Iran Travel Overview

Iran Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Tehran (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Persian

Currency: Rial

Continent: South Asia

From the desert to the glacier

Persian culture once reached as far as Europe, and the cultural exchange between the two regions spurred both of them. Years of war and upheaval have culturally isolated the Lnad.


According to Countryaah, Iran is part of the Near / Middle East and was once on the Silk Road. This economic trade in goods of the ancient world between Europe and Asia helped the old Persian Empire to wealth and power.

Travel to Iran

You can easily enter Iran. Against reports from some security forces, the country is not in a state of war and there is not a terrorist lurking around every corner who wants to kidnap them. However, the country is still in an internal turmoil and freedom of expression in Iran only exists in theory. However, there is a lot to see in the country. On the one hand, there are well-known buildings such as the Azadi Tower in Tehran, the Eram Garden in Shiraz, the Ali Qapu in Isfahan and the Furg Citadel in Birjand. And then the landscape of Iran is very varied and has everything to offer, from the Dash-e Kavir desert to the lush green province of Far to the green high mountains near Mazandaran to the snow-covered oneMount Damavand. Wanderers don’t get bored in Iran.

Culture in Iran

Iran is of course shaped by its Persian history. The country has different cultural customs and traditions than its surrounding countries, and Iran is certainly not an Arab country! Iran borders on the Caucasus and is therefore a neighbor of Armenia and Azerbaijan. In addition to the Christian minorities in Iran, there was also a lot of cultural (especially culinary) exchange on this north-south axis. The north of Iran, which also borders Turkey, is the most densely populated area in the country. If you are traveling, you will most likely be in this area. Because in terms of area and population, Iran is one of thelargest countries in the world and therefore certainly not suitable for a short trip.

Security in Iran

Iran is quite suitable for traveling. However, there are several things you should watch out for. In general, clothes that are too short or too tight should not be worn. Women are advised not to speak to other men in public, otherwise they would be seen as “fair game”. And in general they should not mess with Iranian law. Police officers are known for their brutality and judges for the severity of the sentences. For example, homosexuality is forbidden in Iran and the penalties for alcohol or drug use can be draconian.


Currency (sub-unit)


ISO 4217 code

IRR / 364


Continent: Asia

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 32 ° 25 ‘40.5 “E 53 ° 41’ 17”

Highest mountain: Qolleh-ye Damavand (5,671 m)

Total area: 1,648,000 km²

Mainland: 1,636,000 km²

National border: 5,440 km

Coastline: 2,440 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 1923
Russia until 1923

UN member since: 1945

Form of government: Islamic Republic


Iran GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Petroleum, carpets, wool

BSP: $ 175,322,000,000

GDP: $ 202.974 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 622.4 billion

Economic growth: 6.3%

GDP share of agriculture: 11%

GDP share of industry: 43.4%

GDP share of services: 45.6%

Inflation rate: 12.7%

Unemployment: 11.3%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 30.8%

Export: $ 62,270,000,000

Import: $ 69.830 billion

Foreign debt: $ 25.4 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 53.17 billion

Electricity consumption: 145,300 million KWh

Gas reserves: 8,388,607 million m³

Gas production: 112,000 million m³

Gas consumption: 112,000 million m³

Oil reserves: 133,300 million m³

Oil production: 3,986,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 1,453,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 11.16%

Bovine: 9,103,000 pieces

Sheep: 53,700,000 pieces

Fishing: 382,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 68,688,500

Residents in cities: 45,474,000

Average age: 24.8 years

0-14 years: 26.1%

15-64 years: 69%

> 65 years: 4.9%

Population growth: 1.1%

Birth rate: 17 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 5.55 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.48 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.04

Fertility: 1.8 children / woman

Infant mortality: 40.3 ‰

Life expectancy men: 68.86 years

Life expectancy women: 71.74 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: IR

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: IRN

ISO 3166 numeric: 364

Top Level Domain: ir

IOC country code: IRI


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 23,622,000

Cell Phones: 6,447,000

Radios: 19,500,000

TV: 13,110,000

Computer: 6,490,000

Internet users: 9,600,000


Railway lines: 7,256 km

Paved roads: 138,764 km

of which expressways: 910 km

Cars: 3,160,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 141

Pipelines: 33,844


Number of doctors: 67,700

Daily food intake: 3,020 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 38,000


Illiteracy: 19%


Foundation: 843 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1935 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 134,800


Armed forces (troop strength): 570,000

Main battle tank: 1,620

Battleships: 5

Submarines: 5

Warplanes: 270

Helicopter: 50

Defense Spending: $ 6,329,000,000


Arriving by plane

Iran’s national airline Iran Air (IR) (Internet: offers connections several times a week from Frankfurt / M (non-stop) and other major German cities as well as from Austria and Switzerland to Tehran.

Mahan Air (Internet: flies from Düsseldorf and Munich several times a week to Tehran.

There are non-stop flights to Tehran with Lufthansa (LH) from Frankfurt and Munich, with Austrian Airlines (OS) from Vienna. Austrian Airlines (OS) also connects Vienna with Isfahan. From Switzerland there are transfer connections via Frankfurt or Vienna.

Flight times

70,000 RL.

Air passes

With the Visit Middle East Pass from Allianz Oneworld, travelers can book any number of flights (at least 3 flights) with the participating airlines British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Qatar Airways and Royal Jordanian and travel to the following 12 countries: Egypt, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq Yemen, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and United Arab Emirates.

Arrival by car

There are no reliable international road connections. Several roads lead to Iran from Turkey and Pakistan, but their use is not recommended. Entry and exit by land is possible via Turkey (Bazargan border crossing) and Turkmenistan (Badj-Giran, Sarakhs, Loftabad and Pol border crossing). The border areas with Pakistan (Mirjaveh border crossing) should be avoided. The border crossings to Afghanistan and Iraq are closed. Details from the embassy.

Arriving by train

RAJA trains (belonging to the Iranian State Railways. Internet: offer passenger connections from Tehran to Istanbul (Turkey) and Damascus (Syria), from Tabriz to Van (Turkey) and from Zahedan to Quetta (Pakistan).

Arrival by ship

The main port of Khorramshahr was completely destroyed in the war with Iraq and is currently being rebuilt. The ports of Bandar Abbas, Bandar Bushehr and Imam Khomeini in the Persian Gulf and Nawshahr and Anzali in the Caspian Sea are called.