North America

Honduras Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Tegucigalpa

Official language: Spanish

Currency: Lempira

Continent: Central North America

Between surfers beach and Mayan temple

Ancient Mayan sites and diving paradise. Honduras offers many contrasts, unfortunately also due to its visible poverty.

Location

According to Countryaah, Honduras is in Central America. It borders on El Salvador to the southwest, Guatemala to the northwest, Nicaragua to the south and a long stretch of coastline of the Caribbean Sea to the north. In addition, Honduras has a small access to the Pacific Ocean in the south through the Gulf of Fonseca.

Vacation Honduras

Due to its location in the Caribbean Sea, Honduras is ideal for swimming, snorkeling and diving in warm water. It is also a destination for surfers due to the access to the Pacific.

Security

Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Central America. It has a bad reputation for travel safety. Here are a few recommendations: do not display your valuables and equipment openly, avoid dark and empty areas, do not stay in one place too long at night, e.g. when waiting in front of the hotel – inquire about the opening times of your hostel and should If you are asked by the police to follow it, you should only do so if you are accompanied.

Particularities

The extreme west of today’s Honduras was the settlement area of ​​the ancient Maya. In Copán there are still some small pyramids, temples and steles that are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Important facts

Capital: Tegucigalpa

Official language: Spanish

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Lempira (100 Centavos)

ISO 4217 code

HNL / 340

Geography

Continent: North America

Region: medium

Geo coordinates: N 15 ° 11 ’60 ” W -86 ° -14′ -30.9″

Highest mountain: Cero Las Minas (2,870 m)

Total area: 112,090 km²

Mainland: 111,890 km²

National border: 1,520 km

Coastline: 820 km

Politics

Dependency: Spain until 1821

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: Organization of American States

Form of government: Presidential Democracy

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: decentralized

Political culture: Subject culture

Particularities: The president is both head of state and head of government and cannot be re-elected.

Economy

Honduras GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Bananas, coffee, wood

BSP: $ 8,799,000,000

GDP: $ 8,823,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 22,040,000,000

Economic growth: 4.4%

GDP share of agriculture: 13.7%

GDP share of industry: 31.8%

GDP share of services: 54.5%

Inflation rate: 9.3%

Unemployment: 27.3%

State budget revenue: $ 1924 billion

State budget expenditure: $ 2094 billion

National debt: 66.2%

Export: $ 1,934,000,000

Import: $ 4,475,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 6,072,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 2,561,000,000

Electricity consumption: 5,226 million KWh

Oil consumption: 42,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 12.73%

Bovine: 1,717,000 pieces

Pigs: 497,000 pieces

Demographic data

Residents: 7,326,500

Residents in cities: 3,342,000

Minorities: Ladinos, indigenous people, Afro-Hondurans

Average age: 19.5 years

0-14 years: 39.9%

15-64 years: 56.7%

> 65 years: 3.4%

Population growth: 2.16%

Birth rate: 28.24 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 5.28 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -1.39 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 1.01

Fertility: 3.59 children / woman

Infant mortality: 25.82 ‰

Life expectancy men: 67.75 years

Life expectancy women: 70.98 years

Country codes

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: HN

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: HND

ISO 3166 numeric: 340

Top Level Domain: hn

IOC country code: HON

UN / LOCODE: HN

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 416,000

Cell Phones: 509,000

Radios: 2,960,000

TV: 1,218,000

Computer: 148,000

Internet users: 294,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 699 km

Paved roads: 1,996 km

Cars: 436,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 136

Health

Number of doctors: 5,460

Daily food intake: 2,450 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 75,000

Education

Illiteracy: 22%

History

Foundation: 900

Last sovereign since: 1821

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: 97% Roman Catholic, 3% Protestant

Crime

Prison inmates: 12,000

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 14,000

Defense Spending: $ 57,000,000

GETTING THERE

Arriving by plane

There are no direct flights from Frankfurt / M., Zurich and Vienna. Flight connections go with Lufthansa (LH) from Frankfurt via Houston and Miami. There are flight connections from Miami and Houston with Avianca (AV) and American Airlines (AA). There is also a connection via Atlanta. Onward flight from Atlanta with Delta Airlines.
Connections from Austria and Switzerland also go via London, Paris or Amsterdam and New York.

Departure fee

Approx. US $ 40 in cash. This does not apply to children under the age of 12 and travelers in transit who fly on within 12 hours.

Arrival by car

El Salvador and Nicaragua can be reached via the Pan-American Highway, and Guatemala via the western expressway. Visas must be obtained prior to travel. Waiting times must be expected at the border crossings. Long-distance

bus:
Comfortable long-distance buses from private providers such as Ticabus (Internet: www.ticabus.com) go to all capitals in Central America. Hedman Alas (Internet: www.hedmanalas.com) offers connections to Guatemala. Advance booking is recommended.

Arriving by train

There are no rail connections to neighboring countries.

Arrival by ship

The largest ports on the Caribbean coast are Amapala, El Henecan, La Ceiba, Puerto Cortés and Roatán. However, these ports are usually only called by cargo and container ships.

Cruise ships sometimes dock on the island of Roatán, which has the ultra-modern new cruise port “Mahogany Bay” (Internet: www.mahoganybaycc.com).

There are shipping connections between Puerto Cortés and Placencia (Belize) and in summer from Omoa and Utila to Livingston (Guatemala).

ON THE GO

Overview

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[*] Including 2 hours of navigation.

Traveling by plane

The domestic airlines Isleña Airlines (WC) (Internet: http://www.flyislena.com/) and Aerolíneas Sosa (P4) connect Tegucigalpa with the provincial cities of the country on a daily basis. Isleña Airlines and Sosa Airlines offer flights to the island of Utila off the Caribbean coast.

There are over 30 airports for business and charter traffic. Even remote regions are regularly served by light aircraft.

On the way by car / bus

The road network covers 15,100 km, of which around 3,000 km are paved, most of the roads are gravel. Overall, the road network is badly damaged. The main road between Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula is the only road that is in good condition. Weatherproof roads lead from Tegucigalpa to San Pedro Sula, Puerto Cortés, La Ceiba and the most important cities on the Caribbean coast and the Golfo de Fonseca in the south. It is not advisable to drive after dark. It is advisable to use off-road vehicles away from the highways.

Long-distance buses,
the main mode of transport, run regularly between the larger cities (de lujois the most comfortable price range). Early booking is recommended, fares are very cheap. The departures are mostly in the early morning, as the routes are often very long.

Taxis
do not have a taximeter; flat rates apply within the cities. You are not always in a safe state. For longer journeys you should agree the fare in advance. There are also collective taxes, so-called colectivos.

Rental cars
are available at the airports.

Documents:
international or own driver’s license. Seatbelt compulsory.

On the go by train

There are only three railway lines in the north of the country, most of which are used for transporting bananas. However, visitors can travel on a banana train from San Pedro Sula and, with a little advance planning, switch to the coconut train to Cuero y Salado National Park.

On the way by ship

Ferries operate between the ports on the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. Details from the port authorities. From La Ceiba and Puerto Cortés there are connections to the Islas de la Bahía several times a week. Arrangements must be made with the boat owners.