Iran Travel Overview
Official language: Persian
Continent: South Asia
From the desert to the glacier
Persian culture once reached as far as Europe, and the cultural exchange between the two regions spurred both of them. Years of war and upheaval have culturally isolated the Lnad.
According to Countryaah, Iran is part of the Near / Middle East and was once on the Silk Road. This economic trade in goods of the ancient world between Europe and Asia helped the old Persian Empire to wealth and power.
You can easily enter Iran. Against reports from some security forces, the country is not in a state of war and there is not a terrorist lurking around every corner who wants to kidnap them. However, the country is still in an internal turmoil and freedom of expression in Iran only exists in theory. However, there is a lot to see in the country. On the one hand, there are well-known buildings such as the Azadi Tower in Tehran, the Eram Garden in Shiraz, the Ali Qapu in Isfahan and the Furg Citadel in Birjand. And then the landscape of Iran is very varied and has everything to offer, from the Dash-e Kavir desert to the lush green province of Far to the green high mountains near Mazandaran to the snow-covered oneMount Damavand. Wanderers don’t get bored in Iran.
Iran is of course shaped by its Persian history. The country has different cultural customs and traditions than its surrounding countries, and Iran is certainly not an Arab country! Iran borders on the Caucasus and is therefore a neighbor of Armenia and Azerbaijan. In addition to the Christian minorities in Iran, there was also a lot of cultural (especially culinary) exchange on this north-south axis. The north of Iran, which also borders Turkey, is the most densely populated area in the country. If you are traveling, you will most likely be in this area. Because in terms of area and population, Iran is one of thelargest countries in the world and therefore certainly not suitable for a short trip.
Iran is quite suitable for traveling. However, there are several things you should watch out for. In general, clothes that are too short or too tight should not be worn. Women are advised not to speak to other men in public, otherwise they would be seen as “fair game”. And in general they should not mess with Iranian law. Police officers are known for their brutality and judges for the severity of the sentences. For example, homosexuality is forbidden in Iran and the penalties for alcohol or drug use can be draconian.
Official language: Persian
ISO 4217 code
IRR / 364
Geo coordinates: N 32 ° 25 ‘40.5 “E 53 ° 41’ 17”
Highest mountain: Qolleh-ye Damavand (5,671 m)
Total area: 1,648,000 km²
Mainland: 1,636,000 km²
National border: 5,440 km
Coastline: 2,440 km
Dependency: Great Britain until 1923
Russia until 1923
UN member since: 1945
Form of government: Islamic Republic
Export goods: Petroleum, carpets, wool
BSP: $ 175,322,000,000
GDP: $ 202.974 billion
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 622.4 billion
Economic growth: 6.3%
GDP share of agriculture: 11%
GDP share of industry: 43.4%
GDP share of services: 45.6%
Inflation rate: 12.7%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 30.8%
Export: $ 62,270,000,000
Import: $ 69.830 billion
Foreign debt: $ 25.4 billion
Gold and currency reserves: $ 53.17 billion
Electricity consumption: 145,300 million KWh
Gas reserves: 8,388,607 million m³
Gas production: 112,000 million m³
Gas consumption: 112,000 million m³
Oil reserves: 133,300 million m³
Oil production: 3,986,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 1,453,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 11.16%
Bovine: 9,103,000 pieces
Sheep: 53,700,000 pieces
Fishing: 382,000 t
Residents in cities: 45,474,000
Average age: 24.8 years
0-14 years: 26.1%
15-64 years: 69%
> 65 years: 4.9%
Population growth: 1.1%
Birth rate: 17 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 5.55 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -0.48 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 1.04
Fertility: 1.8 children / woman
Infant mortality: 40.3 ‰
Life expectancy men: 68.86 years
Life expectancy women: 71.74 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: IR
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: IRN
ISO 3166 numeric: 364
Top Level Domain: ir
IOC country code: IRI
UN / LOCODE: IR
Telephone connections: 23,622,000
Cell Phones: 6,447,000
Internet users: 9,600,000
Railway lines: 7,256 km
Paved roads: 138,764 km
of which expressways: 910 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 141
Number of doctors: 67,700
Daily food intake: 3,020 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 38,000
Foundation: 843 BC Chr.
Last sovereign since: -1935 BC Chr.
Main religious group: Muslims
Prison inmates: 134,800
Armed forces (troop strength): 570,000
Main battle tank: 1,620
Defense Spending: $ 6,329,000,000
Arriving by plane
Iran’s national airline Iran Air (IR) (Internet: www.iranair.com) offers connections several times a week from Frankfurt / M (non-stop) and other major German cities as well as from Austria and Switzerland to Tehran.
Mahan Air (Internet: www.mahan.aero) flies from Düsseldorf and Munich several times a week to Tehran.
There are non-stop flights to Tehran with Lufthansa (LH) from Frankfurt and Munich, with Austrian Airlines (OS) from Vienna. Austrian Airlines (OS) also connects Vienna with Isfahan. From Switzerland there are transfer connections via Frankfurt or Vienna.
With the Visit Middle East Pass from Allianz Oneworld, travelers can book any number of flights (at least 3 flights) with the participating airlines British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Qatar Airways and Royal Jordanian and travel to the following 12 countries: Egypt, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq Yemen, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and United Arab Emirates.
Arrival by car
There are no reliable international road connections. Several roads lead to Iran from Turkey and Pakistan, but their use is not recommended. Entry and exit by land is possible via Turkey (Bazargan border crossing) and Turkmenistan (Badj-Giran, Sarakhs, Loftabad and Pol border crossing). The border areas with Pakistan (Mirjaveh border crossing) should be avoided. The border crossings to Afghanistan and Iraq are closed. Details from the embassy.
Arriving by train
RAJA trains (belonging to the Iranian State Railways. Internet: www.raja.ir) offer passenger connections from Tehran to Istanbul (Turkey) and Damascus (Syria), from Tabriz to Van (Turkey) and from Zahedan to Quetta (Pakistan).
Arrival by ship
The main port of Khorramshahr was completely destroyed in the war with Iraq and is currently being rebuilt. The ports of Bandar Abbas, Bandar Bushehr and Imam Khomeini in the Persian Gulf and Nawshahr and Anzali in the Caspian Sea are called.