Capital: Port au Prince
Official language: French
Continent: Caribbean North America
Affected by poverty and disasters.
There are probably few places in the Caribbean that show the contrast between rich and poor as clearly as on this island
According to Countryaah, Haiti is on the same island as the Dominican Republic. Although the latter is rich, many Haitians live in poverty. The country is little developed for tourism, and there is no train connection to the Dominican Republic.
In addition to rampant poverty, hurricanes and other natural disasters keep coming. Most recently in the summer of 2010 the destruction of the earthquake in the country, which is still under construction.
Neighboring states of Haiti are the Dominican Republic on the mainland and the island states of Cuba and Jamaica. The Windward Passage between Cuba and Haiti marks the connection between the Caribbean and the Atlantic. At its smallest width it measures 80 kilometers, which means that the lights of Cuba can be seen at night.
Capital: Port au Prince
Official language: French
Gourde (100 centimes)
ISO 4217 code
HTG / 332
Continent: North America
Geo coordinates: N 18 ° 58 ‘16.3 ” W -72 ° -17’ -6.8″
Highest mountain: Chaine de la Selle (2,680 m)
Total area: 27,750 km²
Mainland: 27,560 km²
National border: 275 km
Coastline: 1,771 km
Dependency: France until 1804
Formerly dependent states: Dominican Republic until 1844
UN member since: 1945
Other political affiliation: Organization of American States
Form of government: Presidential Republic
Houses of Parliament: bikameral
Party system: many parties (> 5)
State building: central
Political culture: Sub-tank culture
Particularities: poor country in North and South America
Export goods: Coffee, bauxite
BSP: $ 4.016 million
GDP: $ 3,891,000,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 14.87 billion
Economic growth: 2.1%
Inflation rate: 12%
State budget revenue: $ 483,000,000
State budget expenditure: $ 641000000
Export: $ 441,000,000
Import: $ 1,388,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 1,446,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 123,000,000
Electricity consumption: 602 million KWh
Oil consumption: 13,000 million m³
Cultivation area: 39.62%
Bovine: 1,640,000 pieces
Pigs: 1,062,000 pieces
Residents in cities: 3,087,000
Minorities: Whites (5%) / mulattos (5%)
Average age: 18.2 years
0-14 years: 42.4%
15-64 years: 54.2%
> 65 years: 3.4%
Population growth: 2.3%
Birth rate: 36.44 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 12.17 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -1.31 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.97
Fertility: 4.94 children / woman
Infant mortality: 71.65 ‰
Life expectancy men: 51.89 years
Life expectancy women: 54.6 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: HT
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: HTI
ISO 3166 numeric: 332
Top Level Domain: ht
IOC country code: HAI
UN / LOCODE: HT
Telephone connections: 280,000
Cell Phones: 330,000
Internet users: 210,000
Paved roads: 1,587 km
Number of doctors: 2,330
Daily food intake: 2.190 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 320,000
Last sovereign since: 1804
Main religious group: Christians
Distribution of religions: Christian belief / voodoo
Prison inmates: 4,100
Defense Spending: $ 26,000,000
Arriving by plane
National, British and US airlines fly from Germany, Austria and Switzerland via London or Paris and New York. Air France (AF) offers flights from Paris to Port-au-Prince via Miami or New York. Lynx Air flies from Miami to Cap Haitien, Copa Airlines (CM) (Internet: www.copaair.com) also flies from American destinations via Panama to Port-au-Prince.
An exit tax must be paid when leaving the country by air and land. Most international airlines have integrated these into their ticket prices. For smaller airlines (e.g. to Santo Domingo), however, it may happen that the tax is collected in US dollars at the airport.
Departure tax on air travel: Up to US $ 55.
Exit tax by land: Approx. 23 US $ plus 100, -Gourdes.
On the regular bus routes between Haiti and the Dominican Republic, the exit tax is included in the ticket. If arriving individually, travelers should still have enough cash in USD and Haitian Gourdes.
Arrival by car
There are bus connections to the Dominican Republic.
Arrival by ship
Haiti is served by several cruise lines including Royal Caribbean. The main ports are Port-au-Prince, Cap Haïtien and Labadee.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
There is air traffic with Caribintair between Port-au-Prince and the provincial cities of Haitien, Hinche, Pingnon and Dame Marie. Bookings should be confirmed prior to departure as there may be cancellations or delays. Private charter is also possible.
On the way by car / bus
There is right-hand traffic. There are all-weather roads from Port-au-Prince to Cap Haïtien and Jacmel. Driving inland is time consuming due to the poor road conditions; We advise against driving at night due to the increased risk of accidents and assaults. The capital Port-au-Prince is particularly dangerous.
Long-distance bus: From Port-au-Prince there are buses to Cap Haïtien, Jacmel, Jérémie, Hinche, Les Cayes and Port de Paix. The connections are irregular.
Taxi: Station wagons (camionettes) connect Port-au-Prince with Pétionville and some other cities.
Rental car can be rented in Port-au-Prince and Pétionville as well as at the airport and hotels. Petrol is difficult to obtain outside of Port-au-Prince. The license plates of official rental cars begin with an L.
Documents: International driver’s license.
Traveling in the city
The colorful tap-taps in Port-au-Prince run at a flat rate, but are often overcrowded.
Taxis don’t have a meter, but prices for certain routes are set by the government. On all other routes, the fare should be agreed in advance. Number plates of taxis begin with a “P”. Taxis (Publiques), which are marked with a Rotan band at the rear view mirror, are most preiswertesten. Taxis can be hired by the hour or by the day for excursions.
On the way by ship
Sailboat trips to the beaches are offered from Port-au-Prince, and a trip in a glass-bottom boat over the Sand Cay Reef is particularly attractive.
Freight and passenger ships commute between Jérémie, Cap-Haïtien and Port-au-Prince.