Mississippi History

Mississippi History

Mississippi is an American state named after the Mississippi River, where the famous river steamers sailed, as Mark Twain portrayed in his tales. The state’s largest city and capital is Jackson.

The Mississippi borders Tennessee to the north, Alabama to the east, Louisiana and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Louisiana and Arkansas to the west (across the Mississippi River ).

Native Americans who inhabited the area before the arrival of Europeans were the tribes chickasaw and choctaw. Other tribes that lived in the Mississippi area and whose names local cities are named after are natchez, yazoo, and biloxi.

A series of racial segregation laws enacted in the first half of the 20th century resulted in nearly half a million, three-quarters of them black, emigrating in the 1940s. At the same time, the Mississippi became the hotbed of American musical traditions. Gospel, country, jazz, blues and rock and roll were invented and disseminated by – or were strongly inspired by musicians – from the state. The Mississippi is also known for its writers in the early 20th century as especially William Faulkner and Tennessee Williams.

The Mississippi was a hotbed of the United States civil rights movement. The actions and attitudes of many white politicians, local involvement in the movement White Citizens’ Council and the violent tactics of the Ku Klux Klan gave Mississippi a reputation as a reactionary state in the 1960s.┬áSee directoryaah for museums in Mississippi.

TIMELINE:

1540 – The first Europeans to explore the area were Hernando de Soto’s expedition.

1699 – The first European settlement, Ocean Springs, is established.

1716 – The city of Natchez was founded on the Mississippi River as Fort Rosalie, and became the dominant city and trading post in the area.

1729 – French settlers at Fort Rosalie are massacred by the Natchez Indians.

1732 – French settlers retaliate against the Natchez Indians ; the trunk was completely wiped out.

1736 – The Chickasaw Indians defeat the French settlers at the Battle of Ackia.

1805 – Choctaw Indians sell 4.5 million acres of land to the United States.

1817 – Mississippi becomes December 10, the 20th state in the United States.

1822 – Jackson, becomes the state’s new capital.

1826 – The city of Vicksburg is established, named after “Newitt Vick”, a Methodist priest who was a conscientious objector during the War of Independence in 1776. The city is also known for its role during the American Civil War where the city was the center of the Vicksburg campaign.

1861 – Mississippi was on January 9 the other Land, who broke out of the Union of the Confederate States of America, which was defeated during the American Civil War. Mississippi rejoined the Union on February 23, 1870.

1863 – Slavery is abolished.

1865 – John Batterson Stetson, became the inventor of the cowboy hat, called the Stetsons, immortalized in western movies, and the hat was also used by Western legends, such as ” Buffalo Bill “, Calamity Jane, Will Rogers and Annie Oakley. It is also said that George Custer rode into battle at Little Big Horn with a Stetson on his head.

1879 – Jesse James’ gang robs two stores in Washington, MS, and in Fayette, Jefferson County. The gang escaped with $ 2,000 in the second robbery, and hid on Kemp’s plantation south of St. Louis. Joseph, louisiana. Jesse James wanted to live three more years until he met his fate from one of his friends in the gang, Robert Ford, in another town that also happened to be called St. Joseph and Missouri.

1902 – While on a hunting expedition in Sharkey County, President Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt refuses to shoot a captured bear. That’s how he got his nickname.

1927 – The Mississippi River floods 2,722,000 acres of land in the Delta ; thousands became homeless.

1935 – Elvis Presley was born on January 8 in Tupelo. In 1948, they moved to Memphis, TN.

1939 – The first oil well is drilled in Yazoo County.

1962 – James Meredith, becomes the first black registrant at the University of Mississippi.

1963 – The University of Mississippi Medical Center is the first to obtain a lung transplant, and the following year, on January 23, 1964, Dr. James D. Hardy The world’s first heart transplant.

1966 – The state is the last to lift the liquor ban.

1969 – On August 17, 1969, Hurricane Camille hits the Mississippi coast, killing 248 people and injuring $ 1.5 billion. USD.

1973 – UFO MYTH: Pascagoula became famous on October 11, when two local fishermen, Charles Hickson and Calvin Parker, claimed to have been abducted by aliens at Pascagoula pier. Hickson wrote a book about his experience entitled UFO Contact In Pascagoula. Read more here. On September 9, 2011, Hickson died at the age of 80. He stood by his story until his death. Subsequently, the case was investigated and it is confirmed that at the place where the incident is said to have happened, workers who were on 24-hour duty could confirm that nothing unusual happened that night. Nothing was intercepted from the surveillance cameras either. Watch a documentary on Youtube.

1979 – Floods cause extensive damage to Jackson and other Pearl River towns.

1992 – Tornadoes ravage November, killing 15, injuring 300.

1995 – The 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery, was symbolically added to the United States Constitution, after many years of delay. However, the addition was in practice in Mississippi long before ratification.

2005 – On June 21, former Ku Klux Klan member Edgar Ray Killen ( read here ) is found guilty of the murder of three civil rights activists – James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner, whom he committed in 1964. He appealed, but his sentence was three times 20 years in prison. The film ” Mississippi Burning “, released in 1988, is based on this case. The film was shot in Braxton, Canton, Jackson, New Hebron, Port Gibson, Bovina, Vaiden, Vicksburg and in LaFayette, Alabama.

Ocean Springs was severely damaged on August 29, during Hurricane Katrina, which destroyed many coastal cities from Louisiana to Alabama, including the Ocean Springs Yacht Club and historic Fort Maurepas. About 238 dead, 67 missing and billions of dollars in injuries.

2010 – A tornado strikes in April from 22-25 southeast Mississippi, killing ten, state of emergency was declared in 17 counties.

Mississippi History