Namibia Travel Overview

Namibia Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Windhoek

Official language: English

Currency: dollar

Continent: South Africa

Desert and petrified forests

Namibia has long been one of the most popular travel destinations in Africa


According to Countryaah, Namibia is a country in southern Africa and borders in the north on Angola, in the east on Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and in the south on the Republic of South Africa. The Atlantic Ocean forms the western border. The landscape of the country is strongly shaped by the Namib desert, which extends to Angola.


Namibia has only had official independence since 1990. Before that, it was under the administration of the apartheid regime in South Africa. Before that, it was under German colonial administration for a long time, the traces of which can still be seen in many places.


Namibia has been a very popular travel destination since the 1950s. Numerous animal species attract travelers from the region and around the world. Safari was once the main reason for many westerners to hunt big game. Today hunting holidays are only practiced as a photo safari.
A special highlight is the petrified forest in Khorixas in the north of the country, which is under nature protection.

Important facts

Capital: Windhoek

Official language: English


Currency (sub-unit)

Dollars (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

NAD / 516


Continent: Africa

Region: south

Geo coordinates: S -22 ° -57 ‘-27.5 “E 18 ° 29’ 25.5”

Highest mountain: Koenigstein (2,606 m)

Total area: 825,418 km²

Mainland: 825,418 km²

National border: 3,824 km

Coastline: 1,572 km


Dependency: South Africa until 1990 (mandate)

UN member since: 1990

Other political affiliation: Commonwealth


Namibia GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Caraku skins, diamonds

BSP: $ 5,037,000,000

GDP: $ 5,381,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 14,370,000,000

Economic growth: 4.2%

GDP share of agriculture: 10.2%

GDP share of industry: 32.3%

GDP share of services: 57.5%

Inflation rate: 2%

State budget revenue: $ 1986 billion

State budget expenditure: $ 2083 billion

National debt: 34.4%

Export: $ 2,230,000,000

Import: $ 2,540,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 876,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 334,000,000

Electricity consumption: 3,027 million KWh

Gas reserves: 62,300 million m³

Oil consumption: 19,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 1 %

Bovine: 2,831,000 pieces

Sheep: 2,520,000 pieces

Fishing: 589,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 2,044,200

Residents in cities: 646,400

Average age: 20 years

0-14 years: 38.2%

15-64 years: 58.1%

> 65 years: 3.7%

Population growth: 0.59%

Birth rate: 24.32 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 18.86 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 0.47 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.01

Fertility: 3.06 children / woman

Infant mortality: 48.1 ‰

Life expectancy men: 44.46 years

Life expectancy women: 42.29 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: NA

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: NAM

ISO 3166 numeric: 516

Top Level Domain: NA

IOC country code: NAM


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 144,000

Cell Phones: 419,000

Radios: 332,000

TV: 96,000

Computer: 380,000

Internet users: 155,000


Railway lines: 2,382 km

Paved roads: 5,608 km

Cars: 105,000


Number of doctors: 740

Daily food intake: 2,780 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 240,000


Illiteracy: 15%


Foundation: 1990

Last sovereign since: 1990


Main religious group: Christians


Prison inmates: 5,600


Armed forces (troop strength): 9,000

Defense Spending: $ 158.7 million


Arriving by plane

The national airline Air Namibia (SW) (Internet: offers non-stop flights from Frankfurt / M. to Windhoek. The feeder flights from Zurich and Geneva with Lufthansa (LH) to the long-haul Frankfurt – Windhoek flight can be booked in one ticket thanks to an agreement between Air Namibia (SW) and Lufthansa (LH).

Lufthansa (LH) flies from Frankfurt / M. via Johannesburg to Windhoek.

Eurowings (EW) flies from Cologne to Windhoek.

There are no direct flights from Austria or Switzerland. The flights go via Frankfurt / M., Paris or Johannesburg.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Windhoek: 10 hours; Zurich – Windhoek: 13 hours 30 minutes; Vienna – Windhoek: 15 hours 15 minutes

Arrival by car

The following border crossings exist in the neighboring countries
to Angola:
Oshikango / St. Clara on the B1, Omahenene, Ruacana on the C46 and Rundu (all 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.).
to Botswana:
Buitepos via Gobabis on the B6 (07:00 a.m. – 12:00 a.m.). On the Trans-Kalahari expressway in Namibia you should refuel again, the next refueling point in Botswana is only after 400 km. There are also the border crossings Impalila Iland (7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.), Ngoma (7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.) after the Victoria Falls and Mohembo (6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.) when driving through Mahango National Park. The Trans-Caprivi- Schnellweg leads through the Zambezi (formerly Caprivi-Zipfel) and via Botswana to Zimbabwe.
to South Africa:
An asphalt road in the south of the country leads to Upington and Cape Town (South Africa). Other border crossings to South Africa are Rietfontein via Aroab to Klein Menasse (8 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.), Hohlweg (8 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.) on road no.39, Ariamsvlei to Nakop via Karasburg road B3 (open 24 hours), Noordoewer / Velloorsdrivt (open 24 hours).
to Zambia:
Wenella at Katima Mulilo (6 a.m. – 6 p.m.).
Bus: Night buses run regularly between Windhoek and Cape Town and Johannesburg. There are other bus connections to Botswana and Zambia. Intercape (Internet: maintains the following international lines from / to Windhoek: Usakos – to Cape Town (South Africa) via Rehoboth, Mariental, Keetmanshoop and Grünau – to Oshikango – to Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe) – to Johannesburg (South Africa) either via Gaborone (Botswana) or via Upington (South Africa) and Johannesburg (South Africa) to Maputo (Mozambique). Other bus companies are NamVic Shuttle (Windhoek – Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe)) and Ekonolux Liner (Windhoek – Walvis Bay – Cape Town (South Africa)).

Arriving by train

The only international train connection that connects most cities in Namibia with Windhoek runs once a week via Ariamsvlie to South Africa. The two main routes are Johannesburg – De Aar – Keetmanshoop – Windhoek and Cape Town – Windhoek.

Arrival by ship

A modern deep sea port is located in Walvis Bay. ! NamiǂNûs (formerly Lüderitz) has a small harbor.