Indonesia Travel Overview
Capital: Jakarta (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)
Official language: Bahasa Indonesia
Currency: Rupiah 1IDR = 0.00EUR
Continent: South East Asia
Many islands, different landscapes, many languages, many cultures, one state administration – this is the best way to describe the diverse Indonesia.
According to Countryaah, Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia spread over countless islands. To the north of Indonesia are Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Palau, to the east of Papua New Guinea and East Timor, to the south of Australia and the Indian Ocean, the latter also to the west of Indonesia. From the Malay Peninsula with western Malaysia and Singapore, Indonesia is delimited by the Strait of Malacca, and towards the Philippine Islands, the border crosses the Celebes Sea.
Some Indonesian islands
- Sumatra – is wild and rugged. The sixth largest island in the world has a great natural wealth.
- Borneo – unmapped jungle, mighty rivers, settlement area for orangutans and a paradise for adventurers.
- Java – the center of the country, megacities and many people in a small area.
Sulawesi (Celebes) – the island is geographically very elongated and is home to various forms of society and one or the other spectacular landscape.
A hepatitis A + B vaccination is recommended for a trip to Java and Bali. Furthermore, possible refresher courses for polio and typhus are also necessary. An effective diarrhea medicine should not be missing in your first-aid kit. Charcoal tablets are not advisable for diarrhea, they should only be used for poisoning.
Overall, you should always wear long clothes and use insect repellants and mosquito nets, so insect bites can largely be avoided.
Beware of dengue fever, infections on Java have risen sharply. The striped mosquitos can transmit the virus and are particularly active during the day. At malaria prophylaxis think!
Java attracts tourists with the world heritage sites Borobudur and Prambanan and the city of Yogyakarta, known for batik. The touristic volcanoes Bromo, Tankubanbrahu and Kawah Putih, seaside resorts such as Pangandaran and others on the west coast, as well as culturally interesting places such as Bandung and Cirebon and the Dieng Plateau, which is characterized by Hindu temples, attract tourists. The capital Jakarta, located on Java, is also a tourist destination, despite its unmanageable size and uncertain reputation.
In addition, the species-rich national parks are popular tourist destinations. The islands of Komodo, Rinca and Padar includes the Komodo National Park, where the Komodo dragon isis native. North Sulawesi, especially the area around the Togian Islands, are known as a diving paradise.
Rupiah (100 Sen)
ISO 4217 code
IDR / 360
Geo coordinates: S 0 ° -47 ‘-21.4 “E 113 ° 55’ 16.8”
Highest mountain: Puncak Jaya (5,030 m)
Total area: 1,919,440 km²
Mainland: 1,826,440 km²
National border: 2,602 km
Coastline: 54,716 km
Dependency: Netherlands until 1945
Formerly dependent states: East Timor until 1975
UN member since: 1950
Form of government: Presidential Republic
Export goods: Rubber, petroleum, tin, coffee
BSP: $ 304.797 billion
GDP: $ 317.454 billion
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 914 billion
Economic growth: 5.9%
GDP share of agriculture: 13%
GDP share of industry: 46.5%
GDP share of services: 40.5%
Inflation rate: 8.9%
State budget revenue: $ 4294967295
State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295
National debt: 46.2%
Export: $ 97.46 billion
Import: $ 79.110 billion
Foreign debt: $ 129 billion
Gold and currency reserves: $ 33.910 billion
Electricity consumption: 121,800 million KWh
Gas reserves: 2,557,000 million m³
Gas production: 87,800 million m³
Gas consumption: 28,100 million m³
Oil reserves: 4,600 million m³
Oil production: 1,089,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 1,127,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 17.87%
Bovine: 10,390,000 pieces
Sheep: 7,240,000 pieces
Fishing: 5,216,000 t
Residents in cities: 111,187,000
Average age: 26.8 years
0-14 years: 28.8%
15-64 years: 65.8%
> 65 years: 5.4%
Population growth: 1.41%
Birth rate: 20.34 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 6.25 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 1
Fertility: 2.4 children / woman
Infant mortality: 34.39 ‰
Life expectancy men: 67.42 years
Life expectancy women: 72.45 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: ID
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: IDN
ISO 3166 numeric: 360
Top Level Domain: id
IOC country code: INA
UN / LOCODE: ID
Telephone connections: 11,090,000
Cell Phones: 31,700,000
Internet users: 18,400,000
Railway lines: 6,458 km
Paved roads: 275,810 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 824
Number of doctors: 38,700
Daily food intake: 2,960 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 140,000
Last sovereign since: 1945
Main religious group: Muslims
Prison inmates: 86,200
Armed forces (troop strength): 303,000
Main battle tank: 350
Defense Spending: $ 1,300,000,000
Arriving by plane
Lufthansa (LH), Austrian (OS), Swiss (LX), Cathay Pacific (CX) (Internet: www.cathaypacific.com), Malaysia Airlines (MH), Singapore Airlines (SQ) (Internet: www.singaporeair.com) and Thai Airways International (TG) fly several times a week from Frankfurt / M. to Indonesia, depending on the airline with stopovers in Bangkok, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. Lufthansa (LH) flies directly to Jakarta from Frankfurt.
Royal Brunei Airlines (BI) and Korean Air (KE) fly from Frankfurt to Bali.
Note on arriving by plane
Airports through which entry and exit to / from Indonesia is possible:
Bali – Ngurah Rai;
Balikpapan – Sepinggan;
Jakarta – Halim Perdana Kusuma;
Jakarta – Soekarno-Hatta; Kupang – El Tarl;
Mataram – Selaparang;
Makassar – Hasanuddin;
Medan – Kuala Namu;
Menado – Sam Ratulangi;
Padang – tabing;
Pekan Baru – Sultan Syarif Kasim II;
Surabaya – Juanda;
Surakarta – Adisumarmo;
Yogyakarta – Adisucipto.
On departure: Rp 200,000 for Jakarta and Denpasar airports, up to Rp 115,000 for other airports.
Children under two years of age and transit passengers are excluded. The tax is usually already included in the flight ticket.
Arrival by car
Indonesia’s only international land borders are between Kalimantan and the Malaysian states of Sarawak and Sabah on the island of Borneo and between West Papua (Irian Jaya) and Papua New Guinea. There are no road links to Sabah; the few, poorly maintained roads to Sarawak are not recognized for entry into Indonesia.
Arriving by train
Broad National Railroad of Indonesia operate daily between Belawan (Sumatra) and Penang (West Malaysia).
Arrival by ship
Fast ferries run regularly between Belawan (Sumatra) and Penang in West Malaysia. There are also ferry connections between Mandalo (Sulawesi) and the Philippines.
Note on arrival by ship
Sea ports through which entry and exit to / from Indonesia is possible:
Batam – Sekupang / Batu Ampar / Nongsa / Marina Teluk Senimba;
Bali – Padang Bai / Benoa;
Belawan – Belawan;
Biting – biting;
Dumai – Yos Sudarso;
Jakarta – Tanjung Priok;
Kupang – Tenau;
Makassar – Soekarno Hatta;
Padang – Teluk Bayur;
Papua – Jayapura;
Pare-pare – pare-pare;
Semarang – Tanjung Mas;
Sibolga – Sibolga;
Tanjung Balai Karimun – Tanjung Balai Karimun;
Tanjung Uban – Bandar Bintan Telani / Lagoi / Bandar Sri Udana Lobam.
Indonesian ports are called among others by the following cruise lines:Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten (Internet: www.hlkf.de), Seabourn Cruise Line (Internet: www.seabourn.com) and Silversea Cruises (Internet: www.silversea.com).