Capital: La Valetta
Official language: Maltese, English
Currency: Euro (exchange rates)
Continent: Southern Europe
The island state of Malta
According to Countryaah, the Republic of Malta is an island nation and is located in the Mediterranean Sea. The archipelago consists of three islands: Malta, Cozo and Comino. The largest island is Malta. Malta is also the economic, cultural and administrative center.
Malta was a colony of Great Britain for a long time until gaining independence in 1964. Relics from this colonial era can still be found today. For example, English is – besides Maltese – the second official language of the archipelago and there is still left-hand traffic on Malta or.
The capital of Malta is Valletta. Valletta is the center of Malta, because it is not only the seat of government, but there is also a large bus terminal from which you can reach all areas of the island. In 1980, Valletta was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. So there are many sights to visit, such as the Grand Master’s Palace, which is now the Maltese Parliament, or the Auberge de Castille, the former palace of the Knights of St. John and today’s seat of the Prime Minister of Malta.Other sights are: botanical garden, the city gate of Valletta and St. John’s Co-Cathedral. St. John’s Co-Cathedral is dedicated to John the Baptist, who is the patron saint of the Order of St. John, and houses Caravaggio’s painting “The Beheading of John the Baptist”.
Beach vacation and beach vacation in Malta
Malta is best known as a destination for a beach holiday or beach holiday. Although the Maltese islands are largely made of stone and rocks, there are still many sandy beaches and bays that are ideal for bathing and swimming. Well-known and popular beaches on the island of Malta are, for example, Golden Bay, Mellieha Bay or Armier Bay.
Capital: La Valetta
Official language: Maltese, English
Euro (100 cents)
ISO 4217 code
EUR / 978
Geo coordinates: N 35 ° 56 ’15 ” E 14 ° 22′ 31.5″
Highest mountain: Ta’Dmejrek (253 m)
Total area: 316 km²
Mainland: 316 km²
Coastline: 140 km
Dependency: Great Britain until 1964
UN member since: 1964
Other political affiliation: European Union since 2004
Form of government: Parliamentary republic
Houses of Parliament: unikammeral House of Representatives (65 seats)
Party system: de facto two-party system 1st conservative Partit Nazzionalista (PN) 2nd socialist Malta Labor Party (MLP)
State building: centralized 3 regions 6 districts 68 administrative units
Political culture: Civic culture
Export goods: Early vegetables, wine, oil
BSP: $ 5,872,000,000
GDP: $ 6,122,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 8,340,000,000
Economic growth: 1.4%
Inflation rate: 3.3%
State budget revenue: $ 2648 billion
State budget expenditure: $ 2983,000,000
Export: $ 2,892,000,000
Import: $ 4,157,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 208,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 2,642,000,000
Electricity consumption: 1,989 million KWh
Oil consumption: 18,300 million m³
Cultivation area: 35.17%
Pigs: 85,000 pieces
Fishing: 1,160,000 t
Residents in cities: 359,600
Minorities: 2% Muslim (Libyans)
Average age: 38.7 years
0-14 years: 17.1%
15-64 years: 69.1%
> 65 years: 13.8%
Population growth: 0.42%
Birth rate: 10.22 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 8.1 / 1,000 residents
Migration: 2.05 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.99
Fertility: 1.5 children / woman
Infant mortality: 3.86 ‰
Life expectancy men: 76.83 years
Life expectancy women: 81.31 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: MT
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: MLT
ISO 3166 numeric: 470
Top Level Domain: mt
IOC country code: MLT
UN / LOCODE: MT
Telephone connections: 214,000
Cell Phones: 370,000
Internet users: 260,000
Paved roads: 2,020 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 1,220
Number of doctors: 970
Daily food intake: 3,510 kcal / resident
Last sovereign since: 1964
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: 98% Catholics
Prison inmates: 300
Armed forces (troop strength): 2,000
Defense Spending: $ 42.7 million
Arriving by plane
Air Malta (KM) (Internet: www.airmalta.de), Malta’s national airline, offers regular flight connections from all major cities in Europe and the Middle East. From Germany, Air Malta (KM) flies from Munich to Malta. Lufthansa (LH), Austrian Airlines (OS) and Swiss International (LX) have non-stop flights to Malta.
Frankfurt – Malta: 2 hours 25 minutes; Vienna – Malta: 2 hours 25 minutes; Zurich – Malta: 2 hours 15 minutes
Arrival by ship
The main ports are Grand Harbor / Valletta, Marsaxlokk on Malta and Mgarr on Gozo.
