Georgia Travel Overview

Georgia Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Tbilisi (See more on ITYPEMBA.COM)

Official language: Georgian

Currency: lari

Continent: West Asia


The haute cuisine of the Caucasus

Georgia offers vacation between the graceful Caucasus Mountains and the lively capital Tbilisi


According to Countryaah, Georgia is in the Caucasus. The country is bordered by Russia, Armenia, Turkey and Azerbaijan, and it has a border with the Black Sea.

Nature Georgia

Georgia is very species-rich. Not only its flora, but also animal life. 44% of the country is covered with forest, 5% of which is primeval forest. In addition to many native plant species, animals such as brown bears, wolves, lynx and the Caucasian leopard live in Georgia.

Vacation Georgia

Georgia has – similar to Armenia – many old castles and monasteries that are worth visiting. Climatically, the weather in Georgia is moderate, despite its location in the Caucasus, which favors hiking in the vast forests and around the monasteries and castles. Most of the historical buildings can be found in the capital Tbilisi, where around half of the people living in Georgia live and contribute to the bustling life of the city.

If you are looking for peace and quiet, put on your hiking boots and climb one of the mountains, or just spend a day on the Black Sea. If you decide on a longer mountain tour or hiking route in Georgia, then you should also consider neighboring Armenia.

Travel Georgia

EU citizens have no problem entering the country and do not need to apply for a visa. Entry with your own car is possible via Turkey, but it is not advisable due to the poor road conditions. Then better take a rental car !
Several cheap airlines now fly to the airport of the capital Tbilisi. You can reach Georgia from Munich, Vienna, Düsseldorf and Amsterdam.

Georgia culture

The cuisine of Georgia was very popular in the Soviet Union. And even today, Georgian cuisine has not lost its old splendor from the times of the king. “Chinkali” are particularly tasty, dumplings filled with meat that are often eaten as a snack. Typical main dishes are chicken stew or lamb stew with aubergine or tomato sauce. In Georgian cuisine you will find influences from all over the region, which extend as far as Persia Because of this borderline relationship between Europe and Asia, Georgia is also known as “the balcony of Europe”.

Important facts

Capital: Tbilisi

Official language: Georgian


Currency (sub-unit)

Lari (100 Tetri)

ISO 4217 code

GEL / 981


Continent: Asia

Region: west

Geo coordinates: N 42 ° 18 ‘55.5 “E 43 ° 21’ 24.8”

Highest mountain: Gora Kazbek (5,048 m)

Total area: 69,700 km²

Mainland: 69,662 km²

National border: 1,461 km

Coastline: 310 km


Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991

UN member since: 1992


Georgia GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: food

BSP: $ 5,793,000,000

GDP: $ 5,971,300,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 17,040,000,000

Economic growth: 8.1%

GDP share of agriculture: 16.6%

GDP share of industry: 29.7%

GDP share of services: 53.7%

Inflation rate: 9%

Unemployment: 11.8%

State budget revenue: $ 15.7 billion

State budget expenditure: $ 1.63 billion

Export: $ 1,822,000,000

Import: $ 2,870,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 2.274 million

Gold and currency reserves: $ 516.7 million

Electricity consumption: 9,970 million KWh

Gas production: 20 million m³

Gas consumption: 1,500 million m³

Oil production: 2,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 31,500 million m³

Cultivation area: 15.32%

Bovine: 1,193,200 pieces

Pigs: 480,000 pieces

Sheep: 590,000 pieces

Fishing: 2,200 t

Demographic data

Residents: 4,661,500

Residents in cities: 2,468,000

Average age: 37.7 years

0-14 years: 17.3%

15-64 years: 66.2%

> 65 years: 16.5%

Population growth: -0.34%

Birth rate: 10.41 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 9.23 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -4.64 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.91

Fertility: 1.42 children / woman

Infant mortality: 17.97 ‰

Life expectancy men: 72.8 years

Life expectancy women: 79.87 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: GE

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: GEO

ISO 3166 numeric: 268

Top Level Domain: ge

IOC country code: GEO


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 770,000

Cell Phones: 770,000

Radios: 3,140,000

TV: 2,310,000

Computer: 251,000

Internet users: 314,000


Railway lines: 1,612 km

Paved roads: 9,370 km

Cars: 451,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 222

Pipelines: 2,956


Number of doctors: 20,600

Daily food intake: 2,440 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 5,600



Foundation: 330 BC Chr.

Last sovereign since: -1991 BC Chr.


Main religious group: Christians


Prison inmates: 7,000


Armed forces (troop strength): 17,000

Main battle tank: 80

Battleships: 3

Warplanes: 15th

Helicopter: 10

Defense Spending: $ 37,000,000


Arriving by plane

The national airline Airzena Georgian Airlines (A9) offers direct connections from Frankfurt / M. to Tbilisi. For more information, contact Airzena Georgian Airlines, Pfälzer Weg 11 D-65474 Bischofsheim (Tel: (061) 61 44 40 24/23 95. Internet: Weekly scheduled flights from Vienna to Tbilisi. Information: Airzena Georgian Airlines, Parkring 12 A, A-1010 Vienna Tel: (01) 214 78 77). Further connections from Germany, Austria and Switzerland via Prague or Amsterdam.

Ukraine International Airlines (PS) offers connections from Frankfurt via Kiev to Tbilisi six times a week.

Flight times

Frankfurt – Tbilisi: 4 hours (non-stop); Vienna – Tbilisi: 5 hours 15 (via Prague); Zurich – Tbilisi: 6 hours 15.

Departure fee


Arrival by car

Main roads connect Georgia in the north through the Caucasian road tunnel at Kazbegi with the Russian Federation and in the south through the Darial Gorge with Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Attention: The checkpoints at Kazbegi, Tskhinvali (Roki tunnel) and the routes across the Georgian-Abkhazian border are currently closed.

The border crossing between the Russian Federation and Georgia at Verchni Lars in the Darial Gorge has been reopened in 2010. All other border crossings between the two countries remain closed.

Arriving by train

The main railway lines run along the Black Sea coast. There are connections to Azerbaijan, Armenia (with connections to eastern Turkey) and Moscow (Russian Federation). The Transcaucasian Railway runs between Baku (Azerbaijan) and Yerevan (Armenia) at night. The Silk Road Express runs from Baku to Tbilisi. The Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia is closed to international travel.

Arrival by ship

The most important ports are Batumi and Poti. From Batumi and Poti there are international ferry connections to other ports on the Black Sea (Odessa, Sochi, Trabzon and Istanbul) and to the Mediterranean (Genoa and Piraeus).