Nepal Travel Overview

Nepal Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Kathmandu (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Nepalese

Currency: rupee

Continent: South Asia

Between the roof of the world and the flat land

The highest mountains in the world are located in Nepal. But the cities on the plain also have their charm.


According to Countryaah, Nepal is a state in South Asia. It is home to ten of the highest mountains on earth. The country in the middle of the Himalayas is surrounded by India and China.

Travel Nepal

In Nepal, Tibetan Buddhism, Indian Hinduism and Nepalese shamanism have been mingled, permeated and supplemented for centuries. The best way to travel in Nepal is as a trekker. There is a lot of hiking and some 8000m peaks. But you won’t find any information on this here.

A route that even those who have no experience in high mountains can take is the historic route to Mount Everest Base Camp at 5,545 meters. From Kadmando they fly to Lukla. From this airport, which is one of the highest in the world, it is about 9 days to walk to Everest Base Camp. The way back is then in about 20 dayssince they left Kathmandu.

Kathmandu is probably the right place to find your way back from the absolute silence in front of Everest to the hectic pace of civilization. Kathmandu was a hippie Mecca in the 1960s. But today they no longer find hippies there, but rather tourists in functional clothing looking for an internet cafe. So if you want to immerse yourself in Kathmandu, how it lives and pulsates, you have to get away from the big streets and through small alleys to find the hidden mystical places, where you then say: Katmandu, I’ll be back.


Currency (sub-unit)

Rupee (2 mohur = 100 paisa)

ISO 4217 code

NPR / 524


Continent: Asia

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 28 ° 23 ‘41.5 “E 84 ° 7’ 26.4”

Highest mountain: Mount Everest (8,850 m)

Total area: 140,800 km²

Mainland: 134,800 km²

National border: 2,926 km


Dependency: independent since foundation

UN member since: 1955

Form of government: Constitutional monarchy


Nepal GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Rice, jute, hides, wood

BSP: $ 6,582,000,000

GDP: $ 6,354,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 40.410 billion

Economic growth: 1.1%

GDP share of agriculture: 37%

GDP share of industry: 21%

GDP share of services: 42%

Inflation rate: 9.1%

Unemployment: 40%

State budget revenue: $ 1.274 billion

State budget expenditure: $ 1816,000,000

Export: $ 874,000,000

Import: $ 2,187,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 2.7 billion

Electricity consumption: 2,520 million KWh

Oil consumption: 18,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 16.47%

Bovine: 6,647,000 pieces

Demographic data

Residents: 28.287.200

Residents in cities: 3,657,800

Average age: 20.3 years

0-14 years: 38.7%

15-64 years: 57.6%

> 65 years: 3.7%

Population growth: 2.17%

Birth rate: 30.98 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 9.31 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.06

Fertility: 4.1 Children / woman

Infant mortality: 65.32 ‰

Life expectancy men: 60.43 years

Life expectancy women: 59.91 years

Country codes

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: NP

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: NPL

ISO 3166 numeric: 524

Top Level Domain: np

IOC country code: NEP


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 506,000

Cell Phones: 104,000

Radios: 691,000

TV: 215,000

Computer: 110,000

Internet users: 180,000


Railway lines: 59 km

Paved roads: 8,948 km

Cars: 75,000


Number of doctors: 1,770

Daily food intake: 2,480 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 63,000


Illiteracy: 50%


Foundation: 1768

Last sovereign since: 1768


Main religious group: Hinduists


Prison inmates: 8,100


Armed forces (troop strength): 67,000

Defense Spending: $ 109,300,000


Arriving by plane

The national airline of Nepal is Nepal Airlines (RA) (Internet: This airline is on the EU black list.
Lufthansa (LH) offers flights from Frankfurt / M. to Kathmandu with a change in Bangkok.
Austrian Airlines (OS) also flies non-stop from Vienna to Kathmandu.
Qatar Airways (QR) flies to Kathmandu via Doha.

Departure fee

791 NR when leaving for Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka; 1.130 NR for all other countries. Children under 2 years are exempt from this.

Only at Tribhuvan International Airport: Tourism Service Fee (TSF) of 1000 RS upon departure.

Arrival by car

There are a total of 12 border crossings, 7 of which can be used for entry. Roads connect Kathmandu to India and Tibet. There are bus connections from all border points to Kathmandu, the most popular being the Sunauli-Bhairawa border crossing.

Note on arriving by car

Entry into Nepal by land is only possible via one of the following border crossings: Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Belhiya (Bhairahawa), Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, Mahendra Nagar (all on the Indian-Nepalese border) and Kodari (on the Chinese-Nepalese border). The Araniko Highway between Nepal and China is currently impassable.
An international pass is required to enter the country by car. More from the embassy.

Arriving by train

Two lines of the Indian railway lead to the vicinity of the Nepalese border (Raxaul, in the Indian state of Bihar, or Nautanwa, Uttar Pradesh), from here you can continue to the border with bicycle rickshaws (negotiate the fare in advance).


Traveling by plane

The larger cities of the country are connected to the internal flight network from Kathmandu. Many of these flights offer a unique view of the mountains. Nepal Airlines (RA) offers flights to numerous domestic destinations.
Helicopters can also be rented.

Note on air travel

Airport taxes

165 NR for departures from Bhadrapur, Biratnagar, Rajbiraj, Janakapur, Simara, Bharatpur, Pokhara, Sidharthangar, Kathmandu, Nepalgang, Dang, Dhangadi and Mahendranagar airports; 55 NR for departures from all other airports.
Note: All foreign nationalities have to pay for their flights in foreign currency, only Nepalese and Indians are allowed to pay in rupees.

On the way by car / bus

The quality of the roads varies. Left-hand traffic. Bus: Buses depart from Gongabu Bus Station in Kathmandu for all parts of the country. Comfortable tourist buses are available on the Kathmandu – Pokhara and Kathmandu – Chitwan routes and usually depart from Thamel in Kathmandu city center at around 7 a.m. Nocturnal overland trips by bus should be avoided because of the high risk of accidents. Rental cars are available in Kathmandu from Hertz, Avis and Yeti Travels representatives. The minimum age is 18 years. Chauffeur-driven cars can only be rented in the Kathmandu Valley. Documents:The international driving license is valid for 15 days. A temporary national driving license is available on presentation of the valid national driving license.

Traveling in the city

Regular buses operate in the inhabited regions around Kathmandu, including the neighboring cities of Patan and Bhaktapur. A frequent trolleybus travels the 11 km route between Kathmandu and Bhaktapur. Private minibuses connect the nearby villages to the main route. In the buses and trolleybuses there are tickets in four different price categories, which are different in color and are sold by the conductor. Tempos are three-wheeled vehicles with a taximeter that are a bit cheaper than taxis. Taxi:
In Kathmandu there are numerous metered taxis that charge a 50% surcharge during the night. Private taxis are more expensive, the fare should be agreed before starting the journey. Rickshaws can be found all over the city. Here too, fares should be agreed before the journey begins. Bicycles and motorbikes can be rented from bike shops by the hour or by the day. Motorcyclists need a driver’s license. Make sure that your bike has a well-functioning bell – this is the most important accessory in Nepalese road traffic.

On the go by train

There is currently no rail traffic within Nepal.