Indonesia Travel Overview

Indonesia Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Jakarta (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Bahasa Indonesia

Currency: Rupiah 1IDR = 0.00EUR

Continent: South East Asia

Indonesia vacation

Many islands, different landscapes, many languages, many cultures, one state administration – this is the best way to describe the diverse Indonesia.


According to Countryaah, Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia spread over countless islands. To the north of Indonesia are Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Palau, to the east of Papua New Guinea and East Timor, to the south of Australia and the Indian Ocean, the latter also to the west of Indonesia. From the Malay Peninsula with western Malaysia and Singapore, Indonesia is delimited by the Strait of Malacca, and towards the Philippine Islands, the border crosses the Celebes Sea.

Some Indonesian islands

  • Sumatra – is wild and rugged. The sixth largest island in the world has a great natural wealth.
  • Borneo – unmapped jungle, mighty rivers, settlement area for orangutans and a paradise for adventurers.
  • Java – the center of the country, megacities and many people in a small area.
    Sulawesi (Celebes) – the island is geographically very elongated and is home to various forms of society and one or the other spectacular landscape.


A hepatitis A + B vaccination is recommended for a trip to Java and Bali. Furthermore, possible refresher courses for polio and typhus are also necessary. An effective diarrhea medicine should not be missing in your first-aid kit. Charcoal tablets are not advisable for diarrhea, they should only be used for poisoning.
Overall, you should always wear long clothes and use insect repellants and mosquito nets, so insect bites can largely be avoided.

Beware of dengue fever, infections on Java have risen sharply. The striped mosquitos can transmit the virus and are particularly active during the day. At malaria prophylaxis think!


Java attracts tourists with the world heritage sites Borobudur and Prambanan and the city of Yogyakarta, known for batik. The touristic volcanoes Bromo, Tankubanbrahu and Kawah Putih, seaside resorts such as Pangandaran and others on the west coast, as well as culturally interesting places such as Bandung and Cirebon and the Dieng Plateau, which is characterized by Hindu temples, attract tourists. The capital Jakarta, located on Java, is also a tourist destination, despite its unmanageable size and uncertain reputation.

In addition, the species-rich national parks are popular tourist destinations. The islands of Komodo, Rinca and Padar includes the Komodo National Park, where the Komodo dragon isis native. North Sulawesi, especially the area around the Togian Islands, are known as a diving paradise.


Currency (sub-unit)

Rupiah (100 Sen)

ISO 4217 code

IDR / 360


Continent: Asia

Region: Southeast

Geo coordinates: S 0 ° -47 ‘-21.4 “E 113 ° 55’ 16.8”

Highest mountain: Puncak Jaya (5,030 m)

Total area: 1,919,440 km²

Mainland: 1,826,440 km²

National border: 2,602 km

Coastline: 54,716 km


Dependency: Netherlands until 1945

Formerly dependent states: East Timor until 1975

UN member since: 1950

Form of government: Presidential Republic


Indonesia GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Rubber, petroleum, tin, coffee

BSP: $ 304.797 billion

GDP: $ 317.454 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 914 billion

Economic growth: 5.9%

GDP share of agriculture: 13%

GDP share of industry: 46.5%

GDP share of services: 40.5%

Inflation rate: 8.9%

Unemployment: 12.3%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 46.2%

Export: $ 97.46 billion

Import: $ 79.110 billion

Foreign debt: $ 129 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 33.910 billion

Electricity consumption: 121,800 million KWh

Gas reserves: 2,557,000 million m³

Gas production: 87,800 million m³

Gas consumption: 28,100 million m³

Oil reserves: 4,600 million m³

Oil production: 1,089,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 1,127,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 17.87%

Bovine: 10,390,000 pieces

Sheep: 7,240,000 pieces

Fishing: 5,216,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 245.452.800

Residents in cities: 111,187,000

Average age: 26.8 years

0-14 years: 28.8%

15-64 years: 65.8%

> 65 years: 5.4%

Population growth: 1.41%

Birth rate: 20.34 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 6.25 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1

Fertility: 2.4 children / woman

Infant mortality: 34.39 ‰

Life expectancy men: 67.42 years

Life expectancy women: 72.45 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: ID

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: IDN

ISO 3166 numeric: 360

Top Level Domain: id

IOC country code: INA


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 11,090,000

Cell Phones: 31,700,000

Radios: 46,300,000

TV: 40,127,000

Computer: 3,566,000

Internet users: 18,400,000


Railway lines: 6,458 km

Paved roads: 275,810 km

Cars: 3,936,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 824

Pipelines: 18,422


Number of doctors: 38,700

Daily food intake: 2,960 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 140,000


Illiteracy: 10%


Foundation: 700

Last sovereign since: 1945


Main religious group: Muslims


Prison inmates: 86,200


Armed forces (troop strength): 303,000

Main battle tank: 350

Battleships: 16

Warplanes: 100

Helicopter: 90

Defense Spending: $ 1,300,000,000


Arriving by plane

Lufthansa (LH), Austrian (OS), Swiss (LX), Cathay Pacific (CX) (Internet:, Malaysia Airlines (MH), Singapore Airlines (SQ) (Internet: and Thai Airways International (TG) fly several times a week from Frankfurt / M. to Indonesia, depending on the airline with stopovers in Bangkok, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. Lufthansa (LH) flies directly to Jakarta from Frankfurt.

Royal Brunei Airlines (BI) and Korean Air (KE) fly from Frankfurt to Bali.

Note on arriving by plane

Airports through which entry and exit to / from Indonesia is possible:
Bali – Ngurah Rai;
Balikpapan – Sepinggan;
Jakarta – Halim Perdana Kusuma;
Jakarta – Soekarno-Hatta; Kupang – El Tarl;
Mataram – Selaparang;
Makassar – Hasanuddin;
Medan – Kuala Namu;
Menado – Sam Ratulangi;
Padang – tabing;
Pekan Baru – Sultan Syarif Kasim II;
Surabaya – Juanda;
Surakarta – Adisumarmo;
Yogyakarta – Adisucipto.

Departure fee

On departure: Rp 200,000 for Jakarta and Denpasar airports, up to Rp 115,000 for other airports.
Children under two years of age and transit passengers are excluded. The tax is usually already included in the flight ticket.

Arrival by car

Indonesia’s only international land borders are between Kalimantan and the Malaysian states of Sarawak and Sabah on the island of Borneo and between West Papua (Irian Jaya) and Papua New Guinea. There are no road links to Sabah; the few, poorly maintained roads to Sarawak are not recognized for entry into Indonesia.

Arriving by train

Broad National Railroad of Indonesia operate daily between Belawan (Sumatra) and Penang (West Malaysia).

Arrival by ship

Fast ferries run regularly between Belawan (Sumatra) and Penang in West Malaysia. There are also ferry connections between Mandalo (Sulawesi) and the Philippines.

Note on arrival by ship

Sea ports through which entry and exit to / from Indonesia is possible:
Batam – Sekupang / Batu Ampar / Nongsa / Marina Teluk Senimba;
Bali – Padang Bai / Benoa;
Belawan – Belawan;
Biting – biting;
Dumai – Yos Sudarso;
Jakarta – Tanjung Priok;
Kupang – Tenau;
Makassar – Soekarno Hatta;
Padang – Teluk Bayur;
Papua – Jayapura;
Pare-pare – pare-pare;
Semarang – Tanjung Mas;
Sibolga – Sibolga;
Tanjung Balai Karimun – Tanjung Balai Karimun;
Tanjung Uban – Bandar Bintan Telani / Lagoi / Bandar Sri Udana Lobam.

Passenger lines
Indonesian ports are called among others by the following cruise lines:Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten (Internet:, Seabourn Cruise Line (Internet: and Silversea Cruises (Internet: