Haiti Travel Overview

Haiti Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Port au Prince

Official language: French

Currency: Gourde

Continent: Caribbean North America

Affected by poverty and disasters.

There are probably few places in the Caribbean that show the contrast between rich and poor as clearly as on this island

Location

According to Countryaah, Haiti is on the same island as the Dominican Republic. Although the latter is rich, many Haitians live in poverty. The country is little developed for tourism, and there is no train connection to the Dominican Republic.

Backgrounds

In addition to rampant poverty, hurricanes and other natural disasters keep coming. Most recently in the summer of 2010 the destruction of the earthquake in the country, which is still under construction.

Region

Neighboring states of Haiti are the Dominican Republic on the mainland and the island states of Cuba and Jamaica. The Windward Passage between Cuba and Haiti marks the connection between the Caribbean and the Atlantic. At its smallest width it measures 80 kilometers, which means that the lights of Cuba can be seen at night.

Important facts

Capital: Port au Prince

Official language: French

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Gourde (100 centimes)

ISO 4217 code

HTG / 332

Geography

Continent: North America

Region: Caribbean

Geo coordinates: N 18 ° 58 ‘16.3 ” W -72 ° -17’ -6.8″

Highest mountain: Chaine de la Selle (2,680 m)

Total area: 27,750 km²

Mainland: 27,560 km²

National border: 275 km

Coastline: 1,771 km

Politics

Dependency: France until 1804

Formerly dependent states: Dominican Republic until 1844

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: Organization of American States

Form of government: Presidential Republic

Houses of Parliament: bikameral

Party system: many parties (> 5)

State building: central

Political culture: Sub-tank culture

Particularities: poor country in North and South America

Economy

Haiti GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Coffee, bauxite

BSP: $ 4.016 million

GDP: $ 3,891,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 14.87 billion

Economic growth: 2.1%

Inflation rate: 12%

State budget revenue: $ 483,000,000

State budget expenditure: $ 641000000

Export: $ 441,000,000

Import: $ 1,388,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 1,446,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 123,000,000

Electricity consumption: 602 million KWh

Oil consumption: 13,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 39.62%

Bovine: 1,640,000 pieces

Pigs: 1,062,000 pieces

Demographic data

Residents: 8,308,500

Residents in cities: 3,087,000

Minorities: Whites (5%) / mulattos (5%)

Average age: 18.2 years

0-14 years: 42.4%

15-64 years: 54.2%

> 65 years: 3.4%

Population growth: 2.3%

Birth rate: 36.44 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 12.17 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -1.31 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.97

Fertility: 4.94 children / woman

Infant mortality: 71.65 ‰

Life expectancy men: 51.89 years

Life expectancy women: 54.6 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: HT

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: HTI

ISO 3166 numeric: 332

Top Level Domain: ht

IOC country code: HAI

UN / LOCODE: HT

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 280,000

Cell Phones: 330,000

Radios: 554,000

TV: 54,000

Internet users: 210,000

Transportation

Paved roads: 1,587 km

Cars: 54,000

Health

Number of doctors: 2,330

Daily food intake: 2.190 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 320,000

education

Illiteracy: 45%

History

Foundation: 1804

Last sovereign since: 1804

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: Christian belief / voodoo

Crime

Prison inmates: 4,100

Defense Spending: $ 26,000,000

GETTING THERE

Arriving by plane

National, British and US airlines fly from Germany, Austria and Switzerland via London or Paris and New York. Air France (AF) offers flights from Paris to Port-au-Prince via Miami or New York. Lynx Air flies from Miami to Cap Haitien, Copa Airlines (CM) (Internet: www.copaair.com) also flies from American destinations via Panama to Port-au-Prince.

Departure fee

An exit tax must be paid when leaving the country by air and land. Most international airlines have integrated these into their ticket prices. For smaller airlines (e.g. to Santo Domingo), however, it may happen that the tax is collected in US dollars at the airport.

Departure tax on air travel: Up to US $ 55.

Exit tax by land: Approx. 23 US $ plus 100, -Gourdes.

On the regular bus routes between Haiti and the Dominican Republic, the exit tax is included in the ticket. If arriving individually, travelers should still have enough cash in USD and Haitian Gourdes.

Arrival by car

There are bus connections to the Dominican Republic.

Arrival by ship

Haiti is served by several cruise lines including Royal Caribbean. The main ports are Port-au-Prince, Cap Haïtien and Labadee.

ON THE GO

Traveling by plane

There is air traffic with Caribintair between Port-au-Prince and the provincial cities of Haitien, Hinche, Pingnon and Dame Marie. Bookings should be confirmed prior to departure as there may be cancellations or delays. Private charter is also possible.

On the way by car / bus

There is right-hand traffic. There are all-weather roads from Port-au-Prince to Cap Haïtien and Jacmel. Driving inland is time consuming due to the poor road conditions; We advise against driving at night due to the increased risk of accidents and assaults. The capital Port-au-Prince is particularly dangerous.

Long-distance bus:
From Port-au-Prince there are buses to Cap Haïtien, Jacmel, Jérémie, Hinche, Les Cayes and Port de Paix. The connections are irregular.

Taxi:
Station wagons (camionettes) connect Port-au-Prince with Pétionville and some other cities.

Rental car 
can be rented in Port-au-Prince and Pétionville as well as at the airport and hotels. Petrol is difficult to obtain outside of Port-au-Prince. The license plates of official rental cars begin with an L.

Documents:
International driver’s license.

Traveling in the city

The colorful tap-taps in Port-au-Prince run at a flat rate, but are often overcrowded.

Taxis
don’t have a meter, but prices for certain routes are set by the government. On all other routes, the fare should be agreed in advance. Number plates of taxis begin with a “P”. Taxis (Publiques), which are marked with a Rotan band at the rear view mirror, are most preiswertesten. Taxis can be hired by the hour or by the day for excursions.

On the way by ship

Sailboat trips to the beaches are offered from Port-au-Prince, and a trip in a glass-bottom boat over the Sand Cay Reef is particularly attractive.

Freight and passenger ships commute between Jérémie, Cap-Haïtien and Port-au-Prince.

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