Finland Travel Overview

Finland Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Helsinki

Official language: Finnish

Currency: Euro (exchange rates)

Continent: Northern Europe

Land of a thousand lakes

A holiday in Finland has a lot to offer. In, you suddenly come across a herd of reindeer. In the Archipelago or one of the 1,000 lakes in the Lake District in Eastern Finland, you sail through archipelagos and islands. The endless summer days and winter nights offer 24 hours day or night, depending on the season.

Finland landmarks

The sights of Finland often have to do with nature, such as the archipelago in front of Turku, the national landscape on Mount Koli, the sand dunes of Kalajoki, the steamboat waterway of Heinävesi or the bare peaks of the mountains in Lapland. The castles of Turku, Hämeenlinna and Savonlinna are stone witnesses to the eventful history of Finland. When you come to the old wooden house districts of Porvoo, Naantali and Rauma, you think you are in the middle of a fairy tale. Helsinki, the capital of Finland, is located by the sea and is ideal for walks and shopping. Finnish summers offer many events such as music festivals, fairs and sports competitions. In winter, especially in Lapland, there is endless cross-country skiing.

Suomenlinna Sea Fortress – Gibraltar of the North

The Suomenlinna sea fortress, built on several interconnected islands off Helsinki, is a national monument and one of Finland’s cultural treasures. The granite fortress is also known as the Gibraltar of the North. Suomenlinna was considered invincible, but had to surrender in 1808 after a Russian siege and was then annexed to the Russian Empire.

Holidays in Mökki (log cabin)

During a holiday in Finland, peaceful quiet days in a log cabin (Mökki) on the lakeshore of a lake should not be missing. The rustling of the woods, the warmth of the sauna and the smell of grilled food are part of it. Thousands of lakes offer the opportunity to swim after the sauna. Boating and fishing can be enjoyed in summer. National parks invite you to go hiking.

Finland geography

According to Countryaah, Finland borders Sweden, Norway, Russia and the Baltic Sea. A quarter of the country’s area is north of the Arctic Circle. The area of ​​Finland is only slightly smaller than that of Germany. Nevertheless, only around 5.3 million people live in Finland, making it one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe, which is compounded in individual regions by the fact that a large part of the population lives in the south of the country, around the capital Helsinki. Finland has two national languages: Finnish and Swedish. The Swedish-speaking archipelago of Åland has a far-reaching autonomous status.

Finland – climate – travel time

Finnish is characterized by cold winters and warm summers. The mean annual temperature in Helsinki is 5.3 degrees Celsius, although it can reach 30 degrees on the warmest days in summer in southern Finland. In winter, temperatures of around -20 ºC are not unusual, which is why a sauna is almost a fixed feature in every Finnish house, but it can be found in a Mökki (holiday home, log cabin). In the far north of Finland, beyond the Arctic Circle, the sun does not set for 73 days in summer. The counterpart to the midnight sun is the polar night in winter (Kaamos in Finnish). During this time, the sun remains hidden for 51 days.

Finnish cuisine

Finnish cuisine is rich in directly sourced ingredients such as salmon, whitefish, arctic char, duck, ptarmigan, reindeer, elk, blueberries, lingonberries and cloudberries. Whenever you are on holiday in Finland, try the local specialties, which are called “Lappi a la carte” and “Savo a la carte”. Hyvää ruokahalua! (Good Appetite!)

Important facts

Capital: Helsinki

Official language: Finnish

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Euro (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

EUR / 978

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: North

Geo coordinates: N 61 ° 55 ‘26.8 ” E 25 ° 44’ 53.3″

Highest mountain: Haltiatunturi (1,328 m)

Total area: 337,030 km²

Mainland: 305,470 km²

National border: 2,628 km

Coastline: 1,126 km

Politics

Dependency: Russia until 1917

UN member since: 1955

Other political affiliation: European Union since 1995

Form of government: Parliamentary republic

Houses of Parliament: unicameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized

Political culture: Subject culture with a tendency towards civil culture

Particularities: Autonomy of Aland

Economy

Finland GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Wood, pulp, paper

BSP: $ 196.127 billion

GDP: $ 200.097 billion

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 167.7 billion

Economic growth: 2.6%

GDP share of agriculture: 3%

GDP share of industry: 29.4%

GDP share of services: 67.6%

Inflation rate: 0.8%

Unemployment: 8.1%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 37.1%

Export: $ 74,022,000,000

Import: $ 63.730 billion

Foreign debt: $ 221.9 billion

Gold and currency reserves: $ 11,540,000,000

Electricity consumption: 80,610 million KWh

Gas consumption: 5,210 million m³

Oil production: 9,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 223,500 million m³

Cultivation area: 6.51%

Bovine: 954,000 pieces

Pigs: 1,261,000 pieces

Fishing: 51,000 t

Demographic data

Residents: 5,231,400

Residents in cities: 4,430,500

Minorities: Swedes, Sami, Russians

Average age: 41.3 years

0-14 years: 17.1%

15-64 years: 66.7%

> 65 years: 16.2%

Population growth: 0.14%

Birth rate: 10.5 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 9.86 / 1,000 residents

Migration: 0.84 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.96

Fertility: 1.73 children / woman

Infant mortality: 3.55 ‰

Life expectancy men: 74.99 years

Life expectancy women: 82.17 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: FI

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: FIN

ISO 3166 numeric: 246

Top Level Domain: fi

IOC country code: FIN

UN / LOCODE: FI

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 2,907,000

Cell Phones: 4,640,000

Radios: 8,488,000

TV: 4,070,000

Computer: 2,790,000

Internet users: 3,597,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 5,677 km

Paved roads: 50,633 km

of which expressways: 653 km

Cars: 2,470,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 87

Pipelines: 694

Health

Number of doctors: 16,810

Daily food intake: 3,270 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 1,800

Education

History

Foundation: 1917

Last sovereign since: 1917

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: evang.-luth., greek-orth.

Crime

Prison inmates: 3,700

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 25,000

Main battle tank: 250

Warplanes: 90

Helicopter: 10

Defense Spending: $ 2,724,000,000