Malta Travel Overview

Malta Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: La Valetta (See more on ITYPEJOB.COM)

Official language: Maltese, English

Currency: Euro (exchange rates)

Continent: Southern Europe

The island state of Malta

According to Countryaah, the Republic of Malta is an island nation and is located in the Mediterranean Sea. The archipelago consists of three islands: Malta, Cozo and Comino. The largest island is Malta. Malta is also the economic, cultural and administrative center.

Malta was a colony of Great Britain for a long time until gaining independence in 1964. Relics from this colonial era can still be found today. For example, English is – besides Maltese – the second official language of the archipelago and there is still left-hand traffic on Malta or.


The capital of Malta is Valletta. Valletta is the center of Malta, because it is not only the seat of government, but there is also a large bus terminal from which you can reach all areas of the island. In 1980, Valletta was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. So there are many sights to visit, such as the Grand Master’s Palace, which is now the Maltese Parliament, or the Auberge de Castille, the former palace of the Knights of St. John and today’s seat of the Prime Minister of Malta.Other sights are: botanical garden, the city gate of Valletta and St. John’s Co-Cathedral. St. John’s Co-Cathedral is dedicated to John the Baptist, who is the patron saint of the Order of St. John, and houses Caravaggio’s painting “The Beheading of John the Baptist”.

Beach vacation and beach vacation in Malta

Malta is best known as a destination for a beach holiday or beach holiday. Although the Maltese islands are largely made of stone and rocks, there are still many sandy beaches and bays that are ideal for bathing and swimming. Well-known and popular beaches on the island of Malta are, for example, Golden Bay, Mellieha Bay or Armier Bay.


Currency (sub-unit)

Euro (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

EUR / 978


Continent: Europe

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 35 ° 56 ’15 ” E 14 ° 22′ 31.5″

Highest mountain: Ta’Dmejrek (253 m)

Total area: 316 km²

Mainland: 316 km²

Coastline: 140 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 1964

UN member since: 1964

Other political affiliation: European Union since 2004

Form of government: Parliamentary republic

Houses of Parliament: unikammeral House of Representatives (65 seats)

Party system: de facto two-party system 1st conservative Partit Nazzionalista (PN) 2nd socialist Malta Labor Party (MLP)

State building: centralized 3 regions 6 districts 68 administrative units

Political culture: Civic culture


Malta GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Early vegetables, wine, oil

BSP: $ 5,872,000,000

GDP: $ 6,122,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 8,340,000,000

Economic growth: 1.4%

Inflation rate: 3.3%

Unemployment: 7.7%

State budget revenue: $ 2648 billion

State budget expenditure: $ 2983,000,000

Export: $ 2,892,000,000

Import: $ 4,157,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 208,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 2,642,000,000

Electricity consumption: 1,989 million KWh

Oil consumption: 18,300 million m³

Cultivation area: 35.17%

Pigs: 85,000 pieces

Fishing: 1,160,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 400,200

Residents in cities: 359,600

Minorities: 2% Muslim (Libyans)

Average age: 38.7 years

0-14 years: 17.1%

15-64 years: 69.1%

> 65 years: 13.8%

Population growth: 0.42%

Birth rate: 10.22 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 8.1 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 2.05 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.99

Fertility: 1.5 children / woman

Infant mortality: 3.86 ‰

Life expectancy men: 76.83 years

Life expectancy women: 81.31 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: MT

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: MLT

ISO 3166 numeric: 470

Top Level Domain: mt

IOC country code: MLT


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 214,000

Cell Phones: 370,000

Radios: 316,000

TV: 248,000

Computer: 160,000

Internet users: 260,000


Paved roads: 2,020 km

Cars: 246,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 1,220


Number of doctors: 970

Daily food intake: 3,510 kcal / resident


Illiteracy: 7%


Foundation: 1530

Last sovereign since: 1964


Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: 98% Catholics


Prison inmates: 300


Armed forces (troop strength): 2,000

Warplanes: 5

Helicopter: 10

Defense Spending: $ 42.7 million


Arriving by plane

Scheduled flights:
Air Malta (KM) (Internet:, Malta’s national airline, offers regular flight connections from all major cities in Europe and the Middle East. From Germany, Air Malta (KM) flies from Munich to Malta. Lufthansa (LH), Austrian Airlines (OS) and Swiss International (LX) have non-stop flights to Malta.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Malta: 2 hours 25 minutes; Vienna – Malta: 2 hours 25 minutes; Zurich – Malta: 2 hours 15 minutes

Arrival by ship

The main ports are Grand Harbor / Valletta, Marsaxlokk on Malta and Mgarr on Gozo.

