Official language: Latvian
Currency: Lats 1LVL = 1.42EUR
Continent: Northern Europe
Vacation in Latvia
Large forests and a paradise for anglers
What do you think of when you hear about holidays in Latvia? Nothing? How about flat plains for cycling, wide bends in the river for fishing and national parks to be explored?
According to Countryaah, Latvia is a state in the Baltic States. It borders in the north on Estonia, in the east on Russia and Belarus, in the south on Lithuania and in the west on the Baltic Sea, which is part of the Baltic Sea.
You can of course reach Latvia by plane. There is an international airport in Riga. There are daily flights from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Oslo and Stockholm to the capital.
Another option is to come by train. There is a train connection from Germany via Warsaw to Riga.
The whole Baltic is a paradise for anglers. Numerous lakes, rivers and streams are clean and rich in fish; the vast, deserted forests and moors far from the big cities are teeming with game.
The national parks and nature reserves offer the best hiking opportunities. There are marked trails through the wilderness and occasional camping sites. During the warmer months of the year, the park administrations organize group hikes for groups.
The predominantly flat landscape is ideal for cycling. Bringing your own bike is an advantage. You can also find rental bikes, especially in the larger cities.
Meat, vegetables and side dishes are processed that are typical for Central Europe. You will find schnitzel on the menu as well as potato pancakes and pancakes with various fillings. Russian and Polish cuisine has had some influence, so borscht, bigos and – almost everywhere – a cold beetroot soup can be found.
Official language: Latvian
Lats (100 Santims)
ISO 4217 code
LVL / 428
Geo coordinates: N 56 ° 52 ‘46.7 “E 24 ° 36’ 11.5”
Highest mountain: Gazinkals (312 m)
Total area: 64,589 km²
Mainland: 63,589 km²
National border: 1,150 km
Coastline: 531 km
Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991
UN member since: 1991
Other political affiliation: European Union since 2004
Form of government: Parliamentary republic
Houses of Parliament: unikameral
Party system: Multi-party system
State building: centralized state structure
Political culture: Subject culture
Export goods: agr. Products, wood, paper
BSP: $ 16,989,000,000
GDP: $ 18.093 billion
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 33,670,000,000
Economic growth: 10.4%
GDP share of agriculture: 3.8%
GDP share of industry: 26.9%
GDP share of services: 69.3%
Inflation rate: 7.4%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 9.3%
Export: $ 6,472,000,000
Import: $ 9,377,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 16,370,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 2,973,000,000
Electricity consumption: 6,130 million KWh
Gas consumption: 1,800 million m³
Oil consumption: 44,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 28.57%
Bovine: 426,000 pieces
Pigs: 503,000 pieces
Fishing: 96,000 t
Residents in cities: 1,548,700
Minorities: Russians, Belarusians
Average age: 39.4 years
0-14 years: 14%
15-64 years: 69.6%
> 65 years: 16.4%
Population growth: -0.67%
Birth rate: 9.24 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 13.66 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -2.26 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.86
Fertility: 1.27 children / woman
Infant mortality: 9.35 ‰
Life expectancy men: 66.08 years
Life expectancy women: 76.85 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: LV
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: LVA
ISO 3166 numeric: 428
Top Level Domain: lv
IOC country code: LAT
UN / LOCODE: LV
Telephone connections: 789,000
Cell Phones: 1,460,000
Internet users: 1,330,000
Railway lines: 2,303 km
Paved roads: 72,066 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 21st
Number of doctors: 6,530
Daily food intake: 2.860 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 9,700
Last sovereign since: 1991
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: orth., evang., cath. Christians
Prison inmates: 7,700
Armed forces (troop strength): 5,000
Main battle tank: 5
Defense Spending: $ 169,000,000
Arriving by plane
Daily direct connections from Frankfurt / M. to Riga are offered by Lufthansa (LH) (Internet: www.lufthansa.com).
There are also direct connections from Frankfurt (daily), Berlin, Düsseldorf, Hamburg and Munich to Riga with Air Baltic (BT) (Internet: www.airbaltic.com/). Air Baltic also flies to Vilnius from Berlin and Munich. Finnair (AY) flies direct to Riga from Munich. Austrian Airlines (OS) and Air Baltic (BT) fly direct from Vienna to Riga. Air Baltic (BT) flies directly to Riga from Zurich.
Frankfurt / M. – Riga: 2 hours 10 minutes; Vienna – Riga: 2 hours; Zurich – Riga: 2 hours 40 minutes
Arrival by car
The Via Baltica represents a land connection between Germany and Finland and leads over 1500 km through Poland and the Baltic States through lake and forest areas, along the Amber Coast to Tallinn on the Gulf of Finland. The big cities like Vilnius, Riga and Tallinn are connected by the well-developed Via Baltica (E67).
Several connecting roads lead from Latvia to Estonia (border crossings: Ainazi, Valka, Veclaicene), to Lithuania (border crossings: Medumi, Subate, Grenctale, Meitene, Ezere, Pludoni, Rucava), to the Russian Federation (border crossings: Vientuli, Grebneva, Terenova) and to Belarus (border crossings: Paternieki, Silene). Long-
Distance bus: Flixbus (Internet: www.flixbus.de) and Eurolines (Internet: www.eurolines.com) travel from Germany, Austria and Switzerland to Latvia.
Arriving by train
From Berlin there is a connection via Warsaw and Vilnius to Riga and an overnight connection via Minsk (Belarus) to Riga (Belarusian transit visa required, which must be obtained before departure). The Latvian route network (Internet: www.ldz.lv) is good and offers connections to Russia, the former Soviet countries as well as Estonia and Lithuania.
Arrival by ship
There are three major ports: Liepaja, Riga and Ventspils. Transocean Tours, Royal Celebrity Cruises (Internet: www.rccl.com) and Hansa Kreuzfahrten (Internet: www.hansakreuzfahrten.de) have
Baltic Sea cruises in the program, which also includes Riga. There are regular ferry connections between Germany and Latvia on the following routes: • Rostock – Ventspils , several times a week with Scandlines (Internet: www.scandlines.de). • Lübeck – Riga, several times a week with
DFDS LISCO (Internet: http://www.dfdslisco.com/).
There are other ferry connections to Latvia via Denmark, Sweden and Finland.