Estonia Travel Overview

Estonia Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: Tallinn

Official language: Estonian, Russian

Currency: Crown 1EEK = 0.06EUR

Continent: Northern Europe

Estonia

A holiday in Estonia offers a symbiosis of past and present with its sights. The contemporary architecture, very good standard hotels, cozy cafés and modern galleries surprise visitors.

Estonia history

Estand has a rich history to offer. Classic for Estonia are the wind flags, castles, church towers with red roofs and rock gardens. Estonia was already part of the European cultural area in the Middle Ages. Maritime trade was important, as it increased prosperity and awareness. One of those port cities that promoted this was the capital Tallinn, which should definitely be seen.

Last minute city break in Tallinn

Last Minute Tallinn: a city break in a city over a thousand years old, which is still surrounded by a historical, well-preserved medieval city wall. The old town has been a Unesco World Heritage Site since 1997. In the city, torches flicker lanterns on the cobblestones. The sunset and the view from Domberg over the water are impressive. But also the almost banal clatter of trams, noisy and funny handicraft markets, a stay in one of the many cafes ensure an impressive holiday in the old town of Tallinn.

Summer capital Pärnu

The summer capital of Estonia is officially located in the city of Pärnu, a city that lives from and for the summer. The health resorts of Pärnu and Haapsalu offer the opportunity to enjoy the traditional healing mud of Estonia. The good price-performance ratio of the mud baths and sanatoriums paired with the Estonian hospitality offer pure holiday pleasure.

Vacation on the west coast of Estonia

The west coast of Estonia is lined with picturesque forests, shimmering banks, buildings with typical thatched roofs, historic castles and ancient ruins. A special attraction are the islands of Estonia, which tell of a mysterious history and unique nature and landscape. Hiiumaa is one of the larger Estonian islands that was previously used by pirates as a landing point. Today you can go hiking, cycling or just lying on the beach. This pearl of the Baltic Sea has something that you will not find anywhere else: Untouched nature, lighthouses, ruins of centuries-old buildings, fortresses and monuments from the Second World War. Saaremaa is the largest island in Estonia, the capital of which is home to a 14th century bishop’s castle. The island is also a health resort and medicinal mud center.

The capital of southern Estonia, Tartu, is a student city. The university was founded in 1632. Nearby is Otepää, the most popular ski center in Estonia, where you can not only go skiing, but also cross-country skiing. In summer Otepää offers a variety of hikes to its 130 lakes.

Geography Estonia

According to Countryaah, Estonia is the northernmost country in the Baltic States and borders Latvia in the south, Russia in the east and the Baltic Sea in the north and west. There are close ties to Finland across the Gulf of Finland and historically there are many cultural ties to Germany.

Important facts

Capital: Tallinn

Official language: Estonian, Russian

Currency

Currency (sub-unit)

Crown (100 Senti)

ISO 4217 code

EEK / 233

Geography

Continent: Europe

Region: North

Geo coordinates: N 58 ° 35 ’43 ” E 25 ° 0′ 49″

Highest mountain: Suur Munamägi (318 m)

Total area: 45,226 km²

Mainland: 43,211 km²

National border: 633 km

Coastline: 3,794 km

Politics

Dependency: Soviet Union until 1991

UN member since: 1991

Other political affiliation: European Union since 2004

Form of government: Parliamentary republic

Houses of Parliament: unikameral

Party system: Multi-party system

State building: centralized with a tendency towards decentralized structures

Political culture: Citizen culture in development

Particularities: strong position of the president, high institutional distrust

Economy

Estonia GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Food, wood products, paper

BSP: $ 13,957,000,000

GDP: $ 15,146,300,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 26,011,000,000

Economic growth: 9.3%

GDP share of agriculture: 3.8%

GDP share of industry: 30.1%

GDP share of services: 66.1%

Inflation rate: 4.4%

Unemployment: 7.4%

State budget revenue: $ 4294967295

State budget expenditure: $ 4294967295

National debt: 4.4%

Export: $ 9,083,000,000

Import: $ 11,446,000,000

Foreign debt: $ 13,430,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 2.285 million

Electricity consumption: 7,076 million KWh

Gas consumption: 1,380 million m³

Oil production: 7,000 million m³

Oil consumption: 24,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 11.8%

Bovine: 232,000 pieces

Pigs: 377,000 pieces

Fishing: 97,600 t

Demographic data

Residents: 1,324,300

Residents in cities: 927,400

Minorities: Russians (25.6%), Ukrainians, Belarusians, Finns

Average age: 39.3 years

0-14 years: 15.2%

15-64 years: 67.6%

> 65 years: 17.2%

Population growth: -0.64%

Birth rate: 9.91 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 13.25 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -3.2 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.84

Fertility: 1.4 Children / woman

Infant mortality: 7.73 ‰

Life expectancy men: 66.58 years

Life expectancy women: 77.83 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: EE

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: EST

ISO 3166 numeric: 233

Top Level Domain: ee

IOC country code: EST

UN / LOCODE: EE

Source: Abbreviationfinder

Communication

Telephone connections: 589,000

Cell Phones: 1,060,000

Radios: 1,530,000

TV: 780,000

Computer: 404,000

Internet users: 534,000

Transportation

Railway lines: 958 km

Paved roads: 13,998 km

of which expressways: 106 km

Cars: 520,000

Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 35

Pipelines: 859

Health

Number of doctors: 4,190

Daily food intake: 3.170 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 7,900

Education

History

Foundation: 1918

Last sovereign since: 1991

Religion

Main religious group: Christians

Distribution of religions: Evangelical 13.6% / Orthodox 12.8%; 66%: none or not specified

Crime

Prison inmates: 4,500

Military

Armed forces (troop strength): 6,000

Battleships: 4

Helicopter: 10

Defense Spending: $ 258,000,000