Kazakhstan Travel Overview

Kazakhstan Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Alma-ata (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Kazakh, Russian

Currency: Tenge

Continent: South Asia

Eagle people and spaceport

In the ninth largest country in the world, a lot is possible in terms of travel technology, especially since Kazakhstan is considered untapped for tourism!

Kazakhstan information

According to Countryaah, Kazakhstan is a country in Central Asia. The weather is moderate due to its close proximity to the equator. Bordering countries are Russia in the north and Turkemistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and China in the south. The national language is Kazakh. This language is spoken by around 11 million people in Kazakhstan and the surrounding countries. If you are in the region for longer, inquire about a language course on site. You won’t get very far with English – the lingua franca in the country is still Russian.

Holidays in Kazakhstan

In Kazakhstan, tradition and modernity meet radically. Kazakhstan is mainly known in the west for two things, the Baikonur spaceport and the so-called eagle people of the eastern high plateau. This Kazakh speaking ethnic group lives between Kazakhstan and Mongolia. They became known to the general public for their hunting method: they hunt wolves with the help of golden eagles, which is shown in some television documentaries. This tradition is so old that it is still not clear where it comes from. The land that was on the former Silk Roadbut also offers a lot more than old traditions. If you want to spend your vacation in an urban area, there are two good options: the new capital Astana, in which the Astana International Airport is located, or the old capital Almaty. In both cities you will find impressive architecture – in Astana it is correspondingly modern. You can reach Almata by direct flight from Hanover or Frankfurt (Germany).

Travel destinations in Kazakhstan

In addition to the Medeo Ice Stadium, one of the most famous ice rinks in the world, the main thing you’ll find in the city is… find out! Because Kazakhstan is one of the last great undeveloped travel areas in the world. As the ninth largest country in the world, it offers a lot from the beach of the Aral Sea to the mountain heights in the south, the singing dunes in the Altyn-Emel National Park (which has UNESCO World Heritage status). With all the undeveloped natural beauties you should take one thing with you on your Kazakhstan trips: patience ! Without a rental car you often wait a long time for the next public transport in Kazakhstan, so try to learn a few sentences in Russian to make your trip a little more pleasant.

Excursus: the Aral Sea is drying up

Some people may be familiar with the fishing boats and transport boats lying in the sand on the Aral Sea. For a long time, the water from the lake’s supply lines was used to irrigate the cotton fields. Some feeder rivers often no longer reach the lake and get lost in the sand. The lake has sunk by an average of 16 meters. In the mid-nineties, the states bordering the lake decided to jointly take action against this natural disaster, in order not to make the once fourth largest inland sea on earth disappear, unfortunately only with moderate success. The salt lake thus shares the same fate of the Dead Sea in Jordan.


Currency (sub-unit)

Tenge (100 tyin)

ISO 4217 code

KZT / 398


Continent: Asia

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 48 ° 1 ‘10.5 ” E 66 ° 55’ 25.3″

Highest mountain: Khan-Tengri Peak (6,995 m)

Total area: 2,717,300 km²

Mainland: 2,669,800 km²

National border: 12,012 km

Coastline: 1,894 km


Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991

UN member since: 1992

Other political affiliation: CIS


Kazakhstan GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Metals, metal goods, chem. Products

BSP: $ 46,332,400,000

GDP: $ 49,257,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 151.1 billion

Economic growth: 9.1%

GDP share of agriculture: 6.3%

GDP share of industry: 39.4%

GDP share of services: 54.3%

Inflation rate: 8.1%

Unemployment: 8.3%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 9.3%

Export: $ 37.44 billion

Import: $ 25.74 billion

Foreign debt: $ 55,920,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 9.237 million

Gas reserves: 3,000,000 million m³

Gas production: 29,000 million m³

Gas consumption: 16,500 million m³

Oil reserves: 26,000 million m³

Oil production: 1,570,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 211,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 8.39%

Bovine: 4,692,000 pieces

Sheep: 11,320,000 pieces

Fishing: 40,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 15.233.300

Residents in cities: 8,499,000

Average age: 28.8 years

0-14 years: 23%

15-64 years: 68.8%

> 65 years: 8.2%

Population growth: 0.33%

Birth rate: 16 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 9.42 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -3.33 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.93

Fertility: 1.89 children / woman

Infant mortality: 28.3 ‰

Life expectancy men: 61.56 years

Life expectancy women: 72.52 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: concentration camp

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: KAZ

ISO 3166 numeric: 398

Top Level Domain: concentration camp

IOC country code: KAZ

UN / LOCODE: concentration camp

Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 3,051,000

Cell Phones: 2,088,000

Radios: 6,570,000

TV: 4,120,000

Computer: 816,000

Internet users: 1,090,000


Railway lines: 13,700 km

Paved roads: 249,084 km

Cars: 1,188,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 6th

Pipelines: 21,733


Number of doctors: 54,140

Daily food intake: 2,560 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 21,000


Illiteracy: 2%


Foundation: 1991

Last sovereign since: 1991


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 57,300


Armed forces (troop strength): 68,000

Main battle tank: 850

Warplanes: 157

Defense Spending: $ 255,000,000