Hungary Travel Overview

Hungary Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Budapest

Official language: Hungarian

Currency: Forint 1HUF = 0.00EUR

Continent: Eastern Europe

Vacation in Hungary

According to Countryaah, Hungary, located in the east of Europe, attracts not only with its scenic charm and picturesque cities, but also with a rich cultural offer. The country has around 10 million residents and an area of ​​93,030 km2. The Hungarian language belongs to the Finno-Ugric language family and thus differs significantly from most European languages ​​that belong to the Indo-European language family.

City trip to Budapest

The capital Budapest, known as the Paris of the East, lies on both sides of the Danube between the Hungarian low mountain range and the great lowlands. On the right bank of the Danube are the districts of Buda with the castle hill and Obuda with the ruins of the old Roman legion camp Aquincum, on the left bank of the Pest district. The architectural style from different epochs gives the city its very own atmosphere.

Budapest offers wonderful cultural monuments and offers a variety of sights, such as the Castle District, the Fisherman’s Bastion, the Parliament Building, Heroes’ Square, State Opera, Gellért Hill Spa and of course the famous, traditional Café Gerbeaud. Lovers of Art Nouveau who are already familiar with Art Nouveau in Vienna and Prague will also get their money’s worth in Budapest.

Puszta and Lake Balaton

A large part of the country’s area lies in the Pannonian Plain, which is traversed by the Hungarian low mountain ranges. There are plenty of opportunities to explore the country, such as city tours, e.g. B. Budapest, Szeged, Pécs, a vacation on the largest lake in the country, Lake Balaton, a Puszta vacation with horse riding – horse riding is a folk tradition in Hungary, day trips to Gyor or Sopron and stays in one of the many are also popular Thermal baths or exploring nature reserves.

Thermal spa vacation in Hungary

The Hungarian thermal baths have always had an excellent reputation, as the healing waters are ideal for bathing and drinking cures. The most famous health resorts are Bük, Debrecen, Eger, Gyula, Hévíz, Kiskunmajsa. For example, Bad Bük is particularly good for treating the musculoskeletal system due to the thermal water containing magnesium, calcium and hydrogen carbonate. The Debrecen Spa and the Eger Medicinal Springsare recommended for the treatment of chronic joint inflammation, cartilage wear diseases, orthopedic changes, after-treatment of accidents, some cardiovascular disorders, in numerous cases with gynecological diseases, as well as with nerve pain. In addition to the therapy options mentioned above, the Gyula bathing town is also popular with guests with stomach diseases. The health resort of Hévíz is also well known. The lake of this health resort is supplied by a thermal spring. The temperature of the medicinal water is 33-35 degrees in the summer months and around 26 degrees in winter.

The Hungarian cuisine

The hearty Hungarian cuisine with dishes such as gulyás, paprika chicken, fish soup, salami and Esterházy cake, as well as the Hungarian wine of the Tokaj people, is also well known, with which many fell into nostalgic dreams. The whole country offers a variety of possibilities to spend a varied, interesting and culturally appealing vacation.

Important facts

Capital: Budapest

Official language: Hungarian

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Forint (100 filler)

ISO 4217 code

HUF / 348

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: east

Geo coordinates: N 47 ° 9 ’45 ” E 19 ° 30′ 11.9″

Highest mountain: Kekes (1,014 m)

Total area: 93,030 km²

Mainland: 92,340 km²

National border: 2,171 km

Politics

Dependency: Austria until 1918

UN member since: 1955

Other political affiliation: European Union since 2004

Form of government: People’s Republic

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized

Political culture: Tendency towards subject culture (great dissatisfaction with democracy)

Particularities: At the time of the state crisis in Hungary, according to the Prime Minister’s admission to have “lied” to the people

Economy

Hungary GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Machines, food

BSP: $ 128.993 billion

GDP: $ 134,282,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 176.8 billion

Economic growth: 3.9%

GDP share of agriculture: 3.5%

GDP share of industry: 31%

GDP share of services: 65.5%

Inflation rate: 4.2%

Unemployment: 7.6%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 59.4%

Export: $ 69,220,000,000

Import: $ 73,334,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 73,480,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 21.76 billion

Electricity consumption: 38,500 million KWh

Gas reserves: 34,260 million m³

Gas production: 2,670 million m³

Gas consumption: 15,670 million m³

Oil reserves: 111 million m³

Oil production: 45,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 138,100 million m³

Cultivation area: 51.5%

Bovine: 677,000 pieces

Pigs: 4,524,000 pieces

Sheep: 1,350,000 pieces

Demographic data

Residents: 9,981,400

Residents in cities: 6,424,000

Minorities: Roma (1.9%), Germans (0.6%), Slovaks (0.2%), Croats (0.15%)

Average age: 38.7 years

0-14 years: 15.6%

15-64 years: 69.2%

> 65 years: 15.2%

Population growth: -0.25%

Birth rate: 9.72 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 13.11 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 0.86 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.91

Fertility: 1.32 children / woman

Infant mortality: 8.39 ‰

Life expectancy men: 68.45 years

Life expectancy women: 77.14 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: HU

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: HUN

ISO 3166 numeric: 348

Top Level Domain: hu

IOC country code: HUN

UN / LOCODE: HU

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 4,060,000

Cell Phones: 8,586,000

Radios: 7,150,000

TV: 4,890,000

Computer: 1,560,000

Internet users: 2,340,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 7,937 km

Paved roads: 70,216 km

of which expressways: 667 km

Cars: 3,124,000

Pipelines: 5,722

Health

Number of doctors: 33,050

Daily food intake: 3,570 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 3,000

Education

Illiteracy: 1 %

History

Foundation: 1001

Last sovereign since: 1918

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: Roman Catholic (52%), Calvinist-ref. (16%.), Evangelical-Lutheran. (3%), Jewish (0.1%), non-denominational (14.5%)

Crime

Prison inmates: 16,400

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 32,000

Main battle tank: 170

Warplanes: 90

Helicopter: 90

Defense Spending: $ 1,567,800,000