Nigeria Travel Overview

Nigeria Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Abuja

Official language: English

Currency: Naira

Continent: West Africa

Nigeria has many faces

Nigeria is a state in which 250 different peoples live together


According to Countryaah, Nigeria is in West Africa. The state has a coast to the Atlantic Ocean and borders Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. It is the most populous country in Africa and the one with the most oil deposits.

Travel Nigeria

Nigeria is now known as the Hollywood of Africa. The film studios of Nollywood are in Tinapa, where annually more films are produced, as in Hollywood.
Due to the political situation, tourism in the country is hardly developed, but there are many sights such as national parks, film festivals and beautiful beaches that invite you to swim.


Travel to the states of Delta, Bayelsa, Rivers and Akwa Ibom is strongly discouraged. In these states there is a high risk of attack and kidnapping, not only on the mainland, but also on the facilities off the coast (e.g. oil rigs) and on the waterways. (Information from the German Foreign Office)

Important facts

Capital: Abuja

Official language: English


Currency (sub-unit)

Naira (100 Kobo)

ISO 4217 code

NGN / 566


Continent: Africa

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 9 ° 4 ‘55.2 ” E 8 ° 40’ 31″

Highest mountain: Chappal Waddi (2,419 m)

Total area: 923,768 km²

Mainland: 910,768 km²

National border: 4,047 km

Coastline: 953 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 1960

UN member since: 1960

Other political affiliation: Commonwealth

Form of government: Military dictatorship


Nigeria GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Cocoa, peanuts, petroleum

BSP: $ 92.464 billion

GDP: $ 112,979,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 212 billion

Economic growth: 6.7%

GDP share of agriculture: 24.6%

GDP share of industry: 50.5%

GDP share of services: 24.9%

Inflation rate: 12.1%

Unemployment: 2.6%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 8.8%

Export: $ 65.74 billion

Import: $ 31.88 billion

Foreign debt: $ 35.190 million

Gold and currency reserves: $ 34.730 billion

Electricity consumption: 16,580 million KWh

Gas reserves: 4,502,000 million m³

Gas production: 23,700 million m³

Gas consumption: 7,930 million m³

Oil reserves: 36,000 million m³

Oil production: 2,490,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 358,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 36.5%

Bovine: 14,877,000 pieces

Sheep: 23,000,000 pieces

Fishing: 440,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 131,859,800

Residents in cities: 60,572,000

Average age: 18.7 years

0-14 years: 42.3%

15-64 years: 54.6%

> 65 years: 3.1%

Population growth: 2.38%

Birth rate: 40.43 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 16.94 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 0.27 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.02

Fertility: 5.49 children / woman

Infant mortality: 97.14 ‰

Life expectancy men: 46.52 years

Life expectancy women: 47.66 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: NG

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: NGA

ISO 3166 numeric: 566

Top Level Domain: ng

IOC country code: NGR


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 1,360,000

Cell Phones: 7,880,000

Radios: 26,500,000

TV: 10,750,000

Computer: 1,120,000

Internet users: 1,240,000


Railway lines: 3,505 km

Paved roads: 67,842 km

Cars: 958,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 52

Pipelines: 13,883


Number of doctors: 32,200

Daily food intake: 2,790 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 3,800,000


Illiteracy: 30%


Foundation: 1960

Last sovereign since: 1960


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 41,900


Armed forces (troop strength): 79,000

Main battle tank: 210

Battleships: 1

Warplanes: 90

Defense Spending: $ 947,000,000


Arriving by plane

Nigeria’s national airline is Nigerian Eagle Airlines (UK) (Internet:

Afriqiyah Airways (8U) (Internet: flies from Geneva, Brussels, Paris and London via Tripoli to Lagos.

Lufthansa (LH) offers daily direct flights from Frankfurt to the capital Abuja as well as to Lagos and Port Harcourt. These flights can also be booked in codeshare with Brussels Airlines (SN). Swiss (LX) flies from Zurich via Frankfurt to Lagos.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Lagos: 5 hours 30 minutes; Zurich – Lagos: 6 hrs. 10 min.

Departure fee


Arrival by car

Roads lead to Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The major Trans-Saharan roads run from Niger through Nigeria. The main route from Benin crosses the border at Idoroko, and the good coastal road leads to Lagos.

Arrival by ship

The main ports are Lagos, Port Harcourt and Calabar. Other important ports are Warri and Sepele.


Traveling by plane

Nigerian Eagle Airlines (UK) (Internet: connects Lagos with Port Harcourt and Abuja. Charter aircraft can be obtained in Lagos from Aero Contractors (Internet: Domestic flights should be booked in advance, long delays must be expected.

On the way by car / bus

The road network connects all major cities. In some more remote regions, roads are impassable during the rainy season. There is right-hand traffic.

and taxis (Ford Transits) run between the larger cities.

Rental cars
are best available in Lagos and Abula; book through your hotel. Rental cars with a driver are recommended.

International driver’s license and 2 passport photos.

Traveling in the city

Public transportation in Lagos is confusing. The city suffers from chronic traffic congestion and ferry schedules cannot be kept, especially at peak times. Lagos has a state bus network, two private bus companies and thousands of private minibuses.

For the yellow taxis in Lagos you should negotiate the price and tip before starting your journey.

A ferry commutes to the island of Lagos.

On the go by train

The two main routes, which are used daily, run from Lagos to Kano (via Ibadan, Oyo, Ogbombosho, Kaduna and Zaria) and from Port Harcourt to Maiduguri (via Aba, Enugu, Makurdi and Jos). In Kaduna and Kafanchan you can change from one main line to the other. Both mainline trains run daily. Branch lines connect Zaria with Gusau and Kaura Namoda.

Sleeper spaces must be booked in advance. Three classes. Some trains have dining cars and air conditioning. Trains are slower and more unreliable than buses, but they are cheaper.

Out and about by ship

Ferries operate on the south coast and on the Niger and Benue rivers.