Moldova Travel Overview
Republic of Moldova
Capital: Chișinău (See more on ITYPEJOB.COM)
Official language: Romanian
Continent: Eastern Europe
Located between Romania and Ukraine, Moldova is looking for a national identity.
According to Countryaah, Moldova, is a landlocked country in south-eastern Europe. It borders Romania in the west. Moldova is surrounded by Ukraine in the north, east and south.
Moldova has been independent since 1991. The eastern part of the country (the so-called “Dniester Republic”) is not under the control of the central government. Traveling there is only possible to a limited extent, it is dangerous and not recommended. some conflict zones where it can be uncomfortable for tourists.
Leu (100 Bani)
ISO 4217 code
MDL / 498
Geo coordinates: N 47 ° 24 ‘41.9 “E 28 ° 22’ 11.6”
Highest mountain: Dealul Balanesti (430 m)
Total area: 33,843 km²
Mainland: 33,371 km²
National border: 1,389 km
Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991
UN member since: 1992
Form of government: Parliamentary republic
Houses of Parliament: unikameral
Party system: Multi-party system
State building: centralized
Political culture: parochial
Particularities: Unclear statutes of the quasi-autonomous separatist areas of Transnistria and Gagauzia
Export goods: Food, light industry
BSP: $ 3,166,000,000
GDP: $ 2,694,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 8,380,000,000
Economic growth: 6.8%
GDP share of agriculture: 20.8%
GDP share of industry: 24.1%
GDP share of services: 55.1%
Inflation rate: 12.3%
State budget revenue: $ 1.163 billion
State budget expenditure: $ 1.154 billion
National debt: 84.3%
Export: $ 1,070,000,000
Import: $ 2,414,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 2,047,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 744,300,000
Electricity consumption: 3,307 million KWh
Gas consumption: 2,440 million m³
Oil consumption: 37,600 million m³
Cultivation area: 63.02%
Bovine: 420,000 pieces
Pigs: 416,000 pieces
Sheep: 818,000 pieces
Residents in cities: 1,996,000
Minorities: Jews and Germans
Average age: 32.3 years
0-14 years: 20%
15-64 years: 69.7%
> 65 years: 10.3%
Population growth: 0.28%
Birth rate: 15.7 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 12.64 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -0.23 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.91
Fertility: 1.85 children / woman
Infant mortality: 38.38 ‰
Life expectancy men: 61.61 years
Life expectancy women: 69.88 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: MD
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: MDA
ISO 3166 numeric: 498
Top Level Domain: md
IOC country code: MDA
UN / LOCODE: MD
Telephone connections: 831,000
Cell Phones: 753,000
Internet users: 420,000
Railway lines: 1,138 km
Paved roads: 11,707 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 2
Number of doctors: 12,040
Daily food intake: 2,790 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 6,600
Illiteracy: 1 %
Last sovereign since: 1991
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: mainly Russian Orthodox, 20,000 Catholics
Prison inmates: 11,000
Armed forces (troop strength): 7,000
Defense Spending: $ 8,700,000
Arriving by plane
The national airlines are Air Moldova (9U) (Internet: www.airmoldova.md) and Moldavian Airlines (2M) (Internet: www.mdv.md). Air Moldova flies from Frankfurt and Vienna to Chisinau. Moldavian Airlines, Transaero (Internet: www.transaero.ru), Tarom (RO) (Internet: www.tarom.de) and Austrian Airlines (OS) offer regular flights to Moldova.
Lufthansa (LH) flies daily from Munich to Chisniau.
Wizz Air (W6) connects Berlin with Chisinau.
Austrian Airlines (OS) flies from Vienna to Iasi.
In addition, charter flights from Germany, France, Romania, Turkey, the former member states of the Soviet Union, the Netherlands, Hungary and Israel.
Berlin – Chisinau: 3 hours; Frankfurt – Chisinau: 2 hours 30 minutes; Vienna – Chisinau: 4 hours
Arrival by car
Car : There are border crossings from Ukraine (Drepcauti border station) and Romania (Leuscheni, Sculeni and Giurgiulesti border stations). Distance between Chisinau and Odessa: 183 km. The road conditions vary greatly depending on the region and are often not illuminated. There may be fuel bottlenecks, so a reserve canister should always be carried. The international green insurance card is recognized; if it is not available, short-term insurance must be taken out at the border. It is also recommended that you take out a short comprehensive insurance and passenger accident insurance in your home country that is valid in Moldova.
Bus: There are regular bus connections between Chisinau and Bucharest and Kiev as well as to Romania, Ukraine and Western Europe.
Arriving by train
Good train connections from Moscow (travel time 27-32 hours and Kiev / Ukraine (25 hours) to Chisinau. Regular train services from Odessa / Ukraine (5 hours) as well as Bucharest / Romania (11 hours 30 minutes) and Sofia / Bulgaria (23 hours) via Ungheni.
Arrival by ship
The Danube (Internet: www.danube-river.org) connects Moldova with the Danube countries.
ON THE GO
On the way by car / bus
The road network covers more than 13,000 km, of which around 11,000 km are paved. The road conditions outside of Chisniau are i. General inadequate. Right-hand traffic.
Buses run between most towns and cities. Further information is available at the main bus station in Chisinau (Tel: (02) 54 21 85) or at the Southeast Bus Station (Tel: (02) 72 39 83).
Taxis are usually waiting in front of the major international hotels. Fares should be agreed in advance (drivers prefer to pay by the hour).
Car be of Moldova-Tur (www.moldovatur.com mediated) either with or without a driver. The calculation is done either per kilometer or on a daily basis. Avis and Hertzhave offices in Chisinau. In some hotels, rental cars can also be hired with an English-speaking driver.
Documents: International Driving License and International Green Insurance Card.
Traveling in the city
Buses, trolleybuses, and minibuses are very cheap, but overcrowded and unreliable. The buses run every 15 minutes between 5 a.m. and midnight. Tickets available in the kiosk or from the driver. Tickets for minibuses are available from the driver.
Taxis are available in front of hotels, restaurants and parking lots.
On the go by train
The rail network covers around 1,300 km. Daily train connections from Chisinau to Ocnita, Tighina and Ungheni as well as good connections to all parts of the country. Further information is available from Calea Ferata din Moldova (Internet: www.railway.md. Tel: (02) 25 27 37 or (2) 25 27 35).