Landmarks of India
According to Ehotelat, the main city of the country of India is New Delhi, according to legend, eight cities were built on this site at different times, and the first people appeared here in the tenth millennium BC. One of the main attractions of the city is the Red Fort, inside which there is a large palace complex, founded during the Mughal era. Delhi is rich in religious buildings of a wide variety of religious movements. As a rule, these structures stand close to each other, thereby creating an amazing contrast. Among these buildings, the most popular Sikh temple is Sis Ganj, Digambar Jain, which is known for its unique “bird hospital” and one of the oldest Christian temples in the country – Chandni Chowk Baptist Church. Delhi is a real cult city, there is a huge number of mausoleums and religious buildings of the rulers of many eras. Popular among tourists is the famous Humayun’s tomb, which today is considered a masterpiece of Mughal architecture, and not far from the Islamic University is the mausoleum of President Zakir Hussein. One of the most beautiful buildings in the city is the Rashtrapati Bhavan, which now serves as the residence of the President of India. The building was built in 1929 by an English architect, so the style is quite original. In the central part of the presidential palace there is a round-shaped throne room, in which there are no carvings, no moldings, no decorative elements, but transparent marble and the light penetrating through it create an amazing atmosphere of infinity. Not far from the Jamana River is a place of worship for all Hindus – Rajghat, it was here that Mahatma Gandhi was cremated in 1948. Now there is a memorial plate on which the last words of Gandhi are carved – “Oh, God!”. Every year on the birthday and death of Gandhi, a huge number of pilgrims from all over India and the main political figures of the country come here. The pearl of India and the former capital of the Great Mongols – Agra is located 200 km from the capital. An incredible number of attractions are concentrated here, among which the white marble mausoleum of the Taj Mahal stands out. This mausoleum was built by Shah Jahan in memory of his wife. The construction of this unique monument was carried out in several stages, and more than 20 thousand people participated in the process of its construction, not only from India but also from many countries of Central Asia. No less interesting and popular attraction of Agra is the city fort, the construction of which began by Emperor Akbar, and ended with Shah Jahan. At first, the fort was used exclusively for military purposes, but gradually it turned into a palace, behind the giant walls of which there were amazing gardens, halls, colonnades. The fort is a real city within a city, behind the walls of which, just like outside, life is in full swing, and in the center of the fort is the “Pearl Mosque”. Bombay (Mumbai) is the capital of the state of Maharashtra and one of the most beautiful cities in India. The architecture of the city is very diverse. The old district is dominated by buildings made in the colonial style, and in the southern part of the city there are modern skyscrapers. Compared to most other seaside cities, Bombay is a young city, but today it is the country’s largest port, as well as the financial and industrial center of India. Almost every tourist who comes to Bombay, first of all, he gets acquainted with the Colaba area, which lies near the port and is famous for the abundance of hotels, shops and restaurants. If you turn your back to Colaba, then in front of you you will see the place where the fort used to be located, and now there are numerous buildings in the colonial style: the main post office, railway station, port facilities, etc. Previously, most tourists came to India by sea and first of all got into Bombay, therefore, the city was often called the “Gate of India” in honor of this, on the site where passengers used to land, there is an arch, which is called the “Gate of India”.
National cuisine of India
Indian cuisine is considered one of the oldest and most popular in the world. The main diet of Indians is fish, rice, flour products, vegetables and dairy products; Indians do not eat meat. The number of traditional dishes is simply huge, but the main feature of the local cuisine, of course, are the spices that are added to all dishes, even desserts. In addition, combinations of spices are sometimes amazing. Of the drinks in India, masala tea has gained the most popularity, it is most often drunk with hot milk or spices, as well as coffee and fruit juices.
Roads in the country are in rather poor condition, narrow, often without any markings or road signs. In Indian cities, taxis are considered the main mode of transportation, of which there are three types: ordinary taxis, cycle rickshaws and motor rickshaws – tuk-tuks. Taxi fares are very low, taxi and auto rickshaw drivers must turn on the meters, but rarely do so. In cities, there are special taxi prepaid booths that reduce the possibility of cheating by a taxi driver.