Valletta is an integral part of almost all cruises in the Mediterranean. Cruise lines such as MSC Cruises, Costa Cruises and Silversea Cruises call at Malta.

There are regular ferry connections between Malta and Italy (Genoa, Reggio di Calabria, Salerno, Catania, Licata and Pozzallo in Sicily) (Grimaldi Group, OF Gollcher & Sons Ltd., Tel: (+356) 21 22 09 40).

Several car ferries (travel time 3 hours) and a high-speed catamaran(Journey time 1 hour 30) operate between Malta and Sicily (Virtu Ferries Ltd., Tel: (089) 89 66 47 35. Internet:

Advance booking is strongly recommended for most ferries.


Traveling by plane

Harbourair (Internet: offers connections between Grand Harbor / Valletta and Mgarr Harbor / Gozo by seaplane.

On the way by car / bus

Petrol stations usually close at 6 p.m. Mon-Sat, and only a few are open on Sundays. However, fuel terminals are increasingly securing the supply around the clock. Unleaded petrol is now available at some petrol stations.

The main bus station is in Valletta, just outside the city gate. The buses in Malta are orange and show the route number on the front. They go to and from Valletta. A few drive on circular routes, but this is not the norm. An express bus connects the main vacation spots with Sliema, Marsaxlokk, Mdina, the Three Cities and the main sandy beaches. All buses to Valletta cross the suburb of Floriana. The X6 express bus shuttles between Valletta and Cirkewwa, where the pier for the ferry to the neighboring island of Gozo is located. Route X1 serves the Cirkewwa-Malta International Airport route. Further information on bus connections can be found at

In the cities and villages, the bus station is generally located on or near the main square. Practically every corner of the island can be reached by bus. The average bus journey time in Malta is 20 to 30 minutes, with the longest 50 minutes.

Gozo is easy to get to by public transport. You take a bus to Cirkewwa, switch to the ferry as a pedestrian and board the bus in Gozo to travel to the capital Victoria. In Gozo, the bus station is on Main Gate Street, Victoria. The buses in Gozo are gray with a red stripe and also have the route number on the front. In contrast to Malta, the Gozo buses operate circular routes that run to and from Victoria without the bus stopping on the way. A regular bus, route 25, runs to and from Mgarr and is coordinated with the ferry timetable. Further information can be obtained from the Public Transport Association (Assocjazzjoni Trasport Pubbliku) ATP (Internet: or can be found at

The taxis can be recognized by their white color. All taxis have meter counters and are required to charge government-set rates. But you should agree on the price with the driver before starting the journey.

Taxis at the airport have a different system. At the international airport you pay at the taxi ticket counter in the arrivals hall before you travel. You will receive a ticket showing the destination and the fee paid. At the end of the journey you give the ticket to the driver. If the destination is changed while driving, the driver must switch on the charge meter. Complaints should be directed to the public transport authority, Tel: (00356) 21 43 84 75.

Rental cars:
There is a large selection of car rental companies. Hertz, Dollar-Thrifty, Avis, Sixt, Europcar and other companies have offices in Malta International Airport in Luqa. The car rental fees in Malta are among the cheapest in Europe. Rental cars can be recognized by their number plates, which have three letters and three-digit numbers. If you want to rent a car, you must be at least 21 years old and have a valid driver’s license.

A valid national driver’s license is sufficient for German, Austrian and Swiss citizens. For nationals of EU and EFTA countries, the license plate is used as proof of insurance. Nevertheless, EU and EFTA citizens are recommended to use the International Green Insurance Cardtake with you in order to benefit from full insurance cover in the event of any damage. Otherwise, the statutory minimum liability insurance coverage applies. The green card can also make it easier to record accidents.

Traffic regulations:
left-hand traffic.
Overtaking is on the right, but the right-of-way rules apply right to left. In the roundabout, unless otherwise indicated, the vehicles in the circle have right of way.
Blood alcohol limit: 0.8.

Speed limits:
The maximum speed is 80 km / h on motorways and country roads,
in built-up areas 50 km / h.

Out and about by ship

A passenger / car ferry runs every hour between Cirkewwa (Malta) and Mgarr (Gozo) (journey time: 30 minutes). There is also a ferry connection from Mgarr to Sa Maison (Malta). Further information from the Gozo Channel Company Ltd. (Internet: , Hay Wharf, San Maison in Malta (Tel: 21 24 39 64). Reservation of parking spaces is not possible. It is therefore advisable to be at the departure point as early as possible.