Mexico Travel Overview

Mexico Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Mexico City

Official language: Spanish

Currency: Peso 1MXN = 0.05EUR

Continent: Central North America

The United Mexican States

According to Countryaah, Mexico is best known in our latitudes as the land of tequilla, chilli, tortilla and sombrero. The United Mexican States – or Mexico for short – are located in North America and consist of 31 states. The official language is Spanish, but there are also 62 other recognized Indian languages.

Although Mexico is roughly five to six times the size of Germany, Mexico has only three neighboring countries: the United States of America, Guatemala, and Belize.

Mexico City

The capital of Mexico is Mexico City. Mexico City is the political, economic, social and cultural hub of Mexico. There are many sights to discover in Mexico City. For example, the baroque Zócalo Cathedral, Chapultepec Castle, the Torre Mayor and the Paseo de la Reforma. There are numerous monuments along the Paseo de la Reforma. Including a small memorial by the government of Austriawas set up under Bruno Kreisky. It should be a reminder of the years after 1938. During this time Mexico allowed many refugees from Austria and other European countries to enter and was the only country in the League of Nations not to recognize the annexation of Austria to Germany (and the associated annihilation of Austria).

The district of Xochimilco, which has been included in the list of world cultural heritage by UNESCO, is particularly worth seeing. The ” floating gardens ” in particular attract many tourists who spend their vacation in Mexico City to Xochimilco. The floating gardens are a labyrinth of man-made canals through which one is chauffeured with colorfully decorated fins. Sometimes Xochimilco is therefore also called The Venice of Mexico, and the university campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México has also been included in the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.

Beach vacation and beach vacation in Mexico

Mexico is ideal for a beach vacation and beach vacation. There are a variety of gorgeous beaches on the Caribbean coast and the Atlantic coast. Mexico is therefore also a very popular destination for a diving holiday. Especially the area on the Caribbean coast between Cancun and Chetumal has many unique landscapes for diving.

But Mexico is not just a destination for a beach vacation or bathing vacation, it also has many sights and cultural experiences to offer. A few kilometers northeast of Mexico City is Teotithuacan, the city of the gods. Teotithuacan is a ruined city with huge pyramids. The landmark of Teotithuacan is the “Pirámide del Sol” – or in German the sun pyramid

A trip to the Yucatan peninsula is recommended for those who would like to combine beach holidays and bathing holidays with sightseeing during their vacation. On the one hand, the Riviera Maya, the Caribbean coast between Cancun and Chetumal, is very popular among holidaymakers for a beach holiday and bathing holiday. And on the other hand, the Yucatan was the main settlement area of ​​the Maya. That is why there are still many temples, ruined cities and pyramids that can be visited today.

Important facts

Capital: Mexico City

Official language: Spanish

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Peso (100 centavos)

ISO 4217 code

MXN / 484

Currency (sub-unit)

Mexican Unidad de Inversion (UDI)

ISO 4217 code

MXV / 979

Geography

Continent: North America

Region: medium

Geo coordinates: N 23 ° 38 ‘4.2 ” W -102 ° -33’ -10″

Highest mountain: Volcan Pico de Orizaba (5,700 m)

Total area: 1,972,550 km²

Mainland: 1,923,040 km²

National border: 4,538 km

Coastline: 9,330 km

Politics

Dependency: Spain until 1810

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: Organization of American States

Form of government: Federal Republic

Houses of Parliament: bikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: federal

Political culture: u

Economy

Mexico GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Petroleum, metals, textiles

BSP: $ 812,667,000,000

GDP: $ 789,120,200,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 1.131.4 billion

Economic growth: 3.7%

GDP share of agriculture: 3.6%

GDP share of industry: 26.2%

GDP share of services: 70.2%

Inflation rate: 4.3%

Unemployment: 3.9%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 15.6%

Export: $ 236.7 billion

Import: $ 244.3 billion

Foreign debt: $ 129.7 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 86.790 billion

Electricity consumption: 211,000 million KWh

Gas reserves: 424,300 million m³

Gas production: 53,000 million m³

Gas consumption: 61,000 million m³

Oil reserves: 33,310 million m³

Oil production: 3,490,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 1,812,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 13.91%

Bovine: 30,124,000 pieces

Pigs: 19,196,000 pieces

Sheep: 7,120,000 pieces

Fishing: 1,610,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 107,449,600

Residents in cities: 79,484,000

Minorities: approx. 12 million Indians

Average age: 25.3 years

0-14 years: 30.6%

15-64 years: 63.6%

> 65 years: 5.8%

Population growth: 1.16%

Birth rate: 20.69 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 4.74 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -4.32 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.96

Fertility: 2.42 children / woman

Infant mortality: 20.26 ‰

Life expectancy men: 72.63 years

Life expectancy women: 78.33 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: MX

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: MEX

ISO 3166 numeric: 484

Top Level Domain: mx

IOC country code: MEX

UN / LOCODE: MX

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 19,970,000

Cell Phones: 53,280,000

Radios: 35,000,000

TV: 35,070,000

Computer: 13,030,000

Internet users: 20,600,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 16,874 km

Paved roads: 128,073 km

of which expressways: 6,429 km

Cars: 12,792,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 56

Pipelines: 53.004

Health

Number of doctors: 171,240

Daily food intake: 3.180 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 178,000

Education

Illiteracy: 7%

History

Foundation: 1325

Last sovereign since: 1810

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: 87% Roman Catholic

Crime

Prison inmates: 194,300

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 194,000

Battleships: 11

Warplanes: 110

Defense Spending: $ 6,143,000,000

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