Valletta is an integral part of almost all cruises in the Mediterranean. Cruise lines such as MSC Cruises, Costa Cruises and Silversea Cruises call at Malta.
There are regular ferry connections between Malta and Italy (Genoa, Reggio di Calabria, Salerno, Catania, Licata and Pozzallo in Sicily) (Grimaldi Group, OF Gollcher & Sons Ltd., Tel: (+356) 21 22 09 40).
Several car ferries (travel time 3 hours) and a high-speed catamaran(Journey time 1 hour 30) operate between Malta and Sicily (Virtu Ferries Ltd., Tel: (089) 89 66 47 35. Internet: www.virtuferries.com).
Advance booking is strongly recommended for most ferries.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
Harbourair (Internet: www.harbourairmalta.com) offers connections between Grand Harbor / Valletta and Mgarr Harbor / Gozo by seaplane.
On the way by car / bus
Petrol stations usually close at 6 p.m. Mon-Sat, and only a few are open on Sundays. However, fuel terminals are increasingly securing the supply around the clock. Unleaded petrol is now available at some petrol stations.
Bus:The main bus station is in Valletta, just outside the city gate. The buses in Malta are orange and show the route number on the front. They go to and from Valletta. A few drive on circular routes, but this is not the norm. An express bus connects the main vacation spots with Sliema, Marsaxlokk, Mdina, the Three Cities and the main sandy beaches. All buses to Valletta cross the suburb of Floriana. The X6 express bus shuttles between Valletta and Cirkewwa, where the pier for the ferry to the neighboring island of Gozo is located. Route X1 serves the Cirkewwa-Malta International Airport route. Further information on bus connections can be found at www.arriva.com.mt.
In the cities and villages, the bus station is generally located on or near the main square. Practically every corner of the island can be reached by bus. The average bus journey time in Malta is 20 to 30 minutes, with the longest 50 minutes.
Gozo is easy to get to by public transport. You take a bus to Cirkewwa, switch to the ferry as a pedestrian and board the bus in Gozo to travel to the capital Victoria. In Gozo, the bus station is on Main Gate Street, Victoria. The buses in Gozo are gray with a red stripe and also have the route number on the front. In contrast to Malta, the Gozo buses operate circular routes that run to and from Victoria without the bus stopping on the way. A regular bus, route 25, runs to and from Mgarr and is coordinated with the ferry timetable. Further information can be obtained from the Public Transport Association (Assocjazzjoni Trasport Pubbliku) ATP (Internet: www.atp.com.mt) or can be found at www.maltatransport.com/en).
Taxis: The taxis can be recognized by their white color. All taxis have meter counters and are required to charge government-set rates. But you should agree on the price with the driver before starting the journey.
Taxis at the airport have a different system. At the international airport you pay at the taxi ticket counter in the arrivals hall before you travel. You will receive a ticket showing the destination and the fee paid. At the end of the journey you give the ticket to the driver. If the destination is changed while driving, the driver must switch on the charge meter. Complaints should be directed to the public transport authority, Tel: (00356) 21 43 84 75.
Rental cars: There is a large selection of car rental companies. Hertz, Dollar-Thrifty, Avis, Sixt, Europcar and other companies have offices in Malta International Airport in Luqa. The car rental fees in Malta are among the cheapest in Europe. Rental cars can be recognized by their number plates, which have three letters and three-digit numbers. If you want to rent a car, you must be at least 21 years old and have a valid driver’s license.
Documents: A valid national driver’s license is sufficient for German, Austrian and Swiss citizens. For nationals of EU and EFTA countries, the license plate is used as proof of insurance. Nevertheless, EU and EFTA citizens are recommended to use the International Green Insurance Cardtake with you in order to benefit from full insurance cover in the event of any damage. Otherwise, the statutory minimum liability insurance coverage applies. The green card can also make it easier to record accidents.
Overtaking is on the right, but the right-of-way rules apply right to left. In the roundabout, unless otherwise indicated, the vehicles in the circle have right of way.
Blood alcohol limit: 0.8.
The maximum speed is 80 km / h on motorways and country roads,
in built-up areas 50 km / h.
Out and about by ship
A passenger / car ferry runs every hour between Cirkewwa (Malta) and Mgarr (Gozo) (journey time: 30 minutes). There is also a ferry connection from Mgarr to Sa Maison (Malta). Further information from the Gozo Channel Company Ltd. (Internet: www.gozochannel.com) , Hay Wharf, San Maison in Malta (Tel: 21 24 39 64). Reservation of parking spaces is not possible. It is therefore advisable to be at the departure point as early as possible.