Official language: Lithuanian
Currency: Litas 1LTL = 0.29EUR
Continent: Northern Europe
Vacation in Lithuania
The Sahara of the Baltic Sea
Lithuania invites everyone who wants to know more about this country – because Lithuania has a lot to show.
According to Countryaah, Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe. It borders Latvia, Belarus, Poland and the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad Oblast and the Baltic Sea. The land was shaped by advancing ice in the last Ice Age, so older rocks can only be found individually on the surface.
The climate of Lithuania is continental, the coldest month is January, the warmest July with an average temperature of 17 degrees and therefore the best time to travel.
Lithuania has over 200 nature reserves which cover 14% of the country’s area. The high moor Aukštumala, which lies between the towns of Sowetsk and Klaipėda, is well known.
On the Baltic Sea in Lithuania there is also the Curonian Spit, a strip of land in the sea that measures 3.5 km at its widest point and has a total length of 98 km. In 2000 the spit was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
You can swim in Lithuania, especially in the summer months. The place Palanga on the Baltic Sea is very popular among compatriots, as there are some places to go out there. The country also has a long tradition of brewing beer. Some like to combine the latter with the aforementioned.
Lithuania also has a cycle path along the Baltic Sea, which is part of the Baltic Cycle Path.
Official language: Lithuanian
Litas (100 Centas)
ISO 4217 code
LTL / 440
Geo coordinates: N 55 ° 10 ’10 ” E 23 ° 52′ 52.6″
Highest mountain: Kalnas (292 m)
Total area: 65,200 km²
Mainland: 65,106 km²
National border: 1,273 km
Coastline: 99 km
Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991
UN member since: 1991
Other political affiliation: European Union since 2004
Form of government: republic
Houses of Parliament: unikameral
Party system: Multi-party system
State building: centralized
Political culture: Civic culture
Export goods: Machinery, metal goods, natural gas
BSP: $ 28,962,000,000
GDP: $ 30,441,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 56,020,000,000
Economic growth: 8.3%
GDP share of agriculture: 5.2%
GDP share of industry: 33.8%
GDP share of services: 61%
Inflation rate: 3.3%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 20.2%
Export: $ 12,620,000,000
Import: $ 14,790,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 14,790,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 4,244,000,000
Electricity consumption: 9,180 million KWh
Gas consumption: 3,520 million m³
Oil production: 13,300 million m³
Oil consumption: 90,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 45.66%
Bovine: 726,000 pieces
Pigs: 1,051,000 pieces
Sheep: 310,000 pieces
Fishing: 166,000 t
Residents in cities: 2,399,100
Minorities: Poles and Russians
Average age: 38.2 years
0-14 years: 15.5%
15-64 years: 69.1%
> 65 years: 15.4%
Population growth: -0.3%
Birth rate: 8.75 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 10.98 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -0.71 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.89
Fertility: 1.2 Children / woman
Infant mortality: 6.78 ‰
Life expectancy men: 69.2 years
Life expectancy women: 79.49 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: LT
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: LTU
ISO 3166 numeric: 440
Top Level Domain: according to
IOC country code: LTU
UN / LOCODE: LT
Telephone connections: 1,060,000
Cell Phones: 2,466,000
Internet users: 1,330,000
Railway lines: 1,724 km
Paved roads: 70,820 km
of which expressways: 417 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 49
Number of doctors: 13,280
Daily food intake: 3,390 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 1,300
Last sovereign since: 1991
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: Roman Catholic (80%)
Prison inmates: 8,000
Armed forces (troop strength): 13,000
Defense Spending: $ 306,000,000
Arriving by plane
Austrian Airlines (OS) operates daily flight services from Vienna to Vilnius.
Air Baltic (BT) (Internet: www.airbaltic.com) offers direct connections to Vilnius from Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, transfer connections from Düsseldorf and Zurich.
Lufthansa (LH) flies to Vilnius six times a week directly from Frankfurt. There are transfer connections from other German airports.
60 Lt at Vilnius International Airport.
Arrival by car
The Via Baltica (Internet: www.viabaltica.net) represents a land connection between Germany and Finland and leads over 1500 km through Poland and the Baltic States through lake and forest areas, along the Amber Coast to Tallinn on the Gulf of Finland. The big cities like Vilnius, Riga and Tallinn are connected to each other via the partly well-developed Via Baltica (E 67). Lithuania has a well-developed road network that connects the republic with all neighboring states.
There are numerous border crossing pointsfrom Lithuania to Latvia, Belarus and the Kaliningrad region (Russian Federation). The cheapest way to get here is via Poland (two border crossings at Kalvarijai and Lazdijai in Lithuania). You can expect long waiting times at the border. Unleaded petrol can be bought
at petrol stations. More and more petrol stations are open 24 hours.
Documents: national or EU driving license, passport. If you arrive via Belarus, you need a Belarusian transit visa, which you have to obtain before you travel.
Long-distance bus: There are bus connections between Vilnius and the larger cities in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. From many cities in Germany, Austria and Switzerland drive to Vilnius and othersEcolines (Internet: ecolines.net/de/de) and Eurolines buses (Internet: www.eurolines.com).
Arriving by train
There are daily connections from Berlin and Vienna via Warsaw to Vilnius (travel time: 19 hours). Vilnius is the hub for international and national rail traffic (internet: www.litrail.lt).
The most important routes lead to Riga (Latvia), Warsaw (Poland), Grodno and Minsk (Belarus), Kaliningrad, St. Petersburg and Moscow (Russian Federation) and Lviv (Ukraine). There is a daily sleeping car connection (through car) from Berlin-Lichtenberg to Vlinius via Warsaw and Sestokai (travel time: 19 hours).
Further connections in passenger traffic to Budapest, Prague, Sofia (via Belarus) and to Suwalki (Poland).
Arrival by ship
Several times a week there is a connection from DFDS Seaways (Internet: www.dfdsseaways.com) between Kiel and Klaipeda, the crossing duration is around 20 hours.
There are also connections from Klaipeda to Sweden. Klaipeda is the only year-round ice-free seaport in the Baltic States.