Latvia Travel Overview

Latvia Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Riga (See more on ITYPEJOB.COM)

Official language: Latvian

Currency: Lats 1LVL = 1.42EUR

Continent: Northern Europe

Vacation in Latvia

Large forests and a paradise for anglers

What do you think of when you hear about holidays in Latvia? Nothing? How about flat plains for cycling, wide bends in the river for fishing and national parks to be explored?


According to Countryaah, Latvia is a state in the Baltic States. It borders in the north on Estonia, in the east on Russia and Belarus, in the south on Lithuania and in the west on the Baltic Sea, which is part of the Baltic Sea.


You can of course reach Latvia by plane. There is an international airport in Riga. There are daily flights from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Oslo and Stockholm to the capital.

Another option is to come by train. There is a train connection from Germany via Warsaw to Riga.

Holidays Latvia

The whole Baltic is a paradise for anglers. Numerous lakes, rivers and streams are clean and rich in fish; the vast, deserted forests and moors far from the big cities are teeming with game.

The national parks and nature reserves offer the best hiking opportunities. There are marked trails through the wilderness and occasional camping sites. During the warmer months of the year, the park administrations organize group hikes for groups.

The predominantly flat landscape is ideal for cycling. Bringing your own bike is an advantage. You can also find rental bikes, especially in the larger cities.


Meat, vegetables and side dishes are processed that are typical for Central Europe. You will find schnitzel on the menu as well as potato pancakes and pancakes with various fillings. Russian and Polish cuisine has had some influence, so borscht, bigos and – almost everywhere – a cold beetroot soup can be found.


Currency (sub-unit)

Lats (100 Santims)

ISO 4217 code

LVL / 428


Continent: Europe

Region: North

Geo coordinates: N 56 ° 52 ‘46.7 “E 24 ° 36’ 11.5”

Highest mountain: Gazinkals (312 m)

Total area: 64,589 km²

Mainland: 63,589 km²

National border: 1,150 km

Coastline: 531 km


Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991

UN member since: 1991

Other political affiliation: European Union since 2004

Form of government: Parliamentary republic

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized state structure

Political culture: Subject culture


Latvia GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: agr. Products, wood, paper

BSP: $ 16,989,000,000

GDP: $ 18.093 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 33,670,000,000

Economic growth: 10.4%

GDP share of agriculture: 3.8%

GDP share of industry: 26.9%

GDP share of services: 69.3%

Inflation rate: 7.4%

Unemployment: 7.7%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 9.3%

Export: $ 6,472,000,000

Import: $ 9,377,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 16,370,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 2,973,000,000

Electricity consumption: 6,130 million KWh

Gas consumption: 1,800 million m³

Oil consumption: 44,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 28.57%

Bovine: 426,000 pieces

Pigs: 503,000 pieces

Fishing: 96,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 2,274,800

Residents in cities: 1,548,700

Minorities: Russians, Belarusians

Average age: 39.4 years

0-14 years: 14%

15-64 years: 69.6%

> 65 years: 16.4%

Population growth: -0.67%

Birth rate: 9.24 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 13.66 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -2.26 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.86

Fertility: 1.27 children / woman

Infant mortality: 9.35 ‰

Life expectancy men: 66.08 years

Life expectancy women: 76.85 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: LV

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: LVA

ISO 3166 numeric: 428

Top Level Domain: lv

IOC country code: LAT


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 789,000

Cell Phones: 1,460,000

Radios: 1,810,000

TV: 2,050,000

Computer: 570,000

Internet users: 1,330,000


Railway lines: 2,303 km

Paved roads: 72,066 km

Cars: 607,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 21st

Pipelines: 1.921


Number of doctors: 6,530

Daily food intake: 2.860 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 9,700



Foundation: 1918

Last sovereign since: 1991


Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: orth., evang., cath. Christians


Prison inmates: 7,700


Armed forces (troop strength): 5,000

Main battle tank: 5

Helicopter: 5

Defense Spending: $ 169,000,000


Arriving by plane

Daily direct connections from Frankfurt / M. to Riga are offered by Lufthansa (LH) (Internet:

There are also direct connections from Frankfurt (daily), Berlin, Düsseldorf, Hamburg and Munich to Riga with Air Baltic (BT) (Internet: Air Baltic also flies to Vilnius from Berlin and Munich. Finnair (AY) flies direct to Riga from Munich. Austrian Airlines (OS) and Air Baltic (BT) fly direct from Vienna to Riga. Air Baltic (BT) flies directly to Riga from Zurich.

Flight times

Frankfurt / M. – Riga: 2 hours 10 minutes; Vienna – Riga: 2 hours; Zurich – Riga: 2 hours 40 minutes

Arrival by car

The Via Baltica represents a land connection between Germany and Finland and leads over 1500 km through Poland and the Baltic States through lake and forest areas, along the Amber Coast to Tallinn on the Gulf of Finland. The big cities like Vilnius, Riga and Tallinn are connected by the well-developed Via Baltica (E67).

Several connecting roads lead from Latvia to Estonia (border crossings: Ainazi, Valka, Veclaicene), to Lithuania (border crossings: Medumi, Subate, Grenctale, Meitene, Ezere, Pludoni, Rucava), to the Russian Federation (border crossings: Vientuli, Grebneva, Terenova) and to Belarus (border crossings: Paternieki, Silene). Long-

Distance bus:
Flixbus (Internet: and Eurolines (Internet: travel from Germany, Austria and Switzerland to Latvia.

Arriving by train

From Berlin there is a connection via Warsaw and Vilnius to Riga and an overnight connection via Minsk (Belarus) to Riga (Belarusian transit visa required, which must be obtained before departure). The Latvian route network (Internet: is good and offers connections to Russia, the former Soviet countries as well as Estonia and Lithuania.

Arrival by ship

There are three major ports: Liepaja, Riga and Ventspils. Transocean Tours, Royal Celebrity Cruises (Internet: and Hansa Kreuzfahrten (Internet: have

Baltic Sea cruises in the program, which also includes Riga. There are regular ferry connections between Germany and Latvia on the following routes: • Rostock – Ventspils , several times a week with Scandlines (Internet: • Lübeck – Riga, several times a week with

DFDS LISCO (Internet:
There are other ferry connections to Latvia via Denmark, Sweden and Finland.