Macedonia Travel Overview

Macedonia Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Skopje (See more on ITYPEJOB.COM)

Official language: Macedonian

Currency: Denarius

Continent: Southern Europe

Vacation in Macedonia

Castles, chateaus and palaces

Old ruins, beautiful mountains and a kitchen that connects the Mediterranean and the Balkans awaits you in Macedonia.

According to Countryaah, Macedonia is a multiethnic landlocked country located in the middle of the Balkan Peninsula and borders Kosovo and Serbia in the north, Bulgaria in the east, Greece in the south and Albania in the west. The Republic of Macedonia occupies most of the geographic region of Macedonia. The name is important in ancient Greek mythology and even today there is still a dispute with Greece about the use of the term.

Since the Vardar River flows through the country, it can traditionally be divided into East and West Macedonia. While the west is very mountainous, the east is rather flat and is characterized by wide fields. Macedonia has no sea draft.

Vacation in Macedonia

Macedonia has a long history between the majority Christian population (Serbian Orthodox) and a Muslim minority. Many buildings of these world religions testify to this. Macedonia is also suitable for a cultural holiday because of its many ruined castle ruins.

Active holidays in Macedonia are possible all year round: you can go hiking in summer, the highest mountain is the Korab with 2764 m and skiing in winter, there is a ski resort near Mavrovo.

Useful information

Did you know that the city of Ohrid in the south of Macedonia was briefly the capital of the Bulgarian Empire? The city is located on Lake Ohrid, through which the border with Albania runs. Both have been part of the UNESCO World Heritage since 1980, ie: the lake is part of the world natural heritage and the city part of the world cultural heritage.


Currency (sub-unit)

Denarius (100 deni)

ISO 4217 code

MKD / 807


Continent: Europe

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 41 ° 36 ‘31.1 ” E 21 ° 44’ 43″

Highest mountain: Golem Korab (2,753 m)

Total area: 25,333 km²

Mainland: 24,856 km²

National border: 748 km


Dependency: Yugoslavia until 1991

UN member since: 1993

Form of government: Parliamentary republic

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: Central state with 85 municipalities

Political culture: Subject culture


Macedonia GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Fruits, tobacco, cotton

BSP: $ 6,527,000,000

GDP: $ 6,337,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 17.76 billion

Economic growth: 4.3%

GDP share of agriculture: 11.6%

GDP share of industry: 29.9%

GDP share of services: 58.5%

Inflation rate: -0.2%

Unemployment: 36.9%

State budget revenue: $ 2.28 billion

State budget expenditure: $ 23.7 billion

National debt: 37.2%

Export: $ 2,578,000,000

Import: $ 3,407,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 2,347,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 1,479,000,000

Electricity consumption: 8,408 million KWh

Oil consumption: 24,400 million m³

Cultivation area: 23.74%

Bovine: 336,000 pieces

Sheep: 1,215,000 pieces

Demographic data

Residents: 2,050,600

Residents in cities: 1,217,500

Minorities: Serbs, Roma

Average age: 34.1 years

0-14 years: 20.1%

15-64 years: 68.9%

> 65 years: 11%

Population growth: 0.26%

Birth rate: 12.02 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 8.77 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.65 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1

Fertility: 1.57 children / woman

Infant mortality: 9.81 ‰

Life expectancy men: 71.51 years

Life expectancy women: 76.62 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: MK

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: MKD

ISO 3166 numeric: 807

Top Level Domain: mk

IOC country code: MKD


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 631,000

Cell Phones: 632,000

Radios: 430,000

TV: 944,000

Computer: 260,000

Internet users: 390,000


Railway lines: 699 km

Paved roads: 6,328 km

of which expressways: 133 km

Cars: 332,000

Pipelines: 388


Number of doctors: 4,640

Daily food intake: 2,590 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 300


Illiteracy: 4%


Foundation: 700 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1991 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: Macedonian, Serbian, Russian, Greek Orthodox (67%); Muslims (30%), others (3%)


Prison inmates: 1,600


Armed forces (troop strength): 12,000

Main battle tank: 130

Warplanes: 4

Helicopter: 17

Defense Spending: $ 251,000,000


Arriving by plane

Swiss International (LX) flies from Zurich to Skopje and Austrian Airlines (OS) flies from Vienna.

Wizz Air flies from Allgäu Airport to Skopje.

Germania (ST) flies non-stop from Berlin-Schönefeld to Skopje.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Skopje: 2 hours 15 minutes; Düsseldorf – Skopje: 2 hours 30 minutes; Vienna – Skopje: 2 hours; Zurich – Skopje: 2 hours

Departure fee


Arrival by car

International traffic has to take a long detour via Hungary and Belgrade or Bulgaria. The journey via Albania is also possible (ferry connection from Italy and Slovenia, details see Albania). Three newer border crossings to Albania are at Lake Prespa, Ohrid and Debar. Waiting times at the border to Serbia and Montenegro must be expected. The important north-south connection road is open. Long waiting times can also be expected at the Macedonian-Greek border. The main roads to and from Bulgaria and Albania are normal border traffic and there are hardly any problems.

Bus: The German Touring offers including Euro LinesConnections from Germany to Skopje at (Deutsche Touring GmbH, Am Römerhof 17, D-60486 Frankfurt / M. Tel: (069) 79 03 50. Fax: (069) 790 32 19. E-Mail: service @ deutsche-touring. com ; Internet: From the international bus station in Skopje there are daily long-distance bus connections to Tirana (Albania), Sofia (Bulgaria), Belgrade (Serbia) and Istanbul (Turkey). Documents: the national driver’s license is sufficient. However, an international driver’s license is particularly recommended when traveling via Bulgaria. It is compulsory to bring the international green insurance card with you; however, it is only valid if Macedonia is noted as a country on it.

Arriving by train

Intercity trains run several times a day between Skopje and Belgrade (Serbia) via Niš. There are also train connections (twice a day) between Skopje and Thessaloniki (Greece). InterRail passes are valid (for details see Germany).

Arrival by ship

You can take a ferry to Albania across Lake Ohrid.