At a glance
Official language: French
Currency: CFA franc
Continent: Central Africa
Pablo Piccaso’s inspiration – Holidays in Gabon Travel
Gabon has not yet been developed for tourism, but there are plans to do so. If you want to explore the country now, you should do so as an individual traveler.
According to Countryaah, Gabon is located in central Africa. It borders on Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, the Republic of the Congo and on the Gulf of Guinea, as one of the few Central African states, has access to the Atlantic.
Gabon is the most politically stable and safest country in Central Africa. Nevertheless it is not developed for tourism. What is not that there are no beauties in the country that are worth visiting. 10% of the land area has been declared a national park, as the government sees future ecotourism as a future potential for the country.
The country has a rich cultural landscape that is already reflected in the pictures of Pablo Picasso. He used motifs and images of traditional figures in his paintings. The oval face typical of Picasso can be found in many places in Gabon in the form of paintings and carvings.
Official language: French
CFA franc (100 centimes)
ISO 4217 code
XAF / 950
Geo coordinates: S 0 ° -48 ‘-13.3 “E 11 ° 36’ 34”
Highest mountain: Mont Iboundji (1,575 m)
Total area: 267,667 km²
Mainland: 257,667 km²
National border: 2,551 km
Coastline: 885 km
Dependency: France until 1960
UN member since: 1960
Other political affiliation: African Union
Form of government: Centralist republic
Export goods: Petroleum, wood, manganese ore, rosewood oil
BSP: $ 7.268 million
GDP: $ 8,986,200,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 10,241,000,000
Economic growth: 2.6%
GDP share of agriculture: 5.8%
GDP share of industry: 52.3%
GDP share of services: 41.9%
Inflation rate: -0.5%
State budget revenue: $ 2582 billion
State budget expenditure: $ 2126 billion
National debt: 32.7%
Export: $ 6,422,000,000
Import: $ 2,342,000,000
Foreign debt: $ 4,122,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 720,000,000
Electricity consumption: 1,820 million KWh
Gas reserves: 33,980 million m³
Gas production: 80 million m³
Gas consumption: 80 million m³
Oil reserves: 1,921 million m³
Oil production: 272,300 million m³
Oil consumption: 13,400 million m³
Cultivation area: 1.84%
Pigs: 217,500 pieces
Sheep: 220,000 pieces
Fishing: 52,000 t
Residents in cities: 1,174,000
Average age: 18.6 years
0-14 years: 42.1%
15-64 years: 53.9%
> 65 years: 4%
Population growth: 2.13%
Birth rate: 36.16 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 12.25 / 1,000 residents
Migration: -2.65 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.99
Fertility: 4.74 children / woman
Infant mortality: 54.51 ‰
Life expectancy men: 53.21 years
Life expectancy women: 55.81 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: GA
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: GAVE
ISO 3166 numeric: 266
Top Level Domain: ga
IOC country code: GAVE
UN / LOCODE: GA
Telephone connections: 47,000
Cell Phones: 440,000
Internet users: 73,000
Railway lines: 814 km
Paved roads: 6,648 km
of which expressways: 30 km
Number of doctors: 490
Daily food intake: 2,660 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 63,000
Last sovereign since: 1960
Main religious group: Christians
Prison inmates: 1,100
Armed forces (troop strength): 5,000
Defense Spending: $ 272.6 million
Arriving by plane
Gabon does not have a national airline .
Air France (AF)
flies to Libreville directly from Paris. Lufthansa (LH) flies directly to Libreville from Frankfurt. Most flights from Europe go through Paris.
Frankfurt – Libreville: 9 hours 15; Vienna / Zurich – Libreville: 11 hours; Paris – Libreville: 6 hours 45.
Arrival by car
Roads lead to Bitam and Ambam (Cameroon), Bata via Cocobeach (Equatorial Guinea) and into the Congo. Only around 10% of the road network, which is in poor overall condition, is paved. Much of Gabon is virgin forest. During the rainy season, the roads are hardly passable even with all-wheel drive.
Arrival by ship
Main port: Owenda, 10 km from Libreville. Regular ferry service from Libreville to São Tomé. Cargo ships sometimes take passengers with them on their way to Cameroon; Information on site.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
There are around 200 runways.
Air Service Gabon (X7) and Avirex Gabon (G2) fly from Libreville to
Franceville, Gamba, Koulamoutou, Makokou, Mouila, Oyem, Port Gentil and Tchibanga.
On the way by car / bus
The road network covers 7518 km, of which only 614 km are paved. Most of the country consists of impenetrable jungle with almost impassable roads. Driving is not recommended during the rainy season (October to mid-December and February to mid-May). There is no road connection from Port-Gentil to Libreville or any other part of the country. Road checks, where you have to identify yourself and show vehicle documents, are to be expected.
Long-distance bus:The connection between the cities is made by minibuses or trucks. There are daily minibus connections between Libreville and Lambaréné, Mouila, Oyem and Bitam (the trip to Oyem and Bitam generally includes an overnight stay). Seats can be reserved in Libreville. There are also larger buses to Mouila (and on other routes from Mouila).
Rental cars can be rented in the larger hotels or at the airport.
Documentation: International driver’s license and international insurance required.
Traveling in the city
Numerous shared taxis are available in all larger towns. Prices are different. There are also bus connections in Port Gentil and Masuku (Franceville). Taxi tariffs are not fixed and should be negotiated in advance.
On the go by train
The Trans-Gabon railway connects Libreville (Owendo station, 10 km from the city center) with Lastoursville, Booué and Franceville. The route is to be extended to Brazzaville (Republic of the Congo). Tickets should be purchased in advance as the train charges double the fare. Children between four and eleven years pay half, children under four travel free.
On the way by ship
Ferries on the coast connect Libreville with Port-Gentil (travel time: 4 hours). Ships operate on the Ogoué River between Port Gentil and Lambaréné (travel time: 10-24 hours). Some river boats go to N’djolé.