Kyrgyzstan Travel Overview
Official language: Kyrgyz, Russian
Continent: South Asia
Yurts next to functional tents
Kyrgyzstan is a blank spot on the map of adventure seekers!
According to Countryaah, Kyrgyzstan (sometimes: Kyrgyzstan) is a country in Central Asia. Do you fancy horse riding or hiking? In Kyrgyzstan, mighty mountains tower up, covered with long glaciers, which flow into deep valleys. Most of the country is dominated by monstrous mountain ranges.
Since the opening of the Soviet border, Kyrgyzstan has been one of the few Central Asian countries that has started to rely on tourism. In the country you will find a network of many small pensions and, above all, finding a hostel in small communities is easier than you might expect.
Some shepherd nomads in the country still live in yurts, so it is not a problem to spend the night in tents in the country. In general, the country is particularly popular with trekkers, but also with people who want to explore endless expanses on the back of a horse.
In Kyrgyzstan was from the mid-9th to the early 13th century Islamic Qarakhanid -Reich. Occasionally you may come across traces of this time, but it is worth pursuing. The Burana Tower in the north of the country dates from this time. The tower is close to Tokmuk City and Shamshin Valley. This should be a stop on your tour of Kyrgyzstan. Have you ever considered hiking the Silk Road ? Kyrgyzstan offers many opportunities to explore nature and history alike. Find out more about other countries on the Silk Road at Atanango.com.
Until recently, Kyrgyzstan was the scene of bloody fighting between different ethnic groups. These reached their peak in 2010. Make sure to inquire in advance in which region and which security situation is to be expected. Particular caution applies to the border area with Uzbekistan! Make sure you get enough information before you start your vacation!
Official language: Kyrgyz, Russian
Som (100 Tyiyn)
ISO 4217 code
KGS / 417
Geo coordinates: N 41 ° 12 ‘15.8 ” E 74 ° 45’ 58″
Highest mountain: Jengisch Chokusu (7,439 m)
Total area: 198,500 km²
Mainland: 191,300 km²
National border: 3,878 km
Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991
UN member since: 1992
Other political affiliation: CIS
Export goods: Food, energy, non-ferrous metals
BSP: $ 2,866,000,000
GDP: $ 2,964,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 11,820,000,000
GDP share of agriculture: 36.2%
GDP share of industry: 20.4%
GDP share of services: 43.4%
Inflation rate: 4.9%
State budget revenue: $ 578,000,000
State budget expenditure: $ 597 billion
Export: $ 872,000,000
Import: $ 1,078,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 2,686,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 782,000,000
Gas production: 6 million m³
Gas consumption: 1,570 million m³
Oil production: 2,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 20,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 6.79%
Bovine: 1,121,000 pieces
Sheep: 2,890,000 pieces
Residents in cities: 1,722,000
Average age: 23.6 years
0-14 years: 30.9%
15-64 years: 62.9%
> 65 years: 6.2%
Population growth: 1.32%
Birth rate: 22.8 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 7.08 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -2.5 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.96
Fertility: 2.69 children / woman
Infant mortality: 34.49 ‰
Life expectancy men: 64.48 years
Life expectancy women: 72.7 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: KG
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: KGZ
ISO 3166 numeric: 417
Top Level Domain: kg
IOC country code: KGZ
UN / LOCODE: KG
Telephone connections: 471,000
Cell Phones: 152,000
Internet users: 560,000
Railway lines: 470 km
Paved roads: 24,110 km
of which expressways: 140 km
Number of doctors: 12,890
Daily food intake: 2.870 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 4,800
Illiteracy: 1 %
Last sovereign since: 1991
Main religious group: Muslims
Prison inmates: 21,400
Armed forces (troop strength): 12,000
Main battle tank: 210
Defense Spending: $ 29.6 million
Arriving by plane
Turkish Airlines (TK) flies from Frankfurt, Vienna and Zurich via Istanbul to Bishkek. Ukraine International Airlines (UIA) flies from Zurich and Geneva via Kiev to Bishkek.
Hanover / Frankfurt – Bishkek: 8 hours 30 (including a stopover); Frankfurt – Almaty: 7 hours.
The bus ride from Almaty to Bishkek takes 3-5 hours, by taxi 3 hours.
Arrival by car
The most important international connecting roads lead to Kazakhstan, there is also a border crossing to China (observe strict entry regulations). Extensive construction work is currently being carried out on the Bishkek-Almaty line (Kazakhstan).
Regular bus connections from Bishkek to Tashkent in Uzbekistan (travel time 10-12 hours) and Almaty in Kazakhstan (6 hours). The buses depart from the long-distance bus station (Zapadni) in Bishkek.
From Tashkent there is a direct connection through the Fergana Valley to Osh (see Uzbekistan), but the road conditions on this route are often poor, in winter the mountain passes are often closed, in spring floods make many roads impassable due to the snowmelt. Auto repair shops are very limited.
Arriving by train
Train connections to the Russian Federation (the journey to Moscow takes three days) and to the other Central Asian republics, but rail travel is generally not recommended due to frequent robberies.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
There are connections from Bishkek to Cholpan-Ata, Kara-Kol, Naryn and Osh. The central Tienschan region can be reached by helicopter, which takes mountaineers into the Inylchek valley. Safety standards in national air traffic do not always correspond to Western European standards.
On the way by car / bus
Kyrgyzstan has a road network of 28,500 km.
Bus / long-distance bus: Regular bus and coach connections to all parts of the country, the buses are often overcrowded and in poor technical condition.
Taxis and private taxis are available in major cities. Many do not have a license. The fare should be agreed in advance.
Rental cars can be rented at Bishkek and Osh airports and in some larger cities. Because of the road conditions, off-road vehicles are recommended. It is also possible to rent rental cars with a driver for longer distances. However, due to the shortage of fuel, this is an expensive alternative. Foreigners are generally expected to pay in US dollars.
Documents:International driver’s license and two passport photos.
Traveling in the city
There are buses and trolleybuses in the capital.
On the go by train
The only inland route runs from Bishkek to Balikchi, at the western end of Lake Issyk-Kul. Osh in the south of the country can be reached by train via Tashkent (Uzbekistan). A new north-south train connection is being planned. Rail travel is not recommended due to frequent robberies.