Israel Travel Overview

Israel Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Jerusalem (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Hebrew

Currency: Shekel 1ILS = 0.27EUR

Continent: West Asia

Old traditions and old conflicts

Israel is both a historical and a political country. You can follow traces of history and the present there, or just immerse yourself in the nightlife.


No Middle Eastern country is in the media as often as Israel. The reasons for this are well known. According to Countryaah, Israel borders the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It has a state border with Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan, and it borders on the Palestinian autonomous territories.

Vacation in Israel

Some come to Israel to trace history. Others are interested in the religious sites in Jerusalem and other parts of the country. And some, especially the young and the young at heart, only come to Israel to celebrate.

Tel Aviv is THE metropolis of nightlife. If the nightlife in other cities is only active on weekends, there is always something going on in Tel Aviv. Some of the clubs do not open until after midnight, so they party all night long. Most of the foreign embassies are also stationed in Tel Aviv, as the capital Jerusalem is not recognized by all countries around the world.

Jerusalem is the official capital. In it are the main monotheistic sanctuariesReligions: the Dome of the Rock is built around a stone, similar to the one in Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Another important place for Muslims is the al-Aqsa mosque. Both sites are located in the old city of Jerusalem. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is important for Christians. It is the most sacred place in Christianity because, according to tradition, it was built over the tomb of Jesus. The Western Wall is of particular importance to the Jews. She is the remainder that remained after Solomon’s temple was destroyed. The situation on the Temple Mount is controversial. It is claimed as a sanctuary by Jews and Muslims, but only Muslims are allowed in, except on weekends.

Israel travel

German citizens born after December 31, 1927 can enter the country without a visa. You will receive a three-month tourist visa. Also immigrants from Austria who receive this without a birth control. But be careful! With a stamp from the immigration authorities in Israel – i.e. with an Israeli visa – in your passport you cannot enter the neighboring countries of Syria and Lebanon. In addition, most of the Arab states and Iran refuse entry. The states Jordan and Egypt, which also border Israel, are an exception. So you can take a day trip to these countries south of Israel, but going north is difficult. Because of this, those who travel extensively in the Middle East have two passports: one for Israel and the United States and one for the rest of the world.


Different foreign ministries advise against traveling to the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and the Golan Heights. If you don’t have a specific reason to go there, take special care or refrain from it!


Currency (sub-unit)

Shekel (100 agorot)

ISO 4217 code

ILS / 376


Continent: Asia

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 31 ° 2 ‘45.8 “E 34 ° 51’ 5.8”

Highest mountain: Har Meron (1,208 m)

Total area: 20,770 km²

Mainland: 20,330 km²

National border: 1,006 km

Coastline: 273 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 1948 (mandate)

Formerly dependent states: Palestinian Territories until 1949

UN member since: 1949

Form of government: Parliamentary republic

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized

Political culture: Civic culture


Israel GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Diamonds, pearls, citrus fruits

BSP: $ 148,896,700,000

GDP: $ 157.487 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 173.4 billion

Economic growth: 5.7%

Inflation rate: 1.6%

Unemployment: 8.8%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 96.6%

Export: $ 45.86 billion

Import: $ 49.26 billion

Foreign debt: $ 81,680,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 29,340,000,000

Electricity consumption: 42,370 million KWh

Gas reserves: 38,940 million m³

Gas production: 340 million m³

Gas consumption: 340 million m³

Oil reserves: 2 million m³

Oil production: 3,400 million m³

Oil consumption: 291,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 19.21%

Bovine: 420,000 pieces

Sheep: 416,000 pieces

Fishing: 27,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 6.352.200

Residents in cities: 5,748,000

Average age: 29.6 years

0-14 years: 26.3%

15-64 years: 63.9%

> 65 years: 9.8%

Population growth: 1.18%

Birth rate: 17.97 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 6.18 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.99

Fertility: 2.41 children / woman

Infant mortality: 6.89 ‰

Life expectancy men: 77.33 years

Life expectancy women: 81.7 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: IL

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: ISR

ISO 3166 numeric: 376

Top Level Domain: il

IOC country code: ISR


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 3,210,000

Cell Phones: 7,050,000

Radios: 3,390,000

TV: 2,640,000

Computer: 1,820,000

Internet users: 2,960,000


Railway lines: 917 km

Paved roads: 18,421 km

of which expressways: 56 km

Cars: 1,848,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 18th

Pipelines: 1,649


Number of doctors: 22,470

Daily food intake: 3,580 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 3,700


Illiteracy: 4%


Foundation: 1240 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1948 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Jews

Distribution of religions: Protestant (85%)


Prison inmates: 14,000


Armed forces (troop strength): 175,000

Main battle tank: 4,300

Submarines: 3

Warplanes: 610

Helicopter: 300

Nuclear warheads: 220

Defense Spending: $ 9,567 million