Europe

Netherlands Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Amsterdam

Official language: Dutch

Currency: Euro (exchange rates)

Continent: Europe

About windmills, cheese and cyclists – Holland

Vacation in Holland, a country below sea level that has a lot to offer: windmills, canals, cheese, tulips (tulip blossom), bike paths and much more.

Tulips | Windmills | Wooden shoes | cheese

Most visitors associate the Netherlands with tulips, windmills and wooden clogs, and many know that large parts of the country are below sea level and that the water is constantly pushing to take possession of the land that has been laboriously reclaimed. But only a few people know that the Netherlands is eighth in the world rankings of the largest exporters and investors, that the country is the third largest exporter of agricultural products in the world after the USA and France and that it has produced fifteen Nobel Prize winners. The reason for the export strength was and is not least the production of cheese, which has centuries of tradition in Holland. Just think of Edam orGouda, and therefore cheeses that were named after the Dutch cities of Edam and Gouda. In short, the Dutch live on a small piece of earth, but have achieved great things in the past and present. You operate a trend-setting policy in social, societal and cultural issues and know how to assert yourself internationally in sport.

Vacation Holland

Last minute Amsterdam attracts the most tourists. And not just because of museums like the Rijksmuseum or the Vincent van Gogh Museum. Also the canals (these are the waterways or canals omnipresent in Holland) with their magnificent gabled houses and the liberal atmosphere and creative flair – all of this should be seen up close. In many cases, however, the appeal of the revealing use of cannabis in Amsterdam in a coffee shop is one of the reasons that tourists come to the Netherlands. Amsterdam has everything you could want for a last minute city break in Holland.

Typical of Amsterdam are the brick buildings, which are also referred to in architecture as the “Amsterdam School”. Maroudam is also interesting. In the model city of Madurodam in the coastal city of Scheveningen, near The Hague, Amsterdam was modeled in great detail. Utrecht is also a journey The cathedral of Utrecht was built in 1674 and stands alone next to the church after the nave collapsed in a hurricane.The canals in Utrecht differ from those of other Dutch cities by the paved banks next to the water

Holland tulip country

For many, the Netherlands is also considered the flower country par excellence. The flower fields in the provinces of North and South Holland attract hundreds of thousands of tourists every year when the daffodils, hyacinths and tulips bloom in April and May.

The Netherlands has a long coastline with very diverse, charming old villages and towns and unique landscapes. Surfers, sailors and swimmers get their money’s worth on the beaches, and further inland countless lakes, rivers and canals attract many water sports enthusiasts. But you can also do the same as the locals and explore the country by bike. In the Netherlands there are many thousands of kilometers of mostly well signposted cycle paths, more than in any other country in the world. Cycling in the flat Dutch countryside is less of a hassle than anywhere else – at least if the wind isn’t blowing from the wrong direction. And it is this wind that drives the windmills, especially those in Kinderdijk. A jewel to be seen.

Geography Netherlands

According to Countryaah, the Netherlands has around 16 million residents in an area of ​​only 41,528 km². This makes Holland one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Architects and town planners from all over the world come to visit to take object lessons.

Airports Netherlands Cheap flights Holland
Cheap flights to Holland are possible with regard to the airports of Amsterdam Schiphol, Enschede Twente, Maastricht, Rotterdam, Eindhoven or Groningen.

Important facts

Capital: Amsterdam

Official language: Dutch

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Euro (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

EUR / 978

Geography

Continent: Europe

Geo coordinates: N 52 ° 7 ‘57.5 “E 5 ° 17’ 28.6”

Highest mountain: Vaalserberg (321 m)

Total area: 41,526 km²

Mainland: 33,883 km²

National border: 1,027 km

Coastline: 451 km

Politics

Dependency: Spain until 1579

Dependent states: Netherlands Antilles since 1816
Aruba since 1643

Formerly dependent states: Belgium until 1830
Indonesia until 1945
Luxembourg until 1839
Suriname until 1975

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: European Union since 1957

Form of government: Constitutional monarchy

Houses of Parliament: bikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: decentralized

Political culture: Civic culture

Particularities: Concordance democracy, strong columnar structure until the 1960s d. Society, high tolerance (drugs / euthanasia legalized)

Economy

Netherlands GDP - gross domestic product

BSP: $ 603.272 billion

GDP: $ 617.854 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 522.3 billion

Economic growth: 1.2%

GDP share of agriculture: 2.2%

GDP share of industry: 24.4%

GDP share of services: 73.4%

Inflation rate: 1.9%

Unemployment: 6.8%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 51.3%

Export: $ 419.8 billion

Import: $ 394.6 billion

Foreign debt: $ 1,828,000,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 19,670,000,000

Electricity consumption: 106,700 million KWh

Gas reserves: 1,756,000 million m³

Gas production: 71,350 million m³

Gas consumption: 50,500 million m³

Oil reserves: 88 million m³

Oil production: 96,800 million m³

Oil consumption: 951,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 22.19%

Bovine: 3,795,000 pieces

Pigs: 11,224,000 pieces

Sheep: 1,060,000 pieces

Fishing: 630,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 16,491,500

Residents in cities: 14,735,000

Minorities: Indonesians, Turks, Frisians

Average age: 39.4 years

0-14 years: 18%

15-64 years: 67.8%

> 65 years: 14.2%

Population growth: 0.49%

Birth rate: 10.9 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 8.68 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 2.72 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.98

Fertility: 1.66 children / woman

Infant mortality: 4.96 ‰

Life expectancy men: 76.36 years

Life expectancy women: 81.67 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: NL

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: NLD

ISO 3166 numeric: 528

Top Level Domain: nl

IOC country code: NED

UN / LOCODE: NL

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 10,080,000

Cell Phones: 13,000,000

Radios: 16,000,000

TV: 9,870,000

Computer: 8,730,000

Internet users: 9,720,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 2,808 km

Paved roads: 139,220 km

of which expressways: 3,553 km

Cars: 7,560,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 558

Pipelines: 8,629

Health

Number of doctors: 33,980

Daily food intake: 3,320 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 24,000

Education

Illiteracy: 1 %

History

Foundation: 1579

Last sovereign since: 1579

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: 30% catholic, 20% evang

Crime

Prison inmates: 20,300

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 54,000

Main battle tank: 360

Battleships: 38

Submarines: 4

Warplanes: 180

Helicopter: 90

Defense Spending: $ 9,747,600,000