Europe

Moldova Travel Overview

Republic of Moldova

Important facts

Capital: Chi? In? U

Official language: Romanian

Currency: Leu

Continent: Eastern Europe

Republic of Moldova

Vacation Moldova

Located between Romania and Ukraine, Moldova is looking for a national identity.

Location

According to Countryaah, Moldova, is a landlocked country in south-eastern Europe. It borders Romania in the west. Moldova is surrounded by Ukraine in the north, east and south.

security

Moldova has been independent since 1991. The eastern part of the country (the so-called “Dniester Republic”) is not under the control of the central government. Traveling there is only possible to a limited extent, it is dangerous and not recommended. some conflict zones where it can be uncomfortable for tourists.

Important facts

Alternative name: Republic of Moldova

Capital: Chi? In? U

Official language: Romanian

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Leu (100 Bani)

ISO 4217 code

MDL / 498

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: east

Geo coordinates: N 47 ° 24 ‘41.9 “E 28 ° 22’ 11.6”

Highest mountain: Dealul Balanesti (430 m)

Total area: 33,843 km²

Mainland: 33,371 km²

National border: 1,389 km

Politics

Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991

UN member since: 1992

Form of government: Parliamentary republic

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized

Political culture: parochial

Particularities: Unclear statutes of the quasi-autonomous separatist areas of Transnistria and Gagauzia

Economy

Moldova GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Food, light industry

BSP: $ 3,166,000,000

GDP: $ 2,694,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 8,380,000,000

Economic growth: 6.8%

GDP share of agriculture: 20.8%

GDP share of industry: 24.1%

GDP share of services: 55.1%

Inflation rate: 12.3%

State budget revenue: $ 1.163 billion

State budget expenditure: $ 1.154 billion

National debt: 84.3%

Export: $ 1,070,000,000

Import: $ 2,414,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 2,047,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 744,300,000

Electricity consumption: 3,307 million KWh

Gas consumption: 2,440 million m³

Oil consumption: 37,600 million m³

Cultivation area: 63.02%

Bovine: 420,000 pieces

Pigs: 416,000 pieces

Sheep: 818,000 pieces

Demographic data

Residents: 4,466,700

Residents in cities: 1,996,000

Minorities: Jews and Germans

Average age: 32.3 years

0-14 years: 20%

15-64 years: 69.7%

> 65 years: 10.3%

Population growth: 0.28%

Birth rate: 15.7 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 12.64 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.23 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.91

Fertility: 1.85 children / woman

Infant mortality: 38.38 ‰

Life expectancy men: 61.61 years

Life expectancy women: 69.88 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: MD

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: MDA

ISO 3166 numeric: 498

Top Level Domain: md

IOC country code: MDA

UN / LOCODE: MD

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 831,000

Cell Phones: 753,000

Radios: 3,330,000

TV: 1,630,000

Computer: 123,000

Internet users: 420,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 1,138 km

Paved roads: 11,707 km

Cars: 315,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 2

Pipelines: 970

Health

Number of doctors: 12,040

Daily food intake: 2,790 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 6,600

Education

Illiteracy: 1 %

History

Foundation: 1362

Last sovereign since: 1991

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: mainly Russian Orthodox, 20,000 Catholics

Crime

Prison inmates: 11,000

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 7,000

Warplanes: 5

Helicopter: 10

Defense Spending: $ 8,700,000

GETTING THERE

Arriving by plane

The national airlines are Air Moldova (9U) (Internet: www.airmoldova.md) and Moldavian Airlines (2M) (Internet: www.mdv.md). Air Moldova flies from Frankfurt and Vienna to Chisinau. Moldavian Airlines, Transaero (Internet: www.transaero.ru), Tarom (RO) (Internet: www.tarom.de) and Austrian Airlines (OS) offer regular flights to Moldova.

Lufthansa (LH) flies daily from Munich to Chisniau.

Wizz Air (W6) connects Berlin with Chisinau.

Austrian Airlines (OS) flies from Vienna to Iasi.

In addition, charter flights from Germany, France, Romania, Turkey, the former member states of the Soviet Union, the Netherlands, Hungary and Israel.

Flight times

Berlin – Chisinau: 3 hours; Frankfurt – Chisinau: 2 hours 30 minutes; Vienna – Chisinau: 4 hours

Departure fee

No.

Arrival by car

Car : There are border crossings from Ukraine (Drepcauti border station) and Romania (Leuscheni, Sculeni and Giurgiulesti border stations). Distance between Chisinau and Odessa: 183 km. The road conditions vary greatly depending on the region and are often not illuminated. There may be fuel bottlenecks, so a reserve canister should always be carried. The international green insurance card is recognized; if it is not available, short-term insurance must be taken out at the border. It is also recommended that you take out a short comprehensive insurance and passenger accident insurance in your home country that is valid in Moldova.

Bus:
There are regular bus connections between Chisinau and Bucharest and Kiev as well as to Romania, Ukraine and Western Europe.

Arriving by train

Good train connections from Moscow (travel time 27-32 hours and Kiev / Ukraine (25 hours) to Chisinau. Regular train services from Odessa / Ukraine (5 hours) as well as Bucharest / Romania (11 hours 30 minutes) and Sofia / Bulgaria (23 hours) via Ungheni.

Arrival by ship

The Danube (Internet: www.danube-river.org) connects Moldova with the Danube countries.

ON THE GO

On the way by car / bus

The road network covers more than 13,000 km, of which around 11,000 km are paved. The road conditions outside of Chisniau are i. General inadequate. Right-hand traffic.

Buses
run between most towns and cities. Further information is available at the main bus station in Chisinau (Tel: (02) 54 21 85) or at the Southeast Bus Station (Tel: (02) 72 39 83).

Taxis
are usually waiting in front of the major international hotels. Fares should be agreed in advance (drivers prefer to pay by the hour).

Car
be of Moldova-Tur (www.moldovatur.com mediated) either with or without a driver. The calculation is done either per kilometer or on a daily basis. Avis and Hertzhave offices in Chisinau. In some hotels, rental cars can also be hired with an English-speaking driver.

Documents:
International Driving License and International Green Insurance Card.

Traveling in the city

Buses, trolleybuses, and minibuses are very cheap, but overcrowded and unreliable. The buses run every 15 minutes between 5 a.m. and midnight. Tickets available in the kiosk or from the driver. Tickets for minibuses are available from the driver.

Taxis are available in front of hotels, restaurants and parking lots.

On the go by train

The rail network covers around 1,300 km. Daily train connections from Chisinau to Ocnita, Tighina and Ungheni as well as good connections to all parts of the country. Further information is available from Calea Ferata din Moldova (Internet: www.railway.md. Tel: (02) 25 27 37 or (2) 25 27 35).