Iraq Travel Overview

Iraq Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Baghdad (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Arabic

Currency: dinar

Continent: West Asia

The Mesopotamia

The land between the Euphrates and Tigris was not always so barren. It was considered the cradle of Babylonian culture.


According to Countryaah, Iraq is in the Middle East and still at war. Travel to Iraq is not recommended. However, the travel warning for the federal region of Kurdistan-Iraq is restricted.

Travel in Iraq

There are many historical buildings to be seen in Iraq, but it is not clear that many of them were destroyed or looted in the recent fighting. The only halfway safe place to travel is the Kurdish autonomous region in the north. The UN has had a protection zone north of the 36th parallel since the second Gulf War. The most interesting town in this area is Kirkuk (or: Kerkuk). It was part of the ancient Assyrian Empire of Mittani. This stretched from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea and was in turn part of the ancient Northern Syrian Empire. Especially those interested in adventure and cultural travelers get their money’s worth in Iraq. Because between desert, stone and ruins are traces of ancient cultures, the imprints of which extend to the present day.


Currency (sub-unit)

Dinar (1000 fils)

ISO 4217 code

IQD / 368


Continent: Asia

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 33 ° 13 ‘23.5 ” E 43 ° 40’ 45.4″

Highest mountain: Haji Ibrahim (3,600 m)

Total area: 437,072 km²

Mainland: 432,162 km²

National border: 3,650 km

Coastline: 58 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 1932

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: Arab League

Form of government: People’s Democrat. republic


Iraq GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Petroleum, dates, wool, cement

GDP: $ 34,089,500,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 98.8 billion

GDP share of agriculture: 6.6%

GDP share of industry: 68.2%

GDP share of services: 25.2%

Inflation rate: 37%

Unemployment: 26%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

Foreign debt: $ 79 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 10,073,000,000

Electricity consumption: 34,000 million KWh

Gas reserves: 3,115,000 million m³

Gas production: 2,890 million m³

Gas consumption: 2,890 million m³

Oil reserves: 112,500 million m³

Oil production: 2,148,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 342,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 13.68%

Bovine: 1,560,000 pieces

Sheep: 6,100,000 pieces

Fishing: 21,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 26,783,400

Residents in cities: 17,833,000

Average age: 19.7 years

0-14 years: 39.7%

15-64 years: 57.3%

> 65 years: 3%

Population growth: 2.66%

Birth rate: 31.98 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 5.37 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.02

Fertility: 4.18 children / woman

Infant mortality: 48.64 ‰

Life expectancy men: 67.76 years

Life expectancy women: 70.31 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: IQ

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: IRQ

ISO 3166 numeric: 368

Top Level Domain: iq

IOC country code: IRQ


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 690,000

Cell Phones: 78,000

Radios: 5,740,000

TV: 2,094,000

Computer: 390,000

Internet users: 134,000


Railway lines: 2,271 km

Paved roads: 41,492 km

Cars: 1,082,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 13

Pipelines: 8,500


Number of doctors: 12,700

Daily food intake: 2.180 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 600


Illiteracy: 58%


Foundation: 3000 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1932 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Muslims

Defense Spending: $ 1,340,000,000


Arriving by plane

Iraq’s national airline is called Iraqi Airways (IA) (Internet:

There are connections with Austrian Airlines (OS) from Vienna directly to Erbil. From London there is a direct connection to Sulaimaniyya.

Lufthansa (LH) currently operates the Frankfurt-Erbil and Frankfurt-Baghdad routes.

Air Berlin (AB) flies regularly to Erbil and Sulaimaniyya from Munich.

Air passes

With the Visit Middle East Pass from Allianz Oneworld, travelers can book any number of flights (at least 3 flights) with the participating airlines British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Qatar Airways and Royal Jordanian and travel to the following 12 countries: Egypt, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq Yemen, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and United Arab Emirates.

Arrival by car

The embassy can provide information about which border crossings are currently open. Trips are organized from Amman to Baghdad.

Arriving by train

The rail connections are in a catastrophic condition and are not recommended for foreign travelers.

Arrival by ship

There are ports in Basra, Khor az-Zubayr and Umm Qasr. Larger ships can currently only dock in Basra. No passenger traffic.




No current information is currently available in this category.

Traveling by plane

Civil air traffic between Erbil, Baghdad, Basra, Mosul and Sulaimaniya is developing slowly and is constantly being expanded.

On the way by car / bus

Warnings are given against traveling by car. Roadblocks and mines must be expected. There is right-hand traffic.

Rental cars:
are possibly available at the airport.

international driver’s license and liability insurance.

Traveling in the city

In the larger cities there are minibuses and shared taxis. It is uncertain whether there are bus connections from Baghdad to other cities.

On the go by train

Rail travel in the country is strongly discouraged. Only the Baghdad-Basra line is in operation, but it is very irregular.