Nigeria Travel Overview
At a glance
Official language: English
Continent: West Africa
Nigeria has many faces
Nigeria is a state in which 250 different peoples live together
According to Countryaah, Nigeria is in West Africa. The state has a coast to the Atlantic Ocean and borders Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. It is the most populous country in Africa and the one with the most oil deposits.
Nigeria is now known as the Hollywood of Africa. The film studios of Nollywood are in Tinapa, where annually more films are produced, as in Hollywood.
Due to the political situation, tourism in the country is hardly developed, but there are many sights such as national parks, film festivals and beautiful beaches that invite you to swim.
Travel to the states of Delta, Bayelsa, Rivers and Akwa Ibom is strongly discouraged. In these states there is a high risk of attack and kidnapping, not only on the mainland, but also on the facilities off the coast (e.g. oil rigs) and on the waterways. (Information from the German Foreign Office)
Official language: English
Naira (100 Kobo)
ISO 4217 code
NGN / 566
Geo coordinates: N 9 ° 4 ‘55.2 ” E 8 ° 40’ 31″
Highest mountain: Chappal Waddi (2,419 m)
Total area: 923,768 km²
Mainland: 910,768 km²
National border: 4,047 km
Coastline: 953 km
Dependency: Great Britain until 1960
UN member since: 1960
Other political affiliation: Commonwealth
Form of government: Military dictatorship
Export goods: Cocoa, peanuts, petroleum
BSP: $ 92.464 billion
GDP: $ 112,979,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 212 billion
Economic growth: 6.7%
GDP share of agriculture: 24.6%
GDP share of industry: 50.5%
GDP share of services: 24.9%
Inflation rate: 12.1%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 8.8%
Export: $ 65.74 billion
Import: $ 31.88 billion
Foreign debt: $ 35.190 million
Gold and currency reserves: $ 34.730 billion
Electricity consumption: 16,580 million KWh
Gas reserves: 4,502,000 million m³
Gas production: 23,700 million m³
Gas consumption: 7,930 million m³
Oil reserves: 36,000 million m³
Oil production: 2,490,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 358,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 36.5%
Bovine: 14,877,000 pieces
Sheep: 23,000,000 pieces
Fishing: 440,000 t
Residents in cities: 60,572,000
Average age: 18.7 years
0-14 years: 42.3%
15-64 years: 54.6%
> 65 years: 3.1%
Population growth: 2.38%
Birth rate: 40.43 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 16.94 / 1,000 residents
Migration: 0.27 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 1.02
Fertility: 5.49 children / woman
Infant mortality: 97.14 ‰
Life expectancy men: 46.52 years
Life expectancy women: 47.66 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: NG
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: NGA
ISO 3166 numeric: 566
Top Level Domain: ng
IOC country code: NGR
UN / LOCODE: NG
Telephone connections: 1,360,000
Cell Phones: 7,880,000
Internet users: 1,240,000
Railway lines: 3,505 km
Paved roads: 67,842 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 52
Number of doctors: 32,200
Daily food intake: 2,790 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 3,800,000
Last sovereign since: 1960
Main religious group: Muslims
Prison inmates: 41,900
Armed forces (troop strength): 79,000
Main battle tank: 210
Defense Spending: $ 947,000,000
Arriving by plane
Nigeria’s national airline is Nigerian Eagle Airlines (UK) (Internet: www.virginnigeria.com).
Afriqiyah Airways (8U) (Internet: www.afriqiyah.aero) flies from Geneva, Brussels, Paris and London via Tripoli to Lagos.
Lufthansa (LH) offers daily direct flights from Frankfurt to the capital Abuja as well as to Lagos and Port Harcourt. These flights can also be booked in codeshare with Brussels Airlines (SN). Swiss (LX) flies from Zurich via Frankfurt to Lagos.
Frankfurt – Lagos: 5 hours 30 minutes; Zurich – Lagos: 6 hrs. 10 min.
Arrival by car
Roads lead to Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The major Trans-Saharan roads run from Niger through Nigeria. The main route from Benin crosses the border at Idoroko, and the good coastal road leads to Lagos.
Arrival by ship
The main ports are Lagos, Port Harcourt and Calabar. Other important ports are Warri and Sepele.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
Nigerian Eagle Airlines (UK) (Internet: www.virginnigeria.com) connects Lagos with Port Harcourt and Abuja. Charter aircraft can be obtained in Lagos from Aero Contractors (Internet: www.acn.aero). Domestic flights should be booked in advance, long delays must be expected.
On the way by car / bus
The road network connects all major cities. In some more remote regions, roads are impassable during the rainy season. There is right-hand traffic.
Buses and taxis (Ford Transits) run between the larger cities.
Rental cars are best available in Lagos and Abula; book through your hotel. Rental cars with a driver are recommended.
Documents: International driver’s license and 2 passport photos.
Traveling in the city
Public transportation in Lagos is confusing. The city suffers from chronic traffic congestion and ferry schedules cannot be kept, especially at peak times. Lagos has a state bus network, two private bus companies and thousands of private minibuses.
For the yellow taxis in Lagos you should negotiate the price and tip before starting your journey.
A ferry commutes to the island of Lagos.
On the go by train
The two main routes, which are used daily, run from Lagos to Kano (via Ibadan, Oyo, Ogbombosho, Kaduna and Zaria) and from Port Harcourt to Maiduguri (via Aba, Enugu, Makurdi and Jos). In Kaduna and Kafanchan you can change from one main line to the other. Both mainline trains run daily. Branch lines connect Zaria with Gusau and Kaura Namoda.
Sleeper spaces must be booked in advance. Three classes. Some trains have dining cars and air conditioning. Trains are slower and more unreliable than buses, but they are cheaper.
Out and about by ship
Ferries operate on the south coast and on the Niger and Benue rivers.