At a glance
Official language: Afar
Continent: East Africa
The country called the Red Sea
Eritrea is wrongly not known in the West. The country is young, but its cultural history goes back a long way.
According to Countryaah, Eritrea is located in eastern Africa. It is one of the countries that have a share in the Horn of Africa. Its neighboring states are Djibouti, Ethiopia and Sudan. It also borders the Red Sea.
Italy was a long colonial ruler in Eritrea. Therefore, you can get on well with Italian in the country. In addition to Rome, there are also flight connections from Frankfurt and Amsterdam.
Eritrea has a long history, much like Ethiopia – with which it shares much of that history. In the capital, Asmara, you can research the country’s history at the National Gallery and book a guide to the historical sites. The country’s architecture is a mixture of old Christian, Islamic and late Italian-colonial art decor styles.
There is also a long history of Coptic Christianity in Eritrea that harbors many cultural treasures. Eritrea is worth a trip for anyone who does not shy away from the hassle of bus and off-road travel. The country is relatively unknown, which means there is a lot to discover!
Official language: Afar
Nakfa (100 cents)
ISO 4217 code
ERN / 232
Geo coordinates: N 15 ° 10 ‘45.8 “E 39 ° 46’ 56.4”
Highest mountain: Soira (3,018 m)
Total area: 121,320 km²
Mainland: 121,320 km²
National border: 1,626 km
Coastline: 2,234 km
Dependency: Ethiopia until 1993
UN member since: 1993
Other political affiliation: African Union
Export goods: Coffee, skins, vegetables
BSP: $ 1,060,000,000
GDP: $ 1,154,700,000
GDP purchasing power parity: $ 5,023,000,000
Economic growth: 2.5%
GDP share of agriculture: 10%
GDP share of industry: 25.6%
GDP share of services: 64.4%
Inflation rate: 18%
State budget revenue: $ 261,000,000
State budget expenditure: $ 442,000,000
Export: $ 42.6 million
Import: $ 694,000,000
Gold and currency reserves: $ 30,870,000
Electricity consumption: 320 million KWh
Oil consumption: 5,200 million m³
Cultivation area: 4.78%
Bovine: 1,814,000 pieces
Sheep: 2,153,000 pieces
Fishing: 8,900 t
Residents in cities: 917,500
Average age: 17.8 years
0-14 years: 44%
15-64 years: 52.5%
> 65 years: 3.5%
Population growth: 2.47%
Birth rate: 38.62 / 1,000 residents
Death rate: 9.6 / 1,000 residents
Ratio men / women: 0.99
Fertility: 5.08 children / woman
Infant mortality: 46.3 ‰
Life expectancy men: 57.44 years
Life expectancy women: 60.66 years
Country codes and abbreviations
ISO 3166 Alpha 2: HE
ISO 3166 Alpha 3: ERI
ISO 3166 numeric: 232
Top Level Domain: he
IOC country code: ERI
UN / LOCODE: HE
Telephone connections: 55,000
Cell Phones: 106,000
Internet users: 21,000
Railway lines: 306 km
Paved roads: 1,066 km
Merchant fleet (ships over 1,000 GRT): 6th
Number of doctors: 240
Daily food intake: 1,730 kcal / resident
HIV- infected people: 70,000
Last sovereign since: 1993
Main religious group: Muslims
Armed forces (troop strength): 144,000
Defense Spending: $ 267,000,000
Arriving by plane
Eritrea’s national airline is called Eritrean Airlines (B8) (Internet: www.ertra.com/eal). It was blacklisted in December 2012.
Yemen Airways (IY) (Internet: www.yemenia.de) offers weekly flights from Frankfurt / M. to Eritrea. The national airlines offer flights from Europe to Asmara in cooperation with other airlines. In addition, Eritrea is served by Egyptair (MS), among others.
US $ 20.
Arrival by ship
Regular shipping with local shipping companies between Europe and Massawa or Assab.
ON THE GO
Traveling by plane
Domestic flights operate between Asmara and Assab. All Eritrean airlines were blacklisted in December 2012.
On the way by car / bus
Repair and modernization work is in progress. Still, there are generally sufficient all-weather roads into most business centers and vacation areas; the other, unpaved roads should only be used with four-wheel drive vehicles. An expansion of the road network is planned. Only the cities of Keren, Massawa, Mendefera, Decemhare and Nefasit located within a 100 km radius of Asmara can be reached on main roads without a permit.
Buses run between the large towns. Larger cities are approached twice, smaller cities once a day.
Taxisare available in the capital and at the airport in Asmara. Fares are higher at night and should be agreed before departure. It is common to share a taxi with other travelers. For a surcharge, you can also drive alone in a taxi.
Rental car: Available from the Eritrean Tour Service (ETS) in Asmara (see addresses). You should drive particularly carefully or, if possible, rent a car with a chauffeur.
Documentation: international driver’s license.
On the go by train
The 300 km long rail network from Massawa to Agordat via Asmara and Keren, which was largely destroyed during the war of independence, was rebuilt. There are special trips with the steam locomotive, but no regular train service.