At a glance
Official language: Sesotho, English
Continent: South Africa
The kingdom in heaven
According to Countryaah, Lesotho is in southern Africa, which doesn’t mean you won’t run into snow here!
Lesotho has a parliamentary monarchy and every year there are countless festivals in honor of the king. The country is completely enclosed by South Africa and thus joins the list of the only three countries in the world that are completely enclosed by another country. The latter are San Marino and Vatican City.
Arrival & highlights
You can reach Lesotho via direct flight to Johannesburg. Popular excursion destinations are the Drakensberg in the north and the Sehlabathebe National Park in the south of the country.
Lesotho is a great choice for hikers. The lowest point in the country is 1000 meters above sea level, which is why it is also known as “The Kingdom in the Sky”.
Official language: Sesotho, English
Loti (100 pisces)
ISO 4217 code
LSL / 426
Geo coordinates: S -29 ° -36′-36 “E 28 ° 14 ‘1”
Highest mountain: Thabana Ntlenyana (3,482 m)
Total area: 30,355 km²
Mainland: 30,355 km²
National border: 909 km
Dependency: Great Britain until 1966
UN member since: 1966
Other political affiliation: Commonwealth
Form of government: Constitutional monarchy
Export goods: Diamonds, wool
BSP: $ 1,624,000,000
GDP: $ 1,514,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 6,370,000,000
Economic growth: 1.2%
GDP share of agriculture: 16.1%
GDP share of industry: 45.6%
GDP share of services: 38.3%
Inflation rate: 4.2%
State budget revenue: $ 806,000,000
State budget expenditure: $ 874,000,000
Export: $ 770,000,000
Import: $ 1,324,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 614,000,000
Electricity consumption: 357 million KWh
Oil consumption: 1,500 million m³
Cultivation area: 11%
Bovine: 620,000 pieces
Sheep: 930,000 pieces
Residents in cities: 307.200
Average age: 20.3 years
0-14 years: 36.8%
15-64 years: 58.3%
> 65 years: 4.9%
Population growth: -0.46%
Birth rate: 24.75 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 28.71 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -0.68 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.95
Fertility: 3.28 children / woman
Infant mortality: 87.24 ‰
Life expectancy men: 35.55 years
Life expectancy women: 33.21 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: LS
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: LSO
ISO 3166 numeric: 426
Top Level Domain: ls
IOC country code: LES
UN / LOCODE: LS
Telephone connections: 40,000
Cell Phones: 289,000
Internet users: 96,000
Paved roads: 1,460 km
Number of doctors: 210
Daily food intake: 2,350 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 330,000
Last sovereign since: 1966
Main religious group: Christians
Prison inmates: 3,000
Armed forces (troop strength): 2,000
Defense Spending: $ 43.7 million
Arriving by plane
South African Airways (SA) (Internet: www.flysaa.com) flies daily between Maseru and Johannesburg (flight time 1 hour 10 minutes). Worldwide connections exist from Johannesburg.
20 M. Transit travelers and children under 5 years of age are excluded.
Arrival by car
The three main roads to South Africa lead over the Maseru Bridge in the west, the Ficksburg Bridge in the north and through the Caledon’s Poort in the west. Maseru Bridge and Ficksburg Bridge are open all day, Caledon’s Poort is open from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. There are additional border crossings, but with poorer roads.
Buses and minibuses run regularly between Maseru and Johannesburg.
A toll is required from all travelers leaving Lesotho by road.
Arriving by train
From Marseilles (South Africa) there is a short train connection (2.6 km) that leads to Maseru on the Bloemfontein / Natal route. The passenger service was discontinued some time ago and today only freight trains run to Lesotho.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
No regular service. Charter flights may be arranged from South Africa to explore Lesotho. Information only on site.
On the way by car / bus
Car: The road network is poor and there are only a few paved roads (approx. 2,000 km). A paved main road leads from the north to the cities on the western and southern borders of the country, the other roads are often impassable during the rainy season. All-wheel drive recommended. You shouldn’t drive a car at night in rural areas. There are
Petrol stations in all major cities and along the main traffic routes. However, a reserve canister should be carried.
mandatory seat belts.
within built-up areas: 50 km / h,
outside built-up areas: 80 km / h.
Documents:International driver’s license recommended. The national driving license will only be accepted if it is issued in English or if a certified English translation is attached. National driving licenses of most countries are valid for 6 months in Lesotho.
Bus: Minibuses run on the levels.