Europe

Germany Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Berlin

Official language: German

Currency: Euro (exchange rates)

Continent: Western Europe

Vacation in Germany

The reunified Germany has around 82 million residents, who are spread over 16 federal states.

The capital Berlin

Berlin, the city on the Spree, is a pulsating city with numerous sights. The most famous landmark of Berlin, which is today the symbol for national unity, is the Brandenburg Gate. Popular destinations for tourists in Berlin are Alexander Platz (“Alex” for short), the zoological garden, Potsdamer Platz and Kreuzberg. The center of the capital is marked by the tallest structure in the city, the television tower on Alexanderplatz. The Kurfürstendamm is one of the most important shopping streets in Berlin. Not far from Berlin is the beautiful Sanssouci Palace with a great park.

The German regions

A millennia-old history, the maintenance of customs and traditions, great nature and landscape and the charm of dreamy cities as well as extraordinary places characterize Germany. Germany has many contrasting regions. In the south of the country is the Black Forest with its wild and romantic gorges and numerous healing and health resorts. In the Bavarian Forest you will find a unique natural landscape. Neckarland Swabia is known as the land of the Hohenstaufen and poets. You will find many old half-timbered houses, castles and palaces there. The Main-Taunus area is characterized by many castles from the age of knights. In the HarzAccording to tradition, the witches are at home on the Brocken, the highest mountain of the Harz Mountains, which is also called Blocksberg. Every year the Walpurgis Night is celebrated there.

North Sea and Baltic Sea

The North Sea is known for the phenomenon of the tides. Wind, weather, ebb and flow, the Wadden Sea and relaxation in a stimulating climate attract thousands of tourists every year. In contrast to the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, also called the Baltic Sea, has neither ebb nor flow. Gently sloping sandy beaches and striking cliffs alternate. Usedom and Rügen are probably the most famous Hanseatic cities on the Baltic coast.

City vacation in Germany

One of the most famous cities in Germany is Munich, a city with an old Bavarian tradition. The Oktoberfest, the opera, the Hofbräuhaus and the Pinakothek are famous. Frankfurt am Main offers tradition and modernity, is considered an economic metropolis and is famous for its international trade fairs and for the birthplace of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The world-famous cathedral is the landmark of Cologne, a city of art and culture and known for the carnival. There are twelve large Romanesque churches in the city center.
Dresden is a city with a wealth of attractions. Historical monuments such as the Frauenkirche, theSemperoper, the residents’ palace, the fortress walls are well worth a visit to this Saxon cultural city. Hamburg lies on the Elbe and Alster rivers. Hamburg’s port is the second largest container transshipment point in Europe. The second largest city in Germany has its very own flair due to the merchant palaces and grand promenades, international musicals, beautiful shopping streets and, last but not least, the hustle and bustle in St. Pauli. The international Maritime Museum Hamburg, the Kunsthalle Hamburg and the PANOPTIKUM Hamburg are well worth seeing. Hamburg is one of the greenest cities in Germany.

German cuisine and German beer

In Germany there are 5,000 different types of beer and a large number of wines and schnapps. White sausage with pretzels, raw sausage, Black Forest ham, boiled sausage, pork knuckle on sauerkraut, fried potatoes, Maultaschensuppe, Rhenish sauerbraten, all kinds of fish, stews, pasta and dumplings are popular. The Dresdner Stollen and the Nuremberg gingerbread are well known.

Facts and figures Germany

According to Countryaah, the Federal Republic of Germany is regarded as a parliamentary democracy that has been ruled under the head of state Frank-Walter Steinmeier since 2017. Angela Merkel has been Federal Chancellor or Prime Minister in the country since 2005. There are currently 709 members of the Bundestag representing around 83 million German citizens. In addition, the Bundestag is supplemented by the second chamber, in which a total of 69 delegates present themselves as representatives of the 16 federal states.

Important facts

Capital: Berlin

Official language: German

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Euro (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

EUR / 978

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 51 ° 9 ‘56.5 ” E 10 ° 27’ 5.5″

Highest mountain: Zugspitze (2,962 m)

Total area: 357,021 km²

Mainland: 349,223 km²

National border: 3,621 km

Coastline: 2,389 km

Politics

Dependency: Uniform form of government since 1871

Formerly dependent states: Poland until 1918

UN member since: 1973

Other political affiliation: European Union since 1957

Form of government: Democratic Republic

Houses of Parliament: bicammeral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: federal

Political culture: Subject culture

Particularities: special form of the right to vote

Economy

Germany GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Machines, vehicles, electronics

BSP: $ 2,986,422,000,000

GDP: $ 3,020,477,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 2,623,000,000,000

Economic growth: 1.3%

GDP share of agriculture: 0.9%

GDP share of industry: 29.4%

GDP share of services: 69.7%

Inflation rate: 1.9%

Unemployment: 10.1%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 51.1%

Export: $ 1,193 billion

Import: $ 882 billion

Foreign debt: $ 3,886,000,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 104.9 billion

Electricity consumption: 511,070 million KWh

Gas reserves: 605,800 million m³

Gas production: 22,470 million m³

Gas consumption: 94,290 million m³

Oil reserves: 396 million m³

Oil production: 166,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 2,684,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 30.04%

Bovine: 13,198,000 pieces

Pigs: 25,463,000 pieces

Sheep: 2,860,000 pieces

Fishing: 240,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 82.422.300

Residents in cities: 73,280,000

Minorities: Turks (2.4%); others (6.1% primarily Greeks, Italians, Poles, Russians, Spaniards, Serbs and Croats)

Average age: 42.6 years

0-14 years: 14.1%

15-64 years: 66.4%

> 65 years: 19.5%

Population growth: -0.02%

Birth rate: 8.33 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 10.62 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 2.18 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.96

Fertility: 1.39 children / woman

Infant mortality: 4.12 ‰

Life expectancy men: 75.81 years

Life expectancy women: 81.96 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: DE

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: DEU

ISO 3166 numeric: 276

Top Level Domain: de

IOC country code: GER

UN / LOCODE: DE

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 55,230,000

Cell Phones: 69,440,000

Radios: 78,070,000

TV: 61,218,000

Computer: 49,696,000

Internet users: 55,941,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 47,476 km

Paved roads: 690,122 km

of which expressways: 12,387 km

Cars: 47,230,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 394

Pipelines: 33,236

Health

Number of doctors: 307,600

Daily food intake: 3,620 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 46,000

Education

Illiteracy: 1 %

History

Foundation: 962

Last sovereign since: 1871

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: Protestants (34%); Catholics (34%); Muslims (3.7%); non-religious or non-religious (28.3%)

Crime

Prison inmates: 80,100

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 265,000

Main battle tank: 2,560

Battleships: 20th

Submarines: 17

Warplanes: 380

Helicopter: 100

Defense Spending: $ 42,283,400,000