At a glance
Official language: English
Continent: South Africa
Desert and petrified forests
Namibia has long been one of the most popular travel destinations in Africa
According to Countryaah, Namibia is a country in southern Africa and borders in the north on Angola, in the east on Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and in the south on the Republic of South Africa. The Atlantic Ocean forms the western border. The landscape of the country is strongly shaped by the Namib desert, which extends to Angola.
Namibia has only had official independence since 1990. Before that, it was under the administration of the apartheid regime in South Africa. Before that, it was under German colonial administration for a long time, the traces of which can still be seen in many places.
Namibia has been a very popular travel destination since the 1950s. Numerous animal species attract travelers from the region and around the world. Safari was once the main reason for many westerners to hunt big game. Today hunting holidays are only practiced as a photo safari.
A special highlight is the petrified forest in Khorixas in the north of the country, which is under nature protection.
Official language: English
Dollars (100 cents)
ISO 4217 code
NAD / 516
Geo coordinates: S -22 ° -57 ‘-27.5 “E 18 ° 29’ 25.5”
Highest mountain: Koenigstein (2,606 m)
Total area: 825,418 km²
Mainland: 825,418 km²
National border: 3,824 km
Coastline: 1,572 km
Dependency: South Africa until 1990 (mandate)
UN member since: 1990
Other political affiliation: Commonwealth
Export goods: Caraku skins, diamonds
BSP: $ 5,037,000,000
GDP: $ 5,381,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 14,370,000,000
Economic growth: 4.2%
GDP share of agriculture: 10.2%
GDP share of industry: 32.3%
GDP share of services: 57.5%
Inflation rate: 2%
State budget revenue: $ 1986 billion
State budget expenditure: $ 2083 billion
National debt: 34.4%
Export: $ 2,230,000,000
Import: $ 2,540,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 876,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 334,000,000
Electricity consumption: 3,027 million KWh
Gas reserves: 62,300 million m³
Oil consumption: 19,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 1 %
Bovine: 2,831,000 pieces
Sheep: 2,520,000 pieces
Fishing: 589,000 t
Residents in cities: 646,400
Average age: 20 years
0-14 years: 38.2%
15-64 years: 58.1%
> 65 years: 3.7%
Population growth: 0.59%
Birth rate: 24.32 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 18.86 / 1,000 residents
Migration: 0.47 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 1.01
Fertility: 3.06 children / woman
Infant mortality: 48.1 ‰
Life expectancy men: 44.46 years
Life expectancy women: 42.29 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: NA
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: NAM
ISO 3166 numeric: 516
Top Level Domain: NA
IOC country code: NAM
UN / LOCODE: NA
Telephone connections: 144,000
Cell Phones: 419,000
Internet users: 155,000
Railway lines: 2,382 km
Paved roads: 5,608 km
Number of doctors: 740
Daily food intake: 2,780 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 240,000
Last sovereign since: 1990
Main religious group: Christians
Prison inmates: 5,600
Armed forces (troop strength): 9,000
Defense Spending: $ 158.7 million
Arriving by plane
The national airline Air Namibia (SW) (Internet: www.airnamibia.com) offers non-stop flights from Frankfurt / M. to Windhoek. The feeder flights from Zurich and Geneva with Lufthansa (LH) to the long-haul Frankfurt – Windhoek flight can be booked in one ticket thanks to an agreement between Air Namibia (SW) and Lufthansa (LH).
Lufthansa (LH) flies from Frankfurt / M. via Johannesburg to Windhoek.
Eurowings (EW) flies from Cologne to Windhoek.
There are no direct flights from Austria or Switzerland. The flights go via Frankfurt / M., Paris or Johannesburg.
Frankfurt – Windhoek: 10 hours; Zurich – Windhoek: 13 hours 30 minutes; Vienna – Windhoek: 15 hours 15 minutes
Arrival by car
The following border crossings exist in the neighboring countries
Oshikango / St. Clara on the B1, Omahenene, Ruacana on the C46 and Rundu (all 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.).
Buitepos via Gobabis on the B6 (07:00 a.m. – 12:00 a.m.). On the Trans-Kalahari expressway in Namibia you should refuel again, the next refueling point in Botswana is only after 400 km. There are also the border crossings Impalila Iland (7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.), Ngoma (7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.) after the Victoria Falls and Mohembo (6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.) when driving through Mahango National Park. The Trans-Caprivi- Schnellweg leads through the Zambezi (formerly Caprivi-Zipfel) and via Botswana to Zimbabwe.
to South Africa:
An asphalt road in the south of the country leads to Upington and Cape Town (South Africa). Other border crossings to South Africa are Rietfontein via Aroab to Klein Menasse (8 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.), Hohlweg (8 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.) on road no.39, Ariamsvlei to Nakop via Karasburg road B3 (open 24 hours), Noordoewer / Velloorsdrivt (open 24 hours).
Wenella at Katima Mulilo (6 a.m. – 6 p.m.).
Bus: Night buses run regularly between Windhoek and Cape Town and Johannesburg. There are other bus connections to Botswana and Zambia. Intercape (Internet: www.intercape.co.za) maintains the following international lines from / to Windhoek: Usakos – to Cape Town (South Africa) via Rehoboth, Mariental, Keetmanshoop and Grünau – to Oshikango – to Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe) – to Johannesburg (South Africa) either via Gaborone (Botswana) or via Upington (South Africa) and Johannesburg (South Africa) to Maputo (Mozambique). Other bus companies are NamVic Shuttle (Windhoek – Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe)) and Ekonolux Liner (Windhoek – Walvis Bay – Cape Town (South Africa)).
Arriving by train
The only international train connection that connects most cities in Namibia with Windhoek runs once a week via Ariamsvlie to South Africa. The two main routes are Johannesburg – De Aar – Keetmanshoop – Windhoek and Cape Town – Windhoek.
Arrival by ship
A modern deep sea port is located in Walvis Bay. ! NamiǂNûs (formerly Lüderitz) has a small harbor.