Official language: English Gaelic
Currency: Euro (exchange rates)
Continent: Northern Europe
A holiday in Ireland offers a lot of reason to celebrate. From the seafood in Galway to the wild Halloween nights in Londonderry. The Irish just always party. Visit the Irish Northwest, West, Shannon Region and discover the rich history and idiosyncratic character.
On a last minute Ireland holiday, there are wonderful views, testimonies from prehistoric times, breathtaking beaches and lively shopping streets to be discovered. It’s time to immerse yourself in Ireland’s impressive past with prehistoric cultural monuments and castles and palaces.
According to Countryaah, Ireland is an island nation on the island of the same name, Ireland. It borders the United Kingdom (Northern Ireland Province) to the north and is surrounded by the Irish Sea to the east and the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south. Ireland is a member of the European Union.
In addition to music, Guinness and history, Ireland has a rich heritage of national parks, such as Glendalough National Park with its distinctive round towers. These round towers were the monks’ refuge and protection from the plundering Vikings. The name Glendalough is derived from the Irish Gleann Dá Locha and can be translated as “Valley of the Two Lakes”. It is a collection of ruined monasteries in the Irish Wicklow Mountains, around 40 km south of Dublin.
The statue of the fish seller Molly Malone refers to a popular Irish folk song and is an unofficial anthem of the capital Dublin. When visiting Dublin city, a meeting with Molly Malone should be on the agenda. Live music in Irish pubs is a national heritage and has been carried over the generations.
Official language: English Gaelic
Euro (100 cents)
ISO 4217 code
EUR / 978
Geo coordinates: N 53 ° 24 ‘46.5 ” W -8 ° -14’ -38″
Highest mountain: Carrauntohill (1,041 m)
Total area: 70,280 km²
Mainland: 68,890 km²
National border: 360 km
Coastline: 1,448 km
Dependency: Great Britain until 1922
UN member since: 1955
Other political affiliation: European Union since 1973
Form of government: Parliamentary republic
Houses of Parliament: bikameral
Party system: Multi-party system
State building: centralized
Political culture: Civic culture
Particularities: When elected to the Senate, the number of members of parliament is drawn from certain groups: 11 are nominated by the Prime Minister, 43 representatives are elected by a special electoral body from 5 social groups (culture, agriculture, trade union, industry and administration) and 6 members come from the university sector
Export goods: Food, textiles
BSP: $ 193.887 billion
GDP: $ 248,797,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 187 billion
Economic growth: 4.9%
Inflation rate: 2.7%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 27.3%
Export: $ 105.3 billion
Import: $ 73,070,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 1,167 billion
Electricity consumption: 24,640 million KWh
Gas reserves: 19,820 million m³
Gas production: 640 million m³
Gas consumption: 4,530 million m³
Oil consumption: 186,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 17.01%
Bovine: 6,271,000 pieces
Pigs: 1,680,000 pieces
Sheep: 4,740,000 pieces
Fishing: 440,000 t
Residents in cities: 2,398,000
Average age: 34 years
0-14 years: 20.9%
15-64 years: 67.6%
> 65 years: 11.5%
Population growth: 1.15%
Birth rate: 14.45 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 7.82 / 1,000 residents
Migration: 4.87 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.99
Fertility: 1.86 children / woman
Infant mortality: 5.31 ‰
Life expectancy men: 75.11 years
Life expectancy women: 80.52 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: IE
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: IRL
ISO 3166 numeric: 372
Top Level Domain: ie
IOC country code: IRL
UN / LOCODE: IE
Telephone connections: 2,199,000
Cell Phones: 3,550,000
Internet users: 1,970,000
Railway lines: 3,312 km
Paved roads: 96,892 km
of which expressways: 141 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 23
Number of doctors: 8,980
Daily food intake: 3.710 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 3,100
Last sovereign since: 1922
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: Roman Catholic
Prison inmates: 3,400
Armed forces (troop strength): 11,000
Main battle tank: 14
Arriving by plane
The national airline is Aer Lingus (EI) (Internet: www.aerlingus.com). It offers flight connections to Dublin from Berlin, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt / M, Hamburg, Munich, Stuttgart, Vienna, Salzburg, Geneva and Zurich. In addition, Aer Lingus flies to Cork from Berlin and Munich. Lufthansa (LH), Germanwings (4U) and Swiss (LX) also fly to Ireland.
Austrian myHoliday (OS) connects Vienna and Dublin, among others.
Frankfurt – Dublin: 2 hours; Vienna – Dublin: 2 hours 50 minutes; Zurich – Dublin: 2 hours 15 minutes
Arrival by car
Car : There are car ferries between Le Havre / Cherbourg and Ireland. More information from ADAC (Internet: www.adac.de). Good connections from all Irish ports inland.
Long-distance bus: Eurolines buses (Internet: www.eurolines.com) travel to and from the Republic of Ireland. Timetable and tariff information is available from the Irish Eurolines general agency (Bus Eireann, Internet: www.buseireann.ie) or the Eurolines agencies in Germany (Deutsche Touring GmbH, address: Am Römerhof 17, D-60486 Frankfurt / M. Tel: (069) 79 03 50 (Internet:www.deutsche-touring.com), Austria (Eurolines Austria – Blaguss Reisen GmbH, Internet: http://eurolines.blaguss.at/index.php) and Switzerland (Alsa + Eggmann, Internet: www.alsa-eggmann. ch).
Arriving by train
There are daily train connections to the French ferry ports with direct connections to Ireland or via London to the cities of Pembroke, Fishguard, Holyhead and Liverpool with ferry connections to Ireland. Together with Great Britain, Ireland belongs to Zone A of the InterRail zones. Information on train connections to the Irish Republic is available from Deutsche Bahn (Internet: www.bahn.de), ÖBB (Internet: www.oebb.at) and SBB (Internet: www.sbb.ch). Good connections from all Irish ports inland.
InterRail – passes are valid (for details see. Germany).
Arrival by ship
Irish Ferries (Internet: www.irishferries.com) offer connections between France and Ireland several times a day on the Cherbourg – Rosslare (journey time: 17 hours 30 minutes) and Roscoff – Rosslare (journey time: 19 hours 30 minutes).) at.
Brittany Ferries (Internet: www.brittany-ferries.com) operate the Roscoff – Cork route (14 hours).
A connection from Liverpool – Dublin (travel time 7 hours 30 minutes) is provided by P&O Ferries (Internet: www.poferries.de).
Irish Ferries (Internet: http://www.irishferries.com/) offer ferry services between Holyhead and Dublin and Pembroke and Rosslare (travel time: 2-4 hours).
The Stena Line (Internet: www.stenaline.co.uk) runs between Holyhead and Dublin (journey time: 3 hours 15 minutes or 1 hour 49 minutes with the high speed service), Holyhead and Dun Laoghaire (journey time: 3 hours 30 minutes or 1 hour 39 minutes with the High Speed Service) as well as Fishguard and Rosslare (travel time: 3 hours 30 minutes or 1 hour 39 minutes with the catamaran).
From Isle of Man:
Douglas – Dublin (travel time: 2 hours 55 minutes) (Internet: www.steam-packet.com).