisbon and Ponta Delgada and from Frankfurt am Main to Faro.

Eurowings (EW) connects numerous major German cities as well as Vienna and Zurich with Faro and Lisbon.

Swiss (LX) flies from Geneva to Porto and Lisbon.

In addition, Faro is served by many German, Austrian and Swiss charter airlines as part of package travel.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Lisbon: 2 hours 5 minutes (non-stop); Frankfurt – Faro: 2 hours 10 minutes (non-stop); Frankfurt – Porto: 2 hours 35 minutes; Vienna – Lisbon: 5 hours 30 minutes; Vienna – Porto: 5 hours; Vienna – Faro: 5 hours; Zurich – Lisbon: 2 hours 25 minutes; Zurich – Porto: 2 hours 40 minutes; Geneva – Lisbon: 2 hours 25 minutes

Arrival by car

The cheapest border crossing for central and southern Portugal is Badajos – Elvas, the San Antonio / Ayamonte – Vila Real crossing via southern Spain to the Algarve is recommended, and the Fuentes de Oñoro – Vilar Formoso crossing for central Portugal, Coimbra. You are i. General Open 24 hours.

Vehicles can be imported for stays of up to six months (see Travel – National / Documents).

Long-distance bus:
Eurolines buses (Internet: www.eurolines.com) travel from Germany to Portugal.

Arriving by train

From Germany and Austria you travel by train (Internet: www.cp.pt) via Paris and Irún to Lisbon, from Switzerland via Lyon. The travel time from Paris is around 20 hours ; from Geneva about 26 hours. The Sud-Expresso from Irún (on the French border) to Lisbon has 1st and 2nd class compartments, sleeping and dining cars. The hotel train Lusitania is also an international train that runs from Lisbon and Porto to Madrid (journey time: approx. 11 hours).

InterRail – Passes
are also valid in Portugal.

Arrival by ship

Lisbon, Leixões (Porto), Albufeira (Faro), Funchal (Madeira), Setúbal and Portimão (Algarve) are the most important port cities.

They are used by Aida Cruises (Internet: www.aida.de), Royal Olympic Cruises (Internet: www.royal-olympic-cruises.com), Cunard (Internet: www.cunard.de) and Seabourn (Internet: www. seabourn.com).

From Rio Minho there are half-hourly connections to Spain from Caminha to Campos Ancos and from Vila Nova de Cerveira to Goyan. Ticket sales on the ship.