El Salvador Travel Overview

El Salvador Travel Overview

Important facts

Capital: San Salvador (See more on SIMPLYYELLOWPAGES.COM)

Official language: Spanish

Currency: Colón

Continent: Central North America

Mecca for backpackers

El Salvador offers a lot for those who go on a journey of discovery!


According to Countryaah, El Salvador borders Guatemala, Honduras and the Pacific. The country is not very well developed for tourism. However, it offers many options for individual travelers and backpackers.

Worth knowing

However, you should have travel experience, as you will have to make your own way in El Salvador. What awaits you are forgotten ruins of the Mayan culture off the main trade routes.

To national courts include Maisbreis with beans and cooked meat.

Important facts

Capital: San Salvador

Official language: Spanish


Currency (sub-unit)

Colon (100 Centavos)

ISO 4217 code

SVC / 222

Currency (sub-unit)

Dollars (100 cents)

ISO 4217 code

USD / 840


Continent: North America

Region: medium

Geo coordinates: N 13 ° 47 ‘39.1 ” W -88 ° -53’ -47.5″

Highest mountain: El Pital (2,730 m)

Total area: 21,040 km²

Mainland: 20,720 km²

National border: 545 km

Coastline: 307 km


Dependency: Spain until 1821

UN member since: 1945

Other political affiliation: Organization of American States

Form of government: Presidential Republic


El Salvador GDP - gross domestic product

Export goods: Coffee, cotton, sugar

BSP: $ 16,433,000,000

GDP: $ 16,947,000,000

GDP purchasing power parity: $ 32.74 billion

Economic growth: 3.1%

GDP share of agriculture: 9.6%

GDP share of industry: 30.6%

GDP share of services: 59.8%

Inflation rate: 4.2%

Unemployment: 6.4%

State budget revenue: $ 3.036 billion

State budget expenditure: $ 3374 billion

National debt: 48.2%

Export: $ 3,911,000,000

Import: $ 7,217,000,000

Gold and currency reserves: $ 1,788,000,000

Electricity consumption: 4,630 million KWh

Oil consumption: 41,000 million m³

Cultivation area: 43.19%

Bovine: 1,550,000 pieces

Pigs: 137,000 pieces

Fishing: 24,900 t

Demographic data

Residents: 6,822,400

Residents in cities: 4,022,300

Average age: 21.8 years

0-14 years: 36.3%

15-64 years: 58.5%

> 65 years: 5.2%

Population growth: 1.72%

Birth rate: April 27 / 1,000 residents

Death rate: 5.78 / 1,000 residents

Migration: -3.61 / 1,000 residents

Ratio men / women: 0.95

Fertility: 3.12 children / woman

Infant mortality: 24.39 ‰

Life expectancy men: 67.22 years

Life expectancy women: 75.28 years

Country codes and abbreviations

ISO 3166 Alpha 2: SV

ISO 3166 Alpha 3: SLV

ISO 3166 numeric: 222

Top Level Domain: sv

IOC country code: ESA


Source: Abbreviationfinder


Telephone connections: 934,000

Cell Phones: 1,589,000

Radios: 3,130,000

TV: 1,720,000

Computer: 259,000

Internet users: 920,000


Railway lines: 283 km

Paved roads: 2,167 km

Expressways: 327 km

Cars: 211,000


Number of doctors: 8,590

Daily food intake: 2,690 kcal / resident

HIV- infected people: 33,000


Illiteracy: 17%


Foundation: 1821

Last sovereign since: 1821


Main religious group: Christians


Prison inmates: 12,600


Armed forces (troop strength): 15,000

Defense Spending: $ 163.6 million


Arriving by plane

Avianca (AV) flies to neighboring Central American countries and the USA. Other airlines that operate El Salvador include American Airlines (AA), United Airlines (UA), COPA (CM), Delta (DL), Aerolineas Argentinas (AR) and Air France (AF).

Flight times

When leaving, US $ 22 (Embarcation Tax) + Immigration Tax: US $ 2.65. Transit passengers and children under 2 years of age are excluded.

Arrival by car

Long- distance bus: Buses from Transportes Mermex (www.transmermex.com.sv) operate between El Salvador and Guatemala. Pullmantur (www.pullmantur.com) offers connections from Guatemala City and Tegucigalpa (Honduras) to San Salvador. Transnica buses (www.transnica.com) run from Managua (Nicaragua) to San Salvador. Ticabus buses (Internet: www.ticabus.com) connect El Salvador with Guatemala and Tapachula (Mexico) as well as with Honduras, Panama, Costa Rica and Nicaragua.

Arriving by train

There are currently no train connections to Guatemala. Details from the embassy.

Arrival by ship

La Unión, La Libertad and Acajutla on the Pacific are the largest ports.


Traveling by plane

There are currently no scheduled domestic flights.

On the way by car / bus

About a third of the 12,000 km long road network is paved or paved in such a way that the roads are weatherproof. However, the road conditions are different. Particular care is required with open manhole covers. It should only be driven during the day and only with the doors locked. The national automobile club Automóvil Club de El Salvador (Tel: 22 31 55 55; www.aces.com.sv) has agreements with other international automobile clubs and provides further information.

Long-distance bus:
The main form of transport in El Salvador is the bus. There are good connections between the larger cities. Taxisdo not have a taximeter, so the fare should be agreed in advance. Big hotels have their own taxi services. Buses and taxis are often in a critical technical condition.

Rental cars
are available in San Salvador and at the airport. Travelers should limit themselves to the main roads and avoid driving inland and in the dark.

international driver’s license. A foreign vehicle can be driven in the country for up to 30 days, after which a permit from the customs and transport authorities is required for a further 60 days. Since there is no compulsory liability insurance, we recommend that you take out comprehensive insurance.

Traveling in the city

Public buses run regularly, but are often overcrowded and in poor technical condition.

On the go by train

The network of the state railway company FENADESAL (Ferrocarriles Nacionales de El Salvador) (Internet www.fenadesal.gob.sv) is around 560 km long and connects San Salvador with Acajutla, Cutuco, San Jerónimo and Angiuatú. However, due to the expansion of the roads, the railway lost its importance in the passenger and freight sector. There are currently no passenger trains.