Lebanon Travel Overview

Lebanon Travel Overview

At a glance

Capital: Beirut (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Arabic

Currency: lb

Continent: West Asia

Home of the cedar trees

Lebanon is the country of birth of the famous poet Khalil Gibran to whom a museum is dedicated.

Location Lebanon

According to Countryaah, Lebanon is a state in the Middle East. It borders on Syria and the Mediterranean. The border with Israel is not fixed and therefore always a stumbling block for conflicts.

Traveling in Lebanon

There have been no train connections in Lebanon for some time. However, the country is only of small size and so you can easily reach all places with a rental car. You can also enter via the Balkans and Turkey with your own car, but you must note that you need a visa to drive through Syria.

Vacation Lebanon

If you arrive by plane, you will likely land in the capital, Beirut. This city is great for a short break as it has many different sides to explore. You can admire old buildings for days, visit mosques and temples or just indulge in the nightlife. The city is young and dynamic and was once known as the “Paris of the Orient”. In Beirut you can also feast on the rich cuisine of Lebanon. Lebanese beer is so popular that it is served as a lager in some bars in Central Europe.

Land of the Cedars

It’s a bit quieter and more contemplative in the country. The cedar grove Al-Arz ar-Rabb is located 140 kilometers north of Beirut at around 1900 meters above sea level. The cedar is the tree in Lebanon’s coat of arms. Some of these plants are 1000 years old! Besides Al-Arz, the largest cedar population is in the Al Shouf Cedar Reserve. The area is very popular with hikers and there is snow there in winter. Here are some of the few places in the Middle East for winter sports.
A special tip is the Bekaa plain in the east of northern Lebanon. Wadi Qadisha, the sacred valley of the Maronites, was isolated from the rest of the country for a long time and has its own culturespawned. It has retained its peculiarity and you will find yourself in another world, that is guaranteed! The most important church in the region – Notre Dame – is still the site of Sunday services. Further east you come to the Les Cèdres region, which is one of the most important ski regions in the country.


Currency (sub-unit)

Pounds (100 piastres)

ISO 4217 code

LBP / 422


Continent: Asia

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 33 ° 51 ’17 ” E 35 ° 51′ 44.2″

Highest mountain: Quarnat as Sawda (3,088 m)

Total area: 10,400 km²

Mainland: 10,230 km²

National border: 454 km

Coastline: 225 km


Dependency: France until 1943 (mandate)

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: Arab League

Form of government: republic


Lebanon GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Fruits, vegetables, wool

BSP: $ 20,481,400,000

GDP: $ 19,570,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 21,430,000,000

Economic growth: -2%

Inflation rate: 2.8%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 192.2%

Export: $ 1,579,000,000

Import: $ 8,047,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 22.6 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 16,170,000,000

Electricity consumption: 11,040 million KWh

Oil consumption: 108,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 30.04%

Sheep: 320,000 pieces

Demographic data

Residents: 3,874,100

Residents in cities: 3,454,000

Average age: 27.8 years

0-14 years: 26.5%

15-64 years: 66.6%

> 65 years: 6.9%

Population growth: 1.23%

Birth rate: 18.52 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 6.21 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.94

Fertility: 1.9 children / woman

Infant mortality: 23.72 ‰

Life expectancy men: 70.41 years

Life expectancy women: 75.48 years

Country codes

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: LB

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: LBN

ISO 3166 numeric: 422

Top Level Domain: lb

IOC country code: LIB


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 707,000

Cell Phones: 879,000

Radios: 2,660,000

TV: 1,430,000

Computer: 410,000

Internet users: 620,000


Railway lines: 401 km

Paved roads: 7,486 km

Cars: 1,620,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 39

Pipelines: 209


Number of doctors: 14,040

Daily food intake: 3.190 kcal / resident


Illiteracy: 12%


Foundation: 2000 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1943 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 5,600


Armed forces (troop strength): 72,000

Main battle tank: 350

Warplanes: 5

Helicopter: 30th

Defense Spending: $ 540.6 million


Arriving by plane

Lebanon’s national airline is called Middle East Airlines (MEA) (Internet: www.mea.com.lb). Lufthansa (LH), Germanwings (4U) and Air France (AF) also fly to Beirut. Austrian Airlines (OS) flies three times a week from Vienna to Beirut (with transfers).

Air passes

With the Star Alliance’s Middle East Airpass, travelers can explore Egypt, Bahrain, Yemen, Jordan, Qatar, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria and the United Arab Emirates on up to ten flights. More information is available on the Star Alliance website, www.staralliance.com.

With the Visit Middle East Pass from Allianz Oneworld, travelers can book any number of flights (at least 3 flights) with the participating airlines British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Qatar Airways and Royal Jordanian and travel to the following 12 countries: Egypt, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq Yemen, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and United Arab Emirates.

Departure fee

A departure tax of L £ 100,000 for first class passengers, L £ 75,000 for business class passengers and L £ 50,000 for economy class passengers will be levied.

Arrival by car

The best international connections run through Turkey along the coast from north to south through the country and from Beirut to Damascus (Syria). Long-distance buses also run from Europe to Lebanon.

Arriving by train

Currently no passenger traffic.

Arrival by ship

The largest international ports are Beirut (Internet: www.portdebeyrouth.com), Tripoli, Jounieh, Tire and Sidon. Some international cruise lines call at Lebanese ports.