Georgia Travel Overview
Official language: Georgian
Continent: West Asia
The haute cuisine of the Caucasus
Georgia offers vacation between the graceful Caucasus Mountains and the lively capital Tbilisi
According to Countryaah, Georgia is in the Caucasus. The country is bordered by Russia, Armenia, Turkey and Azerbaijan, and it has a border with the Black Sea.
Georgia is very species-rich. Not only its flora, but also animal life. 44% of the country is covered with forest, 5% of which is primeval forest. In addition to many native plant species, animals such as brown bears, wolves, lynx and the Caucasian leopard live in Georgia.
Georgia has – similar to Armenia – many old castles and monasteries that are worth visiting. Climatically, the weather in Georgia is moderate, despite its location in the Caucasus, which favors hiking in the vast forests and around the monasteries and castles. Most of the historical buildings can be found in the capital Tbilisi, where around half of the people living in Georgia live and contribute to the bustling life of the city.
If you are looking for peace and quiet, put on your hiking boots and climb one of the mountains, or just spend a day on the Black Sea. If you decide on a longer mountain tour or hiking route in Georgia, then you should also consider neighboring Armenia.
EU citizens have no problem entering the country and do not need to apply for a visa. Entry with your own car is possible via Turkey, but it is not advisable due to the poor road conditions. Then better take a rental car !
Several cheap airlines now fly to the airport of the capital Tbilisi. You can reach Georgia from Munich, Vienna, Düsseldorf and Amsterdam.
The cuisine of Georgia was very popular in the Soviet Union. And even today, Georgian cuisine has not lost its old splendor from the times of the king. “Chinkali” are particularly tasty, dumplings filled with meat that are often eaten as a snack. Typical main dishes are chicken stew or lamb stew with aubergine or tomato sauce. In Georgian cuisine you will find influences from all over the region, which extend as far as Persia Because of this borderline relationship between Europe and Asia, Georgia is also known as “the balcony of Europe”.
Official language: Georgian
Lari (100 Tetri)
ISO 4217 code
GEL / 981
Geo coordinates: N 42 ° 18 ‘55.5 “E 43 ° 21’ 24.8”
Highest mountain: Gora Kazbek (5,048 m)
Total area: 69,700 km²
Mainland: 69,662 km²
National border: 1,461 km
Coastline: 310 km
Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991
UN member since: 1992
Export goods: food
BSP: $ 5,793,000,000
GDP: $ 5,971,300,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 17,040,000,000
Economic growth: 8.1%
GDP share of agriculture: 16.6%
GDP share of industry: 29.7%
GDP share of services: 53.7%
Inflation rate: 9%
State budget revenue: $ 15.7 billion
State budget expenditure: $ 1.63 billion
Export: $ 1,822,000,000
Import: $ 2,870,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 2.274 million
Gold and currency reserves: $ 516.7 million
Electricity consumption: 9,970 million KWh
Gas production: 20 million m³
Gas consumption: 1,500 million m³
Oil production: 2,000 million m³
Oil consumption: 31,500 million m³
Cultivation area: 15.32%
Bovine: 1,193,200 pieces
Pigs: 480,000 pieces
Sheep: 590,000 pieces
Fishing: 2,200 t
Residents in cities: 2,468,000
Average age: 37.7 years
0-14 years: 17.3%
15-64 years: 66.2%
> 65 years: 16.5%
Population growth: -0.34%
Birth rate: 10.41 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 9.23 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -4.64 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.91
Fertility: 1.42 children / woman
Infant mortality: 17.97 ‰
Life expectancy men: 72.8 years
Life expectancy women: 79.87 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: GE
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: GEO
ISO 3166 numeric: 268
Top Level Domain: ge
IOC country code: GEO
UN / LOCODE: GE
Telephone connections: 770,000
Cell Phones: 770,000
Internet users: 314,000
Railway lines: 1,612 km
Paved roads: 9,370 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 222
Number of doctors: 20,600
Daily food intake: 2,440 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 5,600
Foundation: 330 BC Chr.
Last sovereign since: -1991 BC Chr.
Main religious group: Christians
Prison inmates: 7,000
Armed forces (troop strength): 17,000
Main battle tank: 80
Defense Spending: $ 37,000,000
Arriving by plane
The national airline Airzena Georgian Airlines (A9) offers direct connections from Frankfurt / M. to Tbilisi. For more information, contact Airzena Georgian Airlines, Pfälzer Weg 11 D-65474 Bischofsheim (Tel: (061) 61 44 40 24/23 95. Internet: www.airzena.com). Weekly scheduled flights from Vienna to Tbilisi. Information: Airzena Georgian Airlines, Parkring 12 A, A-1010 Vienna Tel: (01) 214 78 77). Further connections from Germany, Austria and Switzerland via Prague or Amsterdam.
Ukraine International Airlines (PS) offers connections from Frankfurt via Kiev to Tbilisi six times a week.
Frankfurt – Tbilisi: 4 hours (non-stop); Vienna – Tbilisi: 5 hours 15 (via Prague); Zurich – Tbilisi: 6 hours 15.
Arrival by car
Main roads connect Georgia in the north through the Caucasian road tunnel at Kazbegi with the Russian Federation and in the south through the Darial Gorge with Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Attention: The checkpoints at Kazbegi, Tskhinvali (Roki tunnel) and the routes across the Georgian-Abkhazian border are currently closed.
The border crossing between the Russian Federation and Georgia at Verchni Lars in the Darial Gorge has been reopened in 2010. All other border crossings between the two countries remain closed.
Arriving by train
The main railway lines run along the Black Sea coast. There are connections to Azerbaijan, Armenia (with connections to eastern Turkey) and Moscow (Russian Federation). The Transcaucasian Railway runs between Baku (Azerbaijan) and Yerevan (Armenia) at night. The Silk Road Express runs from Baku to Tbilisi. The Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia is closed to international travel.
Arrival by ship
The most important ports are Batumi and Poti. From Batumi and Poti there are international ferry connections to other ports on the Black Sea (Odessa, Sochi, Trabzon and Istanbul) and to the Mediterranean (Genoa and Piraeus).