Official language: Macedonian
Continent: Southern Europe
Vacation in Macedonia
Castles, chateaus and palaces
Old ruins, beautiful mountains and a kitchen that connects the Mediterranean and the Balkans awaits you in Macedonia.
According to Countryaah, Macedonia is a multiethnic landlocked country located in the middle of the Balkan Peninsula and borders Kosovo and Serbia in the north, Bulgaria in the east, Greece in the south and Albania in the west. The Republic of Macedonia occupies most of the geographic region of Macedonia. The name is important in ancient Greek mythology and even today there is still a dispute with Greece about the use of the term.
Since the Vardar River flows through the country, it can traditionally be divided into East and West Macedonia. While the west is very mountainous, the east is rather flat and is characterized by wide fields. Macedonia has no sea draft.
Macedonia has a long history between the majority Christian population (Serbian Orthodox) and a Muslim minority. Many buildings of these world religions testify to this. Macedonia is also suitable for a cultural holiday because of its many ruined castle ruins.
Active holidays in Macedonia are possible all year round: you can go hiking in summer, the highest mountain is the Korab with 2764 m and skiing in winter, there is a ski resort near Mavrovo.
Did you know that the city of Ohrid in the south of Macedonia was briefly the capital of the Bulgarian Empire? The city is located on Lake Ohrid, through which the border with Albania runs. Both have been part of the UNESCO World Heritage since 1980, ie: the lake is part of the world natural heritage and the city part of the world cultural heritage.
Alternative name: Macedonia
Official language: Macedonian
Denarius (100 deni)
ISO 4217 code
MKD / 807
Geo coordinates: N 41 ° 36 ‘31.1 ” E 21 ° 44’ 43″
Highest mountain: Golem Korab (2,753 m)
Total area: 25,333 km²
Mainland: 24,856 km²
National border: 748 km
Dependency: Yugoslavia until 1991
UN member since: 1993
Form of government: Parliamentary republic
Houses of Parliament: unikameral
Party system: Multi-party system
State building: Central state with 85 municipalities
Political culture: Subject culture
Export goods: Fruits, tobacco, cotton
BSP: $ 6,527,000,000
GDP: $ 6,337,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 17.76 billion
Economic growth: 4.3%
GDP share of agriculture: 11.6%
GDP share of industry: 29.9%
GDP share of services: 58.5%
Inflation rate: -0.2%
State budget revenue: $ 2.28 billion
State budget expenditure: $ 23.7 billion
National debt: 37.2%
Export: $ 2,578,000,000
Import: $ 3,407,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 2,347,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 1,479,000,000
Electricity consumption: 8,408 million KWh
Oil consumption: 24,400 million m³
Cultivation area: 23.74%
Bovine: 336,000 pieces
Sheep: 1,215,000 pieces
Residents in cities: 1,217,500
Minorities: Serbs, Roma
Average age: 34.1 years
0-14 years: 20.1%
15-64 years: 68.9%
> 65 years: 11%
Population growth: 0.26%
Birth rate: 12.02 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 8.77 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -0.65 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 1
Fertility: 1.57 children / woman
Infant mortality: 9.81 ‰
Life expectancy men: 71.51 years
Life expectancy women: 76.62 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: MK
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: MKD
ISO 3166 numeric: 807
Top Level Domain: mk
IOC country code: MKD
UN / LOCODE: MK
Telephone connections: 631,000
Cell Phones: 632,000
Internet users: 390,000
Railway lines: 699 km
Paved roads: 6,328 km
of which expressways: 133 km
Number of doctors: 4,640
Daily food intake: 2,590 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 300
Foundation: 700 BC Chr.
Last sovereign since: -1991 BC Chr.
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: Macedonian, Serbian, Russian, Greek Orthodox (67%); Muslims (30%), others (3%)
Prison inmates: 1,600
Armed forces (troop strength): 12,000
Main battle tank: 130
Defense Spending: $ 251,000,000
Arriving by plane
Swiss International (LX) flies from Zurich to Skopje and Austrian Airlines (OS) flies from Vienna.
Wizz Air flies from Allgäu Airport to Skopje.
Germania (ST) flies non-stop from Berlin-Schönefeld to Skopje.
Frankfurt – Skopje: 2 hours 15 minutes; Düsseldorf – Skopje: 2 hours 30 minutes; Vienna – Skopje: 2 hours; Zurich – Skopje: 2 hours
Arrival by car
International traffic has to take a long detour via Hungary and Belgrade or Bulgaria. The journey via Albania is also possible (ferry connection from Italy and Slovenia, details see Albania). Three newer border crossings to Albania are at Lake Prespa, Ohrid and Debar. Waiting times at the border to Serbia and Montenegro must be expected. The important north-south connection road is open. Long waiting times can also be expected at the Macedonian-Greek border. The main roads to and from Bulgaria and Albania are normal border traffic and there are hardly any problems.
Bus: The German Touring offers including Euro LinesConnections from Germany to Skopje at (Deutsche Touring GmbH, Am Römerhof 17, D-60486 Frankfurt / M. Tel: (069) 79 03 50. Fax: (069) 790 32 19. E-Mail: service @ deutsche-touring. com ; Internet: www.deutsche-touring.com). From the international bus station in Skopje there are daily long-distance bus connections to Tirana (Albania), Sofia (Bulgaria), Belgrade (Serbia) and Istanbul (Turkey). Documents: the national driver’s license is sufficient. However, an international driver’s license is particularly recommended when traveling via Bulgaria. It is compulsory to bring the international green insurance card with you; however, it is only valid if Macedonia is noted as a country on it.
Arriving by train
Intercity trains run several times a day between Skopje and Belgrade (Serbia) via Niš. There are also train connections (twice a day) between Skopje and Thessaloniki (Greece). InterRail passes are valid (for details see Germany).
Arrival by ship
You can take a ferry to Albania across Lake Ohrid.