India Travel Overview

India Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: New Delhi (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Hindi, English

Currency: Rupee 1INR = 0.01EUR

Continent: South Asia

India: the spice shop in the world

India is as diverse as its 28 states. The states are largely delimited by linguistic lines. Their size varies a lot; some states are larger than some nation states in Europe.


According to Countryaah, India is a subcontinent in Asia. It borders on Tibet / China, Pakistan, Nepal, Burma, Bangladesh and Bhutan.

The Indian states and union territories can be summarized in the following regions: Himalaya – mountainous, magical landscape. Offers something for both the adventurer and the spiritually inclined. This is also where the disputed Kashmir region is located.

Central India – the heart of India with the capital New Delhi. The Ganges and Yamuna rivers flow through the area. In addition, many events that shape the history of India took place here.

West Indies – desert areas and pretty but crowded cities like Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Bikaner, Goa. The largest city, bustling Bombay (now known as Mumbai), is also here; also beautiful beaches and Bollywood (Indian film industry in Bombay).

East India – the most rural region of India; largest city is Calcutta (now known as Kolkata); the temple cities of Puri and Bhubaneswar, both in the state of Orissa.

Northeast India – remote and fragile; beautiful landscapes and the famous tea gardens.

South India – colored Hindu temples, tropical forests, the reservoirs of Kerala, beaches, the ghats of Karnataka and the archipelagos off the coast.


India has repeatedly been the target of terrorist attacks. The place and time cannot be predicted, attacks can take place anywhere.
Safest means of transport is in sight, the web is of long trips on the road – India has more than 100,000 annually deaths. The roads are in poor condition and the driving skills of many Indians are on the lowest level. In addition, a large number of vehicles are hardly fit to drive. Traffic offenses are usually compensated with bribery.


The year is essentially divided into summer, winter and rainy season, which differ from region to region. In the summer months from April to June, the heat can only be endured in the mountains.

From July to August is the rainy season (monsoon). Umbrellas and / or rainwear are recommended here, but provide insufficient protection against the constant heavy rain and the all-pervading moisture.

In the winter monthsDecember to February it can get very cool at night in the north, as most houses and apartments are only inadequately protected against the cold. During this time, transitional clothing is appropriate. Scarves and hats protect you from the wind on rickshaw trips, a warm sleeping bag from the cold at night. In general, however, winter is climatically the most pleasant travel time for most areas.


Should you still get sick in India, you can go to a traditional Ayurveda therapist for treatment. More and more people from Europe are flying to India to get rid of their chronic diseases there. Or attend a yoga class to stay healthy. This movement theory is part of the Indian tradition and gets the cycle going.


Currency (sub-unit)

Rupee (100 Paise)

ISO 4217 code

INR / 356


Continent: Asia

Region: south

Geo coordinates: N 20 ° 35 ‘37.3 ” E 78 ° 57’ 46.4″

Highest mountain: Kanchenjunga (8,598 m)

Total area: 3,287,590 km²

Mainland: 2,973,190 km²

National border: 14,103 km

Coastline: 7,000 km


Dependency: Great Britain until 1947

Formerly dependent states: Bhutan until 1949

UN member since: 1947

Other political affiliation: Commonwealth

Form of government: Parliamentary democracy


India GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Cotton goods, jute, tea

BSP: $ 821,466,900,000

GDP: $ 842,343,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 3,960,000,000,000

Economic growth: 8.1%

GDP share of agriculture: 18.2%

GDP share of industry: 27.3%

GDP share of services: 54.5%

Inflation rate: 4.4%

Unemployment: 8.7%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 52.4%

Export: $ 85,410,000,000

Import: $ 116.4 billion

Foreign debt: $ 134.8 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 151 billion

Electricity consumption: 567,000 million KWh

Gas reserves: 853,500 million m³

Gas production: 34,710 million m³

Gas consumption: 34,710 million m³

Oil reserves: 5,700 million m³

Oil production: 789,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 2,810,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 51.04%

Bovine: 241,465,000 pieces

Pigs: 19,240,000 pieces

Sheep: 60,040,000 pieces

Fishing: 6,170,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 1,095,352,000

Residents in cities: 301,940,000

Average age: 24.9 years

0-14 years: 30.8%

15-64 years: 64.3%

> 65 years: 4.9%

Population growth: 1.38%

Birth rate: 22.01 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 8.18 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -0.07 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.06

Fertility: 2.73 children / woman

Infant mortality: 54.63 ‰

Life expectancy men: 63.9 years

Life expectancy women: 65.57 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: IN

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: IND

ISO 3166 numeric: 356

Top Level Domain: in

IOC country code: IND


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 68,470,000

Cell Phones: 48,142,000

Radios: 138,900,000

TV: 107,055,000

Computer: 14,966,000

Internet users: 38,900,000


Railway lines: 63,230 km

Paved roads: 1,716,940 km

Cars: 10,758,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 316

Pipelines: 18,546


Number of doctors: 556,000

Daily food intake: 2,550 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 6,930,000


Illiteracy: 39%


Foundation: 1500 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1947 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Hinduists


Prison inmates: 321,300


Armed forces (troop strength): 1,360,000

Main battle tank: 3,420

Battleships: 21st

Submarines: 17

Warplanes: 730

Helicopter: 200

Nuclear warheads: 75

Defense Spending: $ 21,797,000